Impact of weather variables on drymatter accumulation and yield of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]  varieties under different dates of sowing 

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.9613    | Article Id: LR-3348 | Page : 427-434
Citation :- Impact of weather variables on drymatter accumulation and yield of mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] varieties under different dates of sowing .Legume Research-An International Journal.2016.(39):427-434

Lanunola Tzudir, Shrabani Basu*1, Srijani Maji1,  Purnendu S. Bera1, Rajib Nath1
Debashis Mazumdar2 and Prodip K. Chakraborty3
Address :

Department of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema-797 106, Nagaland, India.

Submitted Date : 14-05-2014
Accepted Date : 21-01-2016


A two year experiment was conducted at the BCKV with four mungbean varieties (Pant Mung-5, Bireswar, RMG-62 and Sukumar) sown under three dates (15th February, 1st and 15th March) in a split plot design where dates of sowing and varieties were allotted to main and sub plot treatments respectively with three replications. PAR was recorded with the help of line quantum sensor. Dry matter accumulation, yield attributes and yield were measured. Canonical correlation and correspondence analysis showed that absorbed PAR during 32 to 46 days after emergence (DAE) increased dry matter, pod and seed yield. PAR use efficiency (PARUE) of mungbean ranged from 0.75 to 0.88 g MJ-1 for seed yield. PARUE for dry matter production was maximum during 39 to 46 DAE. According to PARUE and heat use efficiency, Pant Mung-5 should be sown within 1st March in this zone. Growing degree day requirement gradually increased with delayed sowing.


Dates of sowing Mungbean PAR absorption PAR use efficiency Total dry matter Yield components.


  1. Awal, M. A., Koshi, H. and Ikeda, T. (2006). Radiation interception and use by maize/peanut intercropping. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 139: 74-83.
  2. Bonhomme, R. (2000). Beware of comparing RUE values calculated from PAR vs. Solar radiation or absorbed vs. Intercepted radiation. Field Crops Res. 68: 247-252.
  3. Chowdhury, M. M/ U., Ullah, M. H. and Mahmud, Z. U. (2000). Drymatter production in mungbean (Vigna Radiata L. Wilczek) as influenced by Bradyrhizobium inoculation and phosphorus application. Legume Res. 23: 15-20.
  4. Fangzauva, D. (2011). Response of groundnut and rice crops to different meteorological conditions. Ph. D thesis submitted to Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV), Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, India.
  5. Gallagher, H. N. and Biscoe, P. V. (1978). Radiation absorption, growth, and yield of cereals. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 91: 47-60.
  6. Gallo, K. P. and Daughtry, C. S. T. (1986). Techniques for measuring intercepted and absorbed photosynthetically active radiation in corn canopies. Agron. J. 78: 752-756.
  7. Kumar, R., Nandan, R. and Prasad, S. (2010).Yield and yield attributes of summer mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) as affected by sowing time, seed rate and varieties. Environ. Ecol. 28: 937-939. 
  8. Lindquist, J. L., Arkebauer, T. J., Walters, D. T., Cassman, K. G. and Dobermann, A. (2005). Maize radiation use efficiency under optimal growth conditions. Agron. J. 97: 72-78.
  9. Liu, B., Liu, X. B., Wang, C., Jin, J., Herbert, S. J. and Hashemi, M. (2010). Responses of soybean yield and yield components to light enrichment and planting density. Int. J. Plant Prod. 4: 1735-8043.
  10. Monteith, J. L. (1977). Climate and the efficiency of crop production in Britain. Philosophic. Trans. Royal Soc. Series B 281: 277-294.
  11. Nath R., Chakraborty, P.K. and Chakraborty, A. (1999). Requirement of growing degree days, photothermal unit and heliothermal unit for different phenophases of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) at different of sowing. Indian Agric., 43: 127-134.
  12. Nath, R., Parya, M., Majumdar, D., Jena, S. and Chakraborty, P. K. (2012). Absorption of Photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) and its effect on growth processes and yield of wheat under different dates in the Gangetic plains of eastern India. J. Agromet. 14(special issue): 238-242.
  13. Ponte de Souza, P. J. D. O., Ribeiro, A., Rocha, E. J. P. D., Farias, J. R. B., Loureiro, R. S., Bispo, C. C. and Sampaio, L. (2009). Solar radiation use efficiency by soybean under field conditions in the Amazon region. Pesq. Agrop. Bras.Brasilia 44: 1211-1218.
  14. Purcell, L. C., Ball, R. A., Reaper, III J. D. and Vories, E. D. (2002). Radiation use efficiency and biomass production in soybean at different plant population densities. Crop Sci. 42: 172-177.
  15. Rehman, R., Khalil, S. K., Nigar, S., Rehman, S., Haq, I., Akhtar, S., Khan, A. and Shah, S. R. (2009). Phenology, plant height and yield of mungbean varieties in response to planting date. Sarhad J. Agric. 25: 147-151.
  16. San Jose, J. J., Montes, R. A., Nikonova, N., Valladares, N., Buendia, C., Malave, V. and Bracho, R. (2004). Dry-matter partitioning and radiation-use efficiency in cowpea cultivars (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cvs TC-9-6 and M-    28-6-6) during consecutive seasonal courses in the Orinoco Llanos. J.Agric. Sci. Camb.142: 163-175.
  17. Sharma, P., Sekhon, H. S., Singh, G. and Sharma, P. (2007). Effect of date of sowing on flower drop, dry matter accumulation and growth parameters in Kharif mungbean. Environ. Ecol. 25: 838-842. 
  18. Sinclair, T. R. and Muchow, R. C. (1999). Radaition use efficiency. Adv. Agron. 65: 215-265.
  19. Talwar, H. S., Rao, R. C. N. and Nigam, S. N. (2002). Influence of canopy attributes on the productivity of groundnut. Indian J. Plant Physiol. 7: 215-220.
  20. Vijaylaxmi, R. and Bhattacharya, A. (2007). Mungbean seed yield: I. Effect of dry matter distribution and temperature at different crop growth stages. Indian J. Agrill Res. 41: 23-28.
  21. Vittum, M. T., Deithier, B.E. and Lesser, R.C. (1965). Estimating growing degree days. Proceedings of American Society of Horticultural Science 87: 449-452.
  22. Zhou X B, Chen Y H and Ouyang Z. (2011). Row spacing effect on leaf area development, light interception, crop growth and grain yield of summer soybean crops in Northern China. African J. Agril. Res. 6: 1430-1437.

Global Footprints