Nitrogen and phosphorus management for Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) production-A review
 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-379    | Article Id: LR-379 | Page : 483-489
Citation :- Nitrogen and phosphorus management for Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) production-A review.Legume Research-An International Journal.2018.(41):483-489
Mahmudul Hasan, Md Kamal Uddin, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed and Ali Tan Kee Zuan mmhasanlimon93@gmail.com
Address : University Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Agriculture, Serdang-43400, Malaysia
Submitted Date : 12-07-2017
Accepted Date : 19-02-2018

Abstract

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) has characteristics to grow in the marginal soil and also tolerant into the drought condition and also have potential of nitrogen fixation. Nitrogen is the key plant nutrient that stimulates root and shoot growth. Phosphorus application significantly improves many aspects of plant physiology including photosynthesis, flowering, fruiting and maturation which ultimately result in better yield. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation is a complex process, in which Rhizobium bacteria form a beneficial interaction with a legume crop to fix atmospheric nitrogen and convert it to ammonium for plant uptake. Biological N fixation (BNF) is the natural means to enhance soil fertility status and productivity. Application of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer exerted significant effect on root development, photosynthesis, yield contributing character and pod yield of the crop. Bambara Groundnut yields are low due to abiotic and biotic stresses. But with application of nitrogen and phosphorus increase the yield of this crop. It’s seeds contain 63 percent carbohydrate, 19 percent protein and 6.5 percent oil and good source of fibre, calcium, iron and potassium.

Keywords

Bambara groundnut Growth Nitrogen Nitrogen fixation Phosphorus Seed Quality.

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