Diversity and stability analysis for yield and component traits in Cajanus cajan under rainfed conditions

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0571.2015.00078.8    | Article Id: LR-3261 | Page : 169-173
Citation :- Diversity and stability analysis for yield and component traits in Cajanus cajan under rainfed conditions .Legume Research-An International Journal.2015.(38):169-173
Jogendra Singh*, Amit Kumar and R. Abdul Fiyaz jogendrasail@yahoo.co.in
Address : ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Manipur Centre, Lamphelpat, Imphal, Manipur-795 004, India.

Abstract

Twenty one genotypes of short duration pigeonpea were evaluated under rainfed condition of Manipur during kharif season of 2007/8, 2008/9 and 2009/10 to obtain the knowledge of genetic diversity and stability for yield and its component traits and used for identification of stable genotypes of pigeonpea. The experiment was carried out in randomized complete block design with three replications. Genetic divergence between genotypes was estimated using Mahalanobis D2 method. The genotypes under study were distributed in six different clusters based on D2 statistics. Highest number of genotypes were found in cluster IV (6) followed by cluster VI (5). The genotypes viz., GT 101 showed higher mean performance for grain yield with non-significant deviation from regression, followed by ICPL 87 and PA 134. The present study indicated that crossing between genotypes from cluster I and II could be brought a wide spectrum of genetic variability into progenies with superior combination of different traits viz., early maturity, short plant stature and higher grain yield.

Keywords

Cluster analysis Pigeonpea Stability analysis.

References

  1. Eberhart, S. A. and Russell, W.A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci., 6: 36-40.
  2. Ghosh, S. K. (2002). Analysis of genetic diversity and contribution of yield components towards total diversity in Indian mustard. J. of oilseeds Res., 19: 13-16.
  3. Gohil, R. H. (2006). Genetic divergence in pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp]. Res. on Crops, 7: 748-750.
  4. Kuchanur, P. H., Tembhurne, B.V. and Patil, A. (2008). Stability analysis for yield and yield contributing traits in early pigeonpea under irrigated conditions. Legume Res. 31: 276-279.
  5. Mahalanobis, P.C. (1936). On the generalized distance in statistics. J. Genet., 41: 159-193.
  6. Mahto, R. N., Yadav, M. S. and Mohan, K. M. (2005). G x E interaction in pigeon pea under rainfed condition. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res. and develop., 20(2): 110-113.
  7. Murthy, K. G. and Dorairaj, M. S. (1990). Genetic divergence in pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp]. Indian J. Genet., 50 (3): 279-282.
  8. Patel, J.B. and Acharya, S. (2011). Genetic divergence and character association in Indo-African derivatives of pigeonpea. J. of Food Legumes, 24 (3): 198-201.
  9. Patel, P. T., Chauhan, R. M., Parmar, L. D. and Tikka, S. B. S. (2009). Phenotypic stability of yield and related traits in pigeon pea. Legume Res., 32(4): 235-239.
  10. Rao, C. R. (1952). Advanced Statistical Methods in Biometrical Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 236-272.
  11. Reddy, D. K. R., Venkateswarlu, O., Obaiah, M. C. and Siva Jyothi, G. L. (2011). Genotype x Environment interaction for grain yield and its components in red gram [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp]. Legume Res., 34(4): 288-291.
  12. Saxena, K. B., Kumar, R.V. and Gowda, C. L. L. (2010). Vegetable pigeon pea- a review. J. Food Legumes, 23(2): 91-98.
  13. Sreelakshmi, Ch., Shivani, D. and Kumar C. V. S. (2010a). Genetic divergence and stability analysis in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp). Electronic J. Plant Breeding, 1(4): 530-535.
  14. Sreelakshmi, Ch., Shivani, D. and Kumar, C. V. S. (2010b). Adaptability assessment for quantitative traits by stability analysis in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp). Madras Agric. J., 97(10-12): 344-346.
  15. Sreelakshmi, Ch., Shivani, D. and Kumar C.V.S. (2010c). Studies on Genotype x Environment interaction and stability analysis in white seeded pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) genotypes. Legume Res., 33: 217-220.
  16. Singh, M. N., Awashthi, S. K. and Singh, R. S. (2010). Genetic divergence in pigeonpea. J. Food Legumes, 23(1): 82-83.
  17. Thombre, B. B., Aher, R. P. and Dahat, D.V. (2000). Genetic divergence in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. Indian J. Agric. Res., 34: 126-129.

Global Footprints