Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 41 issue 4 (august 2018) : 483-489

Nitrogen and phosphorus management for Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) production-A review

Mahmudul Hasan, Md Kamal Uddin, Mahmud Tengku Muda Mohamed, Ali Tan Kee Zuan
1University Putra Malaysia, Faculty of Agriculture, Serdang-43400, Malaysia.
  • Submitted12-07-2017|

  • Accepted19-02-2018|

  • First Online 25-04-2018|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-379

Cite article:- Hasan Mahmudul, Uddin Kamal Md, Mohamed Muda Tengku Mahmud, Zuan Kee Tan Ali (2018). Nitrogen and phosphorus management for Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) production-A review. Legume Research. 41(4): 483-489. doi: 10.18805/LR-379.
Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) has characteristics to grow in the marginal soil and also tolerant into the drought condition and also have potential of nitrogen fixation. Nitrogen is the key plant nutrient that stimulates root and shoot growth. Phosphorus application significantly improves many aspects of plant physiology including photosynthesis, flowering, fruiting and maturation which ultimately result in better yield. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation is a complex process, in which Rhizobium bacteria form a beneficial interaction with a legume crop to fix atmospheric nitrogen and convert it to ammonium for plant uptake. Biological N fixation (BNF) is the natural means to enhance soil fertility status and productivity. Application of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer exerted significant effect on root development, photosynthesis, yield contributing character and pod yield of the crop. Bambara Groundnut yields are low due to abiotic and biotic stresses. But with application of nitrogen and phosphorus increase the yield of this crop. It’s seeds contain 63 percent carbohydrate, 19 percent protein and 6.5 percent oil and good source of fibre, calcium, iron and potassium.
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