Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 41 issue 3 (june 2018) : 422-427

Mineral contents of forage pea – triticale intercropping systems harvested at different growth stages

Ozlem Onal Asci, Zeki Acar, Yeliz Kasko Arici
1Ordu University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, TR-52200, Ordu, Turkey
  • Submitted22-04-2017|

  • Accepted25-09-2017|

  • First Online 15-02-2018|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-361

Cite article:- Asci Onal Ozlem, Acar Zeki, Arici Kasko Yeliz (2018). Mineral contents of forage pea – triticale intercropping systems harvested at different growth stages. Legume Research. 41(3): 422-427. doi: 10.18805/LR-361.
This study was conducted to determine the effects of mixture ratios and harvest times on mineral contents of forage pea – triticale mixtures hay.  Leafed and semi-leafless pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars and triticale (xTriticosecale Wittmack) were sown in pure and in mixtures (75:25, 50:50, 25:75). Harvests were performed at boot and milk-dough stages of triticale. Experiments were conducted in randomized blocks design with 3 replications for 2 years. The data were subjected to ANOVA. Additionally, Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between triticale ratios and quality parameters.  1n the first year at both harvest times of all mixtures; while Ca, Mg and Ca/P ratios decreased with increasing triticale ratios in mixture, K/(Ca+Mg) ratio increased with increasing triticale ratios in mixture ratio. Herbage mineral contents decreased with delaying harvest. It was concluded based on animal nutrition principles that triticale ratios of the mixtures should be limited and harvest should be performed at boot stage of triticale.
  1. Acikgoz, E. (2001). Forage Crops. University of Uludag, Publication No. 182. Bursa, Turkey. 584 pp. 
  2. Acikgoz, E., Ustun, A., GuI, I., Anlarsal, E., Tekeli, A.S., Nizam, I., Avcioglu, R., Geren, H., Cakmakci, S., Aydinoglu, B., Yucel, C., et al.(2009). Genotype x environment interaction and stability analysis for dry matter and seed yield in field pea (Pisum sativum L.). Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(1): 96-106.
  3. Altintas, A. (2013). Minerals Deficiency. www. Acikders.ankara.edu.tr 
  4. Anonymous, (1971). Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle. N.A.S. Washinton D.C. 
  5. Bilgili, U., Uzun, A., Sincik, M., Yavuz, M., Aydinoglu, B., Cakmakci, S., Geren, H., Avcioglu, R., Nizam, I., Tekeli, S., Gul, I., et al. (2010). Forage yield and lodging traits in peas (Pisum sativum L.) with different leaf types. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 15(1): 50-53.
  6. Duzgunes, O., Kesici, T., Kavuncu, O. and Gurbuz, F. (1987). Research and Experimental Methods (Statistic Methods II). University of Ankara, Agriculture Faculty Publication No. 1021. Ankara, Turkey. 381 pp. 
  7. Egritas, O. and Onal Asci, O. (2015). Determination of some mineral matter contents in common vetch cereals mixtures. Academic Journal of Agriculture, 4(1): 13 18. 
  8. Elinc, F. (2007). Plant Nutrition and Soil Productivity. University of Ondokuz Mayis, Agriculture Faculty Publication No. 57. Samsun, Turkey. 268 pp. 
  9. Hunady, I. and Hochman, M. (2014). Potential of legume-cereal intercropping for increasing yields and yield stability for self-sufficiency with animal fodder in organic farming. Czech J. Genet. Plant Breed., 50(2): 185-194.
  10. Kacar, B. and Katkat, A.V. (2009). Plant Nutrition. Nobel Publication No. 849. Ankara, Turkey. 659 pp. 
  11. Karayilanli, E. and Ayhan, V. (2016). Investigation of feed value of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) harvested at different maturity stages. Legume Research, 39(2): 237-247. 
  12. Kidambi, S.P., Matches, A.G. and Griggs, T.C. (1989). Variability for Ca, Mg, K, Cu, Zn and K/(Ca+Mg) ratio among 3 wheat grasses and sainfoin on the southern high plains. Journal of Range Management, 42: 316-322.
  13. Kumar, K. and Soni, A. (2014). Elemental ratio and their importance in feed and fodder. International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience, 2(3): 154-160.
  14. Lithourgidis, A.S., Dordas, C.A., Damalas, C.A. and Vlachostergios, D.N. (2011). Annual intercrops: An alternative pathway for sustainable agriculture. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5(4): 396-410.
  15. Madibela, O.R. and Modiakgotla, E. (2004). Chemical composition and in vitro dry matter digestibility of indigenous finger millet (Eleusine coracana) in Botswana. www.lrrd.org
  16. Mut, Z., Ayan, I. and Mut, H. (2006). Evaluatýon of forage yield and quality at two phenological stages of triticale genotypes and other cereals grown under rainfed conditions. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 35(1): 45-53.
  17. Onal Asci, O., Acar, Z., Basaran, U., Ayan, I. and Mut, H. (2010). Determination of hay quality of some companion crops sown with red clover. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 8(1): 190-194.
  18. Onal Asci, O., Acar, Z. and Kasko Arici, Y. (2015). Hay yield, quality traits and interspecies competition of forage pea – triticale miýxtures harvested at different stages. Turk J Field Crops. 20(2): 166-173.
  19. Pederson, G.A., Brink, G.E. and Fairbrother, T.E. (2002). Nutrient uptake in plant parts of sixteen forages fertilized with poultry litter: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, copper, and zinc. Agron. J., 94: 895-904. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)