Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 40 issue 2 (april 2017) : 257-263

Effect of irrigation and phosphorus levels on broad bean (Vicia faba L.) for improving growth, yield and water extraction pattern

S. Sarkar*, A. Sarkar, A. Zaman
1<p style="text-align: justify;">Department of Agronomy, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya,&nbsp;Mohanpur, Nadia-741 252, West Bengal.</p>
Cite article:- Sarkar* S., Sarkar A., Zaman A. (2017). Effect of irrigation and phosphorus levels on broad bean (Vicia faba L.)for improving growth, yield and water extraction pattern . Legume Research. 40(2): 257-263. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.7587.

The experiment was carried out during 2009-10 and 2010-11 rabi seasons to find out the effect of irrigation and phosphorus doses on growth, yield and water extraction of broad bean. Crop irrigated at Y = -0.03 MPa at 30 cm soil depth showed 5.33% and 34.97% higher seed yield compared to y = -0.05 MPa at 30 cm soil depth and rainfed, respectively and was significantly superior. Treatment receiving 75 kg P2O5/ha was significantly superior with 5.33 t/ha seed yield which was 8.33% and 28.74% higher over 50 kg P2O5/ha and 25 kg P2O5/ha, respectively. Growth and yield attributing characters also followed the trend of seed yield. Irrigation applied at Y = -0.03 MPa at 30 cm soil depth markedly enhanced nodule number, net return (Rs. 32200.98 / ha) and benefit cost ratio (2.32) over other irrigation treatments. Among different P levels the highest nodule number, net return (Rs. 36834.22 / ha) and benefit cost ratio (1.32) were recorded with the application of 75 kg P2O5/ha. The study revealed that, Soil moisture extraction by the crop increased with the advancement of crop growing period and again it decreased till harvest. Moisture extraction rate increased with the increase in moisture status of the soil.

  1. Abd, E.L., Fattah, M.A. (1997). Effect of phosphorus, boron, GA3 and their interaction on growth, flowering, pod setting, abscission and both green pod and seed yields of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) plants. Alexan. J. Agric. Res., 42: 311-322.

  2. Abdel, LYI. (2008). Effect of seed size and plant spacing on yield and yield components of Faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Res. J. Agric. Bio. Sci., 4:146-148.

  3. Ahmed, A.K., Tawfik, K.M., Gawad, E.L. (2008). Tolerance of seven faba bean varieties to draught and salt stress. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 4: 175-186.

  4. Alderfasi, A.A., Alghamdi, S.S. (2010). Integrated water supply with nutrient requirements on growth, photosynthesis, productivity, chemical status and seed yield of faba bean. Am. Eur. J. Agron., 3: 08-17.

  5. Better Crops. (1999). Phosphorus and water use efficiency, Better Crops. 83: 24-27.

  6. Bolland, M.D.A., Riethmuller, G.P., Siddique, K.H.M. and Loss, S.P. (2001). Method of phosphorus fertilizer application and row spacing on grain yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Australian J. Expe. Agric., 41: 227-234.

  7. Erdem, Y., Seshril, S., Erdem, T., Kenar, D., (2006). Determination of crop water stress index for irrigation sheduling of Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Turk. J. Agric., 30:195-202.

  8. Gendy, E.N., Raies, S.A.A., Reheem, M.A.A. (1995). Effect of number of irrigations and sulphur application on broad bean growth and yield. Egyptian Journal of Soil Science, 35: 379-393.

  9. Hoffmann, D., Jiang, Q., Men. A., Kinkema. M., Gresshoff, P.M. (2007). Nodulation deficiency caused by fast neutron mutagenesis of the model legume Lotus japonicus. J. Plant Physiol., 164: 460–469.

  10. Hussien, E.A.A., FadL, M.A.A., Radwan, S. A., Khalil, H. (2002). Response of wheat and broad bean plants to phosphorus under different soil conditions. Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research, 80: 41-55.

  11. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi.

  12. Jana, H.K. and Mallick, S. (2003). Root water uptake of sesame under various irrigation regimes in New Alluvial Zone of West Bengal. Journal of Agricultural Physics, 2: 41-45.

  13. Jensen, E.S., Peoples, M., Hauggaard, N. H. (2010). Review: Faba beans in cropping systems. Field Crop Res., 115: 203-216.

  14. Kantwa, S.R., Gangaiah, B. and Ahlawat, I.P.S. (2004). Effect of land configuration, past-monsoon irrigation and phosphorus on sole and intercropped pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). (In:) Proceedings of National Symposium on Resource conservation and Agricultural productivity, 20-25 November, PAU, Ludhiana, Punjab, pp. 400-401.

  15. Luikham, E., Phulchand, M. and Anal, P.S.M. (2009). Response of broad bean (Vicia faba L) to row spacing and phosphorus under late sown rainfed condition of Manipur. Agricultural Science Digest, 29: 54-56.

  16. Olsen, S.R., Cole, V., Watenable, F.S., Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Cir. P. 939.

  17. Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1984). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, ICAR, New Delhi.

  18. Paolo, E. D., Pasquale, G. and Michele, R. (2015). Irrigation and nitrogen fertilization treatments on productive and qualitative traits of broad bean (Vicia faba var. minor L.) in a Mediterranean environment. Legume Research, 38 : 209-218

  19. Patel, S.J., Patel, B.M., Raval, C.H., Patel, K.I., Patel, P.B., Patel, P.M. and Vekaria, L.C. (2014). Response of vegetable clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonaloba) to fertigation of P and K. Legume Res., 37: 420-423.

  20. Podsiadlo, C., Karczmarczyk, S. and Koszanski, Z. (1996). The effect of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer application on the activity of some physiological processes and the yield of faba beans on light soil. Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczyeh, 438: 351-358.

  21. ShuJie, M., Yun, H. Q., XiaoZeng. and An, M. (2007). Nodule formation and development in soybean (Glycine max L.) in response to phosphorus supply in solution culture. Pedosphere., 17: 36-43.

  22. Singh, A.K., Bhatt, B.P. (2012). Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.): A potential leguminous crop of India. ISBN 978-93-5067-773-    5ICAR, RC for ER, Patna, P. 518.

  23. Singh, D.K. and Sale, P.W.G. (2000). Growth and potentially conductivity of white clover roots in dry soil with increasing phosphorus supply and defoliation frequency. Agronomy J., 92: 868-874.

  24. Singh, M., Gandhi, R.T. and Raheja, P.C. (1960). A critical view of the methods used to determine water requirements of crops and suggestions for planning future irrigation experiments in India. Indian J Agron., 4: 272-285.

  25. Suhaibani, A.L. (2009). Influence of early water deficit on seed yield and quality of faba bean under arid environment of Saudi Arabia. Am. Eur. J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 5: 649-654.

  26. Tekle, E.K., Raghavaiah, C.V., Chavan, A., Ibrahim, H. (2015). Effect of faba bean(Vicia faba L.) genotypes, plant densities and phosphorus on productivity, nutrient uptake, soil fertility changes and economics in central high lands of Ethiopia. Int. J. of Life Sciences, 3: 287-305.

  27. Walkley, A. and Black, L.A. (1934). An examination of the degtryreff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the cromic acid titration method. Soil Sci., 37:29-38.

Editorial Board

View all (0)