Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 40 issue 2 (april 2017) : 224-231

Molecular tagging of pod shattering tolerance trait in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotype MACS-450.

Dilip S. Thakare*, Vivek P. Chimote, Amit Adsul, Milind P. Deshmukh, Santosh C. Pulate
1<p>Department of Agricultural Botany,&nbsp;Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri-413 722, Maharashtra, India.</p>
Cite article:- Thakare* S. Dilip, Chimote P. Vivek, Adsul Amit, Deshmukh P. Milind, Pulate C. Santosh (2017). Molecular tagging of pod shattering tolerance trait in soybean[Glycine max (L.) Merrill] genotype MACS-450. . Legume Research. 40(2): 224-231. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.7299.

Pod shattering (Dehiscence) severely reduces seed yield in soybean. Molecular tagging of pod shattering resistance can help in the process of breeding for shattering tolerance. In this study, an segregating population of cross (susceptible cultivar Monetta x tolerant genotype MACS-450) was used for bulked segregant analysis (BSA) with 26 SSR (simple sequence repeat) primers known to amplify markers linked to 22 qPDH loci. Among them, eight polymorphic SSR markers, viz., Sat_350 (qPDH1-7), Satt185 (qPDH1-3), Satt674 (qPDH1-5 loci), Satt166 (qPDH3-5), SRM1 (qPDH1 loci) Sat_342 (qPDH3-2), Satt685 (qPDH1-2) and Sat_407 (qPDH3-1) were able to distinguish parents differing for pod shattering of them two primers Satt 166 and SRM1 yielded markers polymorphic in between shattering tolerant and susceptible bulks by amplifying only Satt166-200 bp marker and SRM1-234bp marker only in tolerant bulks. Only Satt166-200 bp marker was observed in tolerant parent, bulks and 14 plants; while another 237 bp marker for pod shattering susceptibility got amplified in 46 plants including 8 plants that were heterozygous for both alleles. SRM1-234 bp marker was observed only in tolerant parent, bulks and 15 plants; while another 237 bp marker for pod shattering susceptibility got amplified in 45 plants. In combined marker analysis, the markers Satt 166 (qPDH3-5 loci) and SRM1 (qPDH1 loci) were linked with pod shattering score and were also confirmed in individual 60 F2 segregants. Hence, these markers could be utilized in the marker assisted for pod shattering resistance/tolerance breeding of qPDH3-5 like and qPDH1 genes.

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