Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 39 issue 6 (december 2016) : 935-945

Soybean improvement through research in India and socio-economic changes

Purushottam Sharma*, B. U. Dupare, Ram Manohar Patel
1<p>ICAR- Indian Institute of Soybean Research,&nbsp;Khandwa Road, Indore-452 001, Madhya Pradesh, India.</p>
Cite article:- Sharma* Purushottam, Dupare U. B., Patel Manohar Ram (2016). Soybean improvement through research in India and socio-economic changes . Legume Research. 39(6): 935-945. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11190.

Soybean research work in India which was intended towards yield improvement, biotic and abiotic stress management and food grade characteristics has resulted in 98 varieties notified with maximum yield potential of 4 t/ha which is an increase from 2.5 t/ha during the 1970s, resistant/tolerant to insects, pests and moisture stress as well as with higher nutritional characteristics. The yield index (yield of 1970-71=100) for soybean has increased to 318 since its introduction for commercial cultivation. The technology achievement index has increased from 100 in 1980-81 to 156.3 in 1999-2000 and 182 in 2010-11. The per hectare value of all crops output (at constant 2001-04 prices) increased 250 to 600 per cent in TE 2011-12 over TE 1971-72 in the districts with higher proportion of gross cropped area under soybean and also the per hectare value of output was higher in major soybean growing districts than the other districts with a few exceptions. Though, at present about 45 varieties exist in the seed-chain, however, only four varieties dominate the seed chain and account for about 95 per cent of the total soybean seed requirement in the country and 98 per cent of the seed availability. To bridge the continual increase in demand for edible oil and nutritional requirements, genetic improvement in soybean for attenuating major issues is required. 

  1. Agarwal, D.K., Billore, S.D., Sharma, A.N., Dupare, B.U. and Srivastava, S.K. (2013). Soybean: introduction, improvement and utilization in India- problems and prospects. Agricultural Research, 2: 293-300. 

  2. Agarwal, D.K., Husain, S.M., Ramteke, R., Bhatia, V.K. and Srivastava, S.K. (2010). Soybean varieties of India. Directorate of Soybean Research, Indore. 

  3. Badal, P.S., Kumar, P., Billore, S. D., Sharma, A. N. and Joshi, O. P. (2000). Socio-economic impact of soybean cultivation in Madhya Pradesh. Project Report, Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. 

  4. Bapna, S.L., Seetharaman, S. P. and Pichholiya, K. R. (1992). Soybean System in India. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

  5. Bhatia, V.S., Singh, P., Wani, S.P., Chauhan, G.S., Kesava Rao, A.V.R., Mishra, A.K. and Srinivas, K. (2008). Analysis of potential yields and yield gaps of rainfed soybean in India using CROPGRO-Soybean model. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148: 1252-1265. 

  6. Birthal, P.S., Parthasarathy Rao, P., Nigam, S.N., Bantilan, M. C. S. and Bhagavatula, S. (2010). Groundnut and soybean economies of Asia facts, trends and outlook. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India.

  7. Bisaliah, S. (1986). Soybean development in India. CGPRT Paper No.5. UN/ESCAP CGPRT Centre: Bogor, Indonesia.

  8. Chand, Ramesh. (2007). Agro-industries characterization and appraisal: soybeans in India. Agricultural Management, Marketing and Finance Working Document 20, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome. 

  9. Chauhan, G.S. and Joshi, O.P. (2005). Soybean (Glycine max)- the 21st century crop. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 75: 461-469. 

  10. Dovring, F., Jindia, J.R. and Misra, R.S. (1974). Economic production possibilities of soybeans in northern India: A preliminary study. Publication Series No. 1, University of Illinois, Urbana- Champaign Office of International Agriculture.

  11. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D. and Joshi, O.P. (2010). Farmer’s problems associated with cultivation of soybean in Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, 4: 71-78.

  12. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D. and Verma, S.K. (2013). A study of farmers’ seed replacement rate of soybean and related problems in major soybean growing states. Soybean Research, 11: 58-65.

  13. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D., Joshi, O.P. and Hussain, S.M. (2008). Origin, domestication, introduction and success of soybean in India. Asian Agri-History, 12: 179-195.

  14. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D., Joshi, O.P. and Hussain, S.M. (2009a). Soybean improvement and development in India. in Ali, M. and S. Kumar (eds.) Milestones in Food Legumes Research. Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur. 

  15. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D., Joshi, O.P. and Verma, S.K. (2009b). Transformed post-soybean introduction farming scenario in Madhya Pradesh. Soybean Research, 7: 51-56. 

  16. Dupare, B.U., Billore, S.D., Joshi, O.P. and Verma, S.K. (2011). Adoption of improved soybean production technology in Madhya Pradesh: A critique. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 28: 125-130.

  17. GOI. (2014). Economic Survey-2013-14, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, New Delhi. 

  18. Gowda, C.L.L., Parthasarathy Rao, P. and Bhagvatulu, S. (2009). Global trends in production and trade of major grain legumes, paper presented in International Conference on Grain Legumes: Quality Improvement, Value Addition and Trade. February 14-16, 2009, Indian Society of Pulses Research and Development, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India (http://oar.icrisat.org/5350/1/Global_trends_in_production_and%20trade.pdf)

  19. Jaiswal, A. and Hugar, L. B. (2011). An economic analysis of soybean cultivation vis-à-vis its competing crops in Madhya Pradesh. Karnataka Jn. of Agri. Sci., 24: 591-592.

  20. Jha, G.K., Pal, S., Mathur, V. C., Bisaria, G., Anbukkani, P., Burman, R. R. and Dubey, S. K. (2012). Edible oilseeds supply and demand scenario in India: Implications for policy. Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

  21. Ramteke, R., Gupta, G.K., Murlidharan, P. and Sharma, S. K. (2011). Genetic resources of soybean varieties released during 1969 to 2008 in India. Indian J. Genet., 71: 330-340. 

  22. Rukmani, R., Senthilkumar, V. and Thenmathi, N. (2007). Measures of impact of science and technology in India: Agriculture and rural development. Report Report PSA/2007/2, M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai. 

  23. Sharma, A.N. (2004). An overview of current soybean IPM practices and limitations in India. in proceedings of VII World Soybean Research Conference held from Feb. 29 to March 5, 2004 at Foz do Iguassu, PR, Brazil. 

  24. Singh, B.B. (2006). Success of soybean in India: the early challenges and pioneer promoters. Asian Agri History, Vol. 10(1).

  25. Singh, Gurmail. (2007). Growth of Indian agriculture: A district level study. Department of Economics, Punjab University, Chandigarh. 

  26. Singh, Ishwar and Singh, K.K. (2013). Knowledge level of soybean growers regarding recommended soybean production technology and constraints there off. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 8: 209-211. 

  27. Singh, M., Dwivedi, A.P., Mishra, A., Singh, R.P., Singh, D., Singh, S.R.K. and Chand, P. (2013). Adoption level and constraints of soybean production technology in Sagar district of Madhya Pradesh. Journal of Community Mobilisation and Sustainable Development, 8(1): 94-99. 

  28. Thoenes, P. (2004). The role of soybeans in fighting world hunger. Paper presented at the VIIth World Soybean Research Conference, 1-5 Mar 2004, Foz do Iguassu, Brazil.

Editorial Board

View all (0)