Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu
Print ISSN 0250-5371
Online ISSN 0976-0571
NAAS Rating 6.67
Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)
Determination of forage yield and quality of mixtures of hairy vetch with some cereals (oat, barley and wheat) grown as catch crop
First Online 28-07-2017|
This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of mixture rates of hairy vetch with oat, barley and wheat on dry matter yield and its quality and to determine the suitable mixture when grown as catch crop at Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Research and Application Center, Bursa Turkey during 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 growing seasons. The experimental plant entries were Menemen-79 variety of hairy vetch, Faikbey cultivar of oat, Akhisar-98 cultivar of barley and Flamura cultivar of wheat. Nine mixtures (25 % oat:75 % hairy vetch, 50 % oat:50 % hairy vetch, 75 % oat:25 % hairy vetch, 25 % barley:75 % hairy vetch, 50 % barley:50 % hairy vetch, 75 % barley:25 % hairy vetch, 25 % wheat:75 % hairy vetch, 50 % wheat:50 % hairy vetch, 75 % wheat:25 % hairy vetch) were used. Several parameters such as dry matter yield, leaf area index, light interception, crude protein content and yield; ADF (acid detergent fiber) and NDF (neutral detergent fiber) contents and relative feed value have been examined in the experiment. The highest dry matter yield was obtained from the mixtures of 50 % oat:50 % hairy vetch (12 040 kg ha-1) and 75 % oat:25 % hairy vetch (11 748 kg ha-1). According to the two-year results, the higher and quality hay yield (low in ADF and NDF values, high in relative feed value) was produced at 50 % oat:50 % hairy vetch mixture, and this mixture have been proposed to the experimental conditions due to its suitability.
- Aasen, A., Baron. V.S., Clayton. G.W., Dick A.C. and McCartney D.H. (2004). Swath grazing potential of spring cereals, field pea and mixtures with other species. Can J Plant Sci., 84(4): 1051-1058.
- Acar, Z., Asci. O.O., Ayan. I., Mut H. and Basaran U. (2006). Intercropping systems for forage crops. J. of Fac. of Agric., OMU, 21(3): 379-386.
- Altýnok, S. and B.H. Hakyemez. (2002). The effects on forage yields of different mixture rates of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa L.) and narbonne vetch (Vicia villosa L.) seeded with barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). J Agric. Sci., 8(1):45-50.
- Asik, F.F. (2006). The effect of mixture rates and cutting stages on hay yield and quality characters of of pea (Pisum sativum L.) + barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) mixture. Uludag University Institute of Science, Master’s Thesis.
- Bakker, R.R. and Elbersen H.W. (2005). Managing Ash Content and Quality in Herbaceous Biomass: An Analysis from Plant to Product, 14th European Biomass Conference, 17-21 October 2005, Paris, France, p:210-213.
- Ball, D.M., Hovelend C.S. and Lacefield G.D. (1996). Forage quality in Southern Forages, Potash & Phosphate Institute, Norcross, Georgia, p:124-132.
- Bozkurt, Y. and Kaya I. (2010). A research based evaluation of the natural grasslands within the aspect of sustainable livestock production systems in highlands of the eastern Turkey. J Kafkas Univ Vet Fac 16(6):1045-1049.
- Budak, F., Tukel T. and Hatipoglu R. (2011). Possibilities of growing vetch (V. pannonica, V..villosa, V. dasycarpa,) and cereal (barley, oat, triticale) mixtures in fallow fields in Eskiþehir conditions. The JAPS., 21(4): 724-729.
- Buyukburc, U. and Karadag Y. (2002). The amount of NO3-N transferred to soil by legumes, forage and seed yield, and the forage quality of annual legume + triticale mixtures. Turk J. Agric For., 26: 281-288.
- Goering, M.K. and Van Soest P.J. (1970). Forage Fibre Analysis. USDA Agricultural Handbook, USA,379,1-20.
- Javanmard, A., Yosef N. and Fariborz S. (2014). Competition and dry matter yield in intercrops of barley and legume for forage. Albanian J. Agric. Sci., 13(1):22-32.
- Karadag, Y. (2004). Forage Yields, seed yields and botanical compositions of some legume-barley mixtures under rainfed condition in semi arid regions of Turkey. Asian J Plant Sci., 3 (3): 295-299.
- Kusvuran, A., Kaplan M. and Nazli R.I. (2014). Intercropping of hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica crantz.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) under different plant varieties and mixture rates. Legume Res., 37 (6) : 590-599.
- Moreira, N. (1989). The effect of seed rate and nitrogn fertilizer on the yield and nutritive value of oat - vetch mixture. J. Agric. Sci., 112:57-66.
- Roberts, C.A., Moore K.J. and Johnson K.D. (1989). Forage quality and yield of wheat and vetch at different stages of maturity and vetch seeding rates. Agron. J. 81 (1):57-60.
- Ross, S.M., King J.R., O’Donovan J.T. and Spaner D. (2004). Intercropping berseem clover with barley and oat cultivars for forage. Agronomy J., 96: 1719-1729.
- Saglamtimur, T., Tukel. T., Gülcan. H., Anlarsal. E., Tansý. V., Baytekin H. and Sýlbýr Y. (1991). Forage Production Possibilities at GAP. Proceedings of the 2nd National Rangeland and Forage Crop Congress, 28-31 May 1991, Izmir.
- Seyedeh, S.S., Habibi. D., Kashani. A., Paknejad. F., Jafary H., Al-Ahmadi. M.J., Tookallo M.R. and Lamei J. (2010). Evaluation of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) in pure and mixed cropping with barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) to determine the best combination of legume and cereal for forage production. American J. Agri. Biol. Sci., 5 (2): 169-176.
- Steel, R.G.D., Torrie J.A. and Dickey D.A. (1997). Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A. Biometrical Approach 3rd Edi. Mc Graw Hill Book.INC.N.Y.
- Tas, N. (2010). Determination of optimum mixture rate and cutting time for vetch+wheat mixtures sown in spring and autumn under ýirrigated conditions I. hay yield and yield components. Anadolu J. of AARI, 20 (2):45 - 58
- Tukel, T. and Hatipoglu R. (1987). A research on determining the effects of different cutting times on the forage yield potentials of some annual legumes-oats mixtures under bottom land conditions of Cukurova. Turk. J. Agric. Forest., 11: 558-566.
- Tarui, A., Matsumura. A., Asakura. S., Yamawaki. K., Hattori R. and Daimon H. (2013). Evaluation of mixed cropping of oat and hairy vetch as green manure for succeeding corn production. Plant Prod. Sci., 16(4): 383¯392.
- Trotter, D.J. and Johnson K.D.. (1992). Forage-testing: why, how, and where, Purdue Univ. Cooperative Extension Service Paper:337.
- Van Dyke, N.J. and Anderson P.M.. (2002). Interpreting a Forage Analysis. Alabama Cooperative Extension. Circular ANR-890.
- Yavuz, M., Iptas. S., Ayhan V.. and Karadag Y.. (2009). Quality in forage plants and malnutrition due to forage plants. Part 5.1. Quality determination in forage plants anad usage areas. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, p:163-172.
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.