Crop energy balance study of cotton-chickpea cropping sequence under organic and inorganic fertilizer sources in western Maharashtra

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v39i1.8867    | Article Id: LR-3215 | Page : 79-85
Citation :- Crop energy balance study of cotton-chickpea cropping sequence under organic and inorganic fertilizer sources in western Maharashtra .Legume Research-An International Journal.2016.(39):79-85

Nitin Gudadhe*, M.B. Dhonde,, N.A. Hirwe and N.M. Thete
Address :

Department of Agronomy, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri-413 722, India.


This study was conducted during the year 2006-07 and 2007-08 to determine how energy balances of crop production are affected by cotton-chickpea cropping sequence and different sources of organic and inorganic fertilizer under the semi-arid conditions of western Maharashtra.  The energy input and output, energy balance per unit input ratio and the energy output/input ratio were varied significantly individually to cotton and chickpea during both the years. However on pooled mean basis to  cotton-chickpea cropping sequence, the energy input, output and energy balance were significantly higher by application of (RDF) Recommended Dose of Fertilizer  according to Soil Test Crop Response (STCR) equation to cotton and 100% RDF to chickpea. Significantly higher energy balance per unit input and energy output per input ratio (6.46 MJ/ha and 7.46)  were recorded  by 100% RDF + 10 FYM/ha to cotton and it was 5.72 MJ/ha and 6.72 by 100% RDF to chickpea. Application of RDF according to STCR equation (   64960 and 3.07) to cotton and 100% RDF (    46744 and 2.23) application to chickpea registered higher net monetary returns and benefit cost ratio respectively.


Chickpea Cotton Cropping sequence Energy analysis Inorganic fertilizer Organic manure.


  1. FAO. (2006). FAO Statistical Database [Internet]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [cited 2007 Dec 21]. Available from:
  2. Gawai, P.P. (2003). Effect of integrated nutrient management system in sorghum-chickpea cropping sequence. Ph.D. thesis submitted to M.P.K.V., Rahuri (M.S.).
  3. Hernanz, J.L., Giron, V.S. and Cerisola, C. (1995). Long-term energy use and economic evaluation of three tillage systems for cereal and legume production in central Spain. Soil and Till. Res. 35:183-198.
  4. Moreno, M.M., Lacasta, C., Meco, R. and Moreno C. (2011). Rainfed crop energy balance of different farming systems and crop rotation in a semi-arid environment:Results of a long term trial. Soil and Till. Res. 114:18-27.
  5. Prihar, S.S., Pande, D., Shukla, R.K., Verma, V.K., Chaure, N.K., Choudhary, K.K. and Pandya, K.S. (1999) Energetics, yield, water use and economics of rice based cropping system. Ind. J. Agron. 44(2): 205-209.
  6. Rathke, G.W., Wienhold, B.J., Wilhelm, W.W. and Diepenbrock, W. (2007). Tillage and rotation effect on corn-soybean energy balances in eastern Nebraska. Soil and Till. Res. 97:60-70.
  7. Sharma P., Abrol V., Sharma R.K., (2011). Impact of tillage and mulch management on economics, energy requirement and crop performance in maize–wheat rotation in rainfed subhumid inceptisols, India. Eur.J. Agron. 34:46-51.
  8. Swaminathan, K.R., Murugesan, V. and Narayanan, S. (1994). Energy requirement for crop production in Tamil Nadu. Energy management and conservation in agriculture and food processing (Ed. Verma et al. 1994) USG. Pub. and Dist. Ludhiana. p. 115-119.
  9. Swanton, C.J., Murphy, S.D., Hume, D.J., Clements, D.R.(1996). Recent improvements in the energy efficiency of agriculture: case studies form Ontario, Canada. Agric. Syst. 52: 399-418.
  10. Verma, S.R., Mittal, J.P. and Singh, S. (Ed.). (1994). Energy management and conservation in agricultural production and food processing. USG Publisher and Distribution, Ludhiana. p. 11-14.

Global Footprints