Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 39 issue 5 (october 2016) : 840-843

Growth and developmental responses of Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) on various pulses

Rupesh Sharma*, Renu Devi, Anil Soni, Umesh Sharma, Sunita Yadav, Ramesh Sharma, Ashok Kumar
1<p>Department of Agriculture,&nbsp;OPJS University, Churu- 331 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Sharma* Rupesh, Devi Renu, Soni Anil, Sharma Umesh, Yadav Sunita, Sharma Ramesh, Kumar Ashok (2016). Growth and developmental responses of Callosobruchusmaculatus (F.) on various pulses . Legume Research. 39(5): 840-843. doi: 10.18805/lr.v39i5.3774.

A laboratory experiment was conducted on the developmental biology of pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) on five different pulses viz., black gram, green gram, chickpea (Desi), cowpea and pea. Significantly highest numbers of eggs, shortest post-oviposition, adult longevity and total life periods was recorded on cowpea. The beetle laid maximum eggs (89.3) on cowpea and minimum on pea (50.7). Maximum eggs were laid on first day of oviposition and lasted for eight days. Hatching of eggs was maximum on green gram (98.1%) and minimum on cowpea (94.3%). The oviposition period, post-oviposition period, incubation period, larval-pupal period, total life period and adult longevity were in the range of 6.6 to 7.9, 1.09 to 2.6, 4.3 to 5.1, 20.1 to 37.2, 31.6 to 39.1 and 11.0 to 13.1 days, respectively on various pulses. No significant differences were found in oviposition period, post-oviposition period, incubation period, total life period and adult longevity on various pulses. The adult emergence was maximum on chickpea (96.7%) and minimum on pea (52.3%). 

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