Legume Research-An International Journal
Publish
your articles with us

Quick Facts



Payment Options

payment portals

Click here to pay directly

Advanced backcross strategy for alien introgression for productivity enhancing traits in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

R.K Bhavyasree,  Sarvjeet Singh and Inderjit Singh

Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141004, Punjab, India 

bhavyasree_rk@yahoo.com

Page Range:
379-383
Article ID:
LR-3746
Online Published:
10-05-2017
Abstract

A chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivar, GPF2, was crossed with two accessions, EC556270 and ILWC21, of its wild relative C. reticulatum with the objective to introgress productivity enhancing traits from wild to cultivated chickpea. The F1s were backcrossed to cultivated parent to generate backcross derived generations and also selfed to generate F3 progenies. In BC1F1 and BC2F1 generations, plants showing superiority for fruiting branches, pods and seed yield over the recurrent parent were recovered. A set of 77 BC1F2 and F3 progenies along with recurrent parent was grown to record data on various morphological traits, yield components and seed yield were recorded. There was significant improvement in number of pods, number of primary and secondary branches and seed yield. Some BC1F2 progenies recorded 30-32% higher seed yield as compared to recurrent parent. Many backcross progenies were superior to the cultivated parent for more than one trait. It was observed that F2 and F3 progenies were inferior as compared to the backcross derived progenies due to the undesirable characters like prostrate growth habit, seed shape and dull seed colour which were inherited from the wild parent. Results showed that the wild donors contributed several positive alleles for yield and yield contributing traits. The study also suggested that one or two backcrosses are required to reduce linkage drag of undesirable traits from the wild donors. 

Keywords
Alien introgression, Back cross, Chickpea, Genetic variability, Productivity traits.
References
  1. Chaturvedi, S. K. and Nadarajan, N. (2010). Genetic enhancement for grain yield in chickpea–accomplishments and resetting research agenda. Electronic J. Pl. Breed. 1: 611-615.
  2. Fisher, R. A. (1935). The Design of Experiments. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. Pp 55-75.
  3. Gowda, C. L. 1981. Natural out crossing in chickpea. Int. Chickpea Newsl. 5: 6.
  4. Jaiswal, H. K., Singh, B. D., Singh, A. K. and Singh, R.M. (1986). Introgression of genes for yield and yield traits from C. reticulatum into C. arietinum. Int. Chickpea Newsl. 14: 5-8.
  5. Jaiswal, H. K. and Singh, B. D. (1989). Analysis of gene effects for yield and certain yield traits in crosses between Cicer arietinum L. and C. reticulatum L. Indian. J. Genet. Pl Breed. 49: 9-17.
  6. Ladizinsky, G. and Adler, A. (1976a). Genetic relationships among the annual species of Cicer. Theor. Appl. Genet. 48: 197-203.
  7. Ladizinsky, G. and Adler, A. (1976b). The origin of chickpea Cicer arietinum L. Euphytica 25: 211-217.
  8. Mallikarjuna, N., Jadhav, D. R., Nagamani, V., Amudhavalli, C. and Hoisington, D. A. (2007). Progress in interspecific hybridization between Cicer arietinum and wild species C. bijugum. J. SAT Agric. Res. 5: 1-2.
  9. Sharma, S., Upadhyaya, H. D., Gowda, C. L., Kumar, S. and Singh, S. (2013). Genetic analysis for seed size in three crosses of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Can. J. Pl Sci. 93: 387-395.
  10. Singh, K. B., Malhotra, R. S., Halila, M. H., Knights, E. J. and Verma, M. M. (1994). Current status and future strategy in breeding chickpea for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Euphytica 73: 137-149
  11. Singh, K. B. and Ocampo, B. (1997). Exploitation of wild Cicer species for yield improvement in chickpea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 95: 418-423.
  12. Singh, S., Gumber, R. K., Joshi, N. and Singh, K. (2005). Introgression from wild Cicer reticulatum to cultivated chickpea for productivity and disease resistance. Pl Breed. 124: 477-480.
  13. Tanksley, S. D. and Nelson, J. C. (1996). Advanced backcross QTL analysis: a method for the simultaneous discovery and transfer of valuable QTLs from unadapted germplasm into elite breeding lines. Theor. Appl. Genet. 92: 191-203.
  14. Upadhyaya, H. D. (2008). Crop germplasm and wild relatives: a source of novel variation for crop improvement. Korean J. Crop Sci. 53: 12-17.
  15. Verma, M. M., Sandhu, J. S., Brar, H. S. and Brar, J. S. (1990). Crossability studies in different species of Cicer L. Crop Improvement 17: 179-181.
  16. Verma, M. M. and Sandhu, J. S. (1995). Characterization of the interspecific cross Cicer arietinum L.× C. judaicum B. Pl breed. 114: 549-551.
  17. Xiao, J., Grandillo, S., Ahn, S. N., McCouch, S. R., Tanksley S. D., Li, J. and Yuan, L. (1996). Genes from wild rice improve yield. Nature 384: 223-224.
  18. Zohary, D. (1996). The mode of domestication of the founder crops of Southwest Asian agriculture. In: Harris DR (ed), The origins and spread of agriculture and pastoralism in Eurasia. UCL Press, London, UK. Pp 142-158. 
Global footprints


© 2015 ARCC JOURNALS. All Rights Reserved. Powered By ARCC JOURNALS