Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 42 issue 1 (february 2019) : 66-71

Variations in osmo-regulatory and anti-oxidative status and their links with total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in lucerne during re-growth

Zhennan Wang, Mei Yang, Jiaoyun Lu, Huimin Yang
1College of Agriculture and Forestry Science, Linyi University, Linyi 276000, China
  • Submitted23-12-2016|

  • Accepted24-02-2017|

  • First Online 18-09-2017|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-338

Cite article:- Wang Zhennan, Yang Mei, Lu Jiaoyun, Yang Huimin (2017). Variations in osmo-regulatory and anti-oxidative status and their links with total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in lucerne during re-growth. Legume Research. 42(1): 66-71. doi: 10.18805/LR-338.
This study aimed to find out the changes in osmo-regulatory and anti-oxidative status during lucerne re-growth, elucidating their possible links with total nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations. The concentrations of osmo-regulatory substances, the activities of anti-oxidative enzymes and malondialdehyde concentration tended to increase after mowing. Total N and P concentrations decreased from 13 to 18 d after mowing. All responses were organ-specific. There were negative correlations of total N and P concentrations with osmo-regulatory and anti-oxidative status mostly in stems.
  1. Agrell, J., McDonald, E.P., and Lindroth, R.L. (1999) Responses to defoliation in deciduous trees: Effects of CO2 and light. Ecol Bullet 47:84-95.
  2. Amor, N.B., Hamed, K.B., Debez, A., and Abdelly, C. (2005) Physiological and antioxidant responses of the perennial halophyte Crithmum maritimum to salinity. Plant Sci 168:889-899.
  3. Asseng, S., and Hsiao, T.C. (2000) Canopy CO2 assimilation, energy balance, and water use efficiency of an alfalfa crop before and after cutting. Field Crop Res 67:191-206.
  4. Bates, L.S., Waldren, R.P., and Teare, I.D. (1973) Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant Soil 39:205-207.
  5. Bennett, S.M. (2012) Dry matter production of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) under rotational grazing at Ashley Dene. pp. 1-73. Lincoln University, New Zealand.
  6. Castillo, F.J., Penel, C., and Greppin, H. (1984) Peroxidase release induced by ozone in Sedum album leaves. Plant Physiol 74:846-851.
  7. Cavalcanti, F.R., Oliveira, J.T.A., Martins-Miranda, A.S., Viégas, R.A., and Silveira, J.A.G. (2004) Superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase activities do not confer protection against oxidative damage in salt-stressed cowpea leaves. New Phytol 163:563-571.
  8. Fahanestock, J.T., and Detling, J.K. (2000) Morphological and physiological responses of perennial grasses to long-term grazing in the Pryor mountains, Montana. Am Midl Nat 143: 312-320.
  9. Georgiou, C.D., Grintzalis, K., Zervoudakis, G., and Papapostolou, I. (2008) Mechanism of coomassie brilliant blue G-250 binding to proteins: a hydrophobic assay for nanogram quantities of proteins. Anal Bioanal Chem 391:391-403.
  10. He, S.B., Liu, G.L., and Yang, H.M. (2009) Changes and mechanism in response of photosynthetic rates of lucerne residue to cutting under different water treatments. Acta Prat Sin 18: 192-197.
  11. He, S.B., Liu, G.L., and Yang, H.M. (2012) Water use efficiency by alfalfa: mechanism involving anti-oxidation and osmotic adjustment under drought. Russ J Plant Physl 59:348-355.
  12. Heichel, G.H., and Turner, N.C. (1984) Branch growth and leaf numbers of red maple (Acer rubrum L.) and red oak (Quercus rubra L.): response to defoliation. Oecologia 62:1-6.
  13. Hou, F. (2001) Effect of grazing on photosynthesis and respiration of herbage and on its absorption and transporation of nitrogen and carbon. Chinese J Appl Ecol 12:938-942.
  14. Imaran, M., and Gurmani, Z.A. (2011) Role of macro and micro nutrients in the plant growth and development. Sci Tech Dev 30:36-40.
  15. Kenten, R.H., and Mann, P.J.G. (1952) Hydrogen peroxide formation in oxidations catalysed by plant a-hydroxyacid oxidase. Biochem J 52:130-134.
  16. Lu, J., He, S.,Wang, Z., and Yang, H. (2016) Carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry in differently aged lucerne stands during flowering. Legume Res 39:595-600.
  17. Markoviæ, J., Štrbanoviæ, R., Cvetkoviæ, M., Anðelkoviæ, B., and Živkoviæ, B. (2009) Effects of growth stage on the mineral concentrations in alfalfa(Medicago sativa L.) Leaf, stem and the whole plant. Biotech Anim Husb 25:1225-1231.
  18. Martiniello, P., Paoletti, R., and Berardo, N. (1997) Effect of phonological stages on dry matter and quality components in lucerne. Eur J Agron 6:79-87.
  19. Meuriot, F., Avice, J.C., Simon, J.C., Laine, P., Decau, M.L., and Ourryy, A. (2004) Influence of initial organic N reserves and residual leaf area on growth, N uptake, N pratitioning and N storage in alfalfa (Medicago sativa) during post-cutting regrowth. Ann Bot-London 94:311-321.
  20. Orodho, A.B., and Trlica, M.J. (1990) Clipping and long-term grazing effects on biomass and carbohydrate reserves of Indian ricegrass. J Range Manage 43:52-57.
  21. Ourry, A., Kim, T.H.,and Boucaud, J. (1994) Nitrogen reserve mobilization during regrowth of Medicago sativa L. - Relationships between availability and regrowth yield. Plant Physiol 105: 831-837.
  22. Prud’homme, M.P., Gonzalez, B., Billard, J.P., Boucaud, J. (1992) Carbohydrate content, fructan and sucrose enzyme activities in roots, stubble and leaves of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) as affected by source/sink modification after cutting. J Plant Physiol 140: 282-291.
  23. Puckette, M.C., Weng, H., and Mahalingam, R. (2007) Physological and biochemical responses to acute ozone-induced oxidative stress in Medicago truncatula. Plant Physiol 144:1104-1114.
  24. Richards, J.H., and Calldwell, M.M. (1985) Soluble carbohydrates, concurrent photosynthesis and efficiency in regrowth following defoliation: A field study with Agropyron species. J Appl Ecol 22:907-920.
  25. Rong, Y., Han, J., Wang, P., and Mao, P. (2000) Effects of cutting rate on carbohydrate reserves and nitrogen content of russian wildryegrass. Grassl China 2:28-34.
  26. Sánchez, F.J., Manzanares, M., Andres, E.F., Tenorio, J.L., and Ayerbe, L. (1998) Turgor maintenance, osmotic adjustment and soluble sugar and proline accumulation in 49 pea cultivars in response to water stress. Field Crop Res 59: 225-235.
  27. Stewart, R.R.C., and Bewley, J.D. (1980) Lipid peroxidation associated with accelerated aging of soybean axes. Plant Physiol 65:245-248.
  28. Thomson, V.P., Cunningham,S.A., Ball, M.C., and Nicotra, A.B. (2003) Compensation for herbivory by Cucumis sativus through increased photosynthetic capacity and efficiency. Oecologia 134: 167-175.
  29. Usha, T.N., and Dadlani, M. (2016) Study of free radical and peroxide scavenging enzymes and content in different vigour lots of soybean (Glycine max). Legume Res 39:233-236.
  30. von-Caemmerer, S., and Farquhar, G.D. (1984). Effects of partial defoliation, changes of irradiance during growth, short-term water stress and growth at enhanced P(CO2) on the photosynthetic capacity of leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Planta 160:320-329.
  31. Wang, J., Yang, C., Han, W., and Liu, M. (2003) Effects on water-soluble carbohydrate of Artemisia frigida under different defoliation inensities. Acta Ecol Sin 23:908-913.
  32. Wright, I.J., and Westoby, M. (2003) Nutrient concentration, resorption and lifespan: leaf traits of Australian sclerophyll species. Funct Ecol 17:10-19.
  33. Yang, H.M., Wang, Z.N., and Ji, C.R. (2013) Research progress in the dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in forages after cutting and grazing. Chin J Grassl 35:102-109.
  34. Zhang, D., Lei, J., Hong, E., Lu, D., Yuan, W., Yang, Z., and Ming, C. (2016) Anti-hypoxia effects of the ethanol extract of Oxytrois ochracephala. Legume Res 39:914-920.

Editorial Board

View all (0)