Genetic analysis of BOAA content in grasspea (Lathyrus sativus L.)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0571.2015.00028.4    | Article Id: LR-3062 | Page : 465-468
Citation :- Genetic analysis of BOAA content in grasspea (Lathyrus sativus L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2015.(38):465-468
Swapan K. Tripathy, Rajesh Ranjan, Sasmita Dash, Rajnikant Bharti, D. Lenka, Yagya D. Sethy, D.R. Mishra, Bhumika Ray Mohapatra and Shovina Pal swapankumartripathy@gmail.com
Address : S.K. Sinha Molecular Breeding Laboratory, Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar-751 003, India.

Abstract

Genetics of BOAA (b-N-oxalyl amino alanine) content from a 5x5 full diallel cross of grasspea indicated importance of both dominant and additive gene action. Variety P 27 emerged as a good general combiner for low BOAA content. Among the crosses, P 28/P 505 exhibited negative and significant sca effect indicating non-additive gene action for low BOAA. Study of various genetic parameters revealed that more than two genes or loci with ‘recessive’ and ‘increasing’ alleles might be involved in the synthesis of BOAA in seeds and involvement of modifiers in the background genotype could not be ruled out.

Keywords

BOAA (b-N-oxalyl amino alanine) Diallel analysis Gene action Lathyrus sativus L).

References

  1. Bell, E. A. (1964). Relevance of biochemical taxonomy to the problem of lathyrism. Nature, 203 : 378-80.
  2. Choudhury, D., Tate, M.E., McDonald, G.K. and Hughes, R. (2001). Progress towards reducing seed toxin levels in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.). In: Australian 10th Agronomy Conference held at Hobart, Tasmania, January 2001, www.regional.org.au/au/asa/2001/5/c/choudhury.htm p.1-5.
  3. Dahiya, B.S. and Jeswani, L.M. (1977). Genotype X Environment interactions for neurotoxin principle (BOAA) in grasspea. Indian J. Agril. Sci., 45(9): 437-39.
  4. Grela, E.R., Studzinski, T. and Matras, J. (2001). Antinutritional factors in seeds of Lathyrus sativus cultivated in Poland. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter, 2: 101-104.
  5. Griffing, B.. (1956). The concept of general and specific combining ability in selection to diallel crossing system. Aus. J. Biol. Sci., 9: 463-93.
  6. Hayman, B.I. (1954a). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics, 39: 789-809.
  7. Hayman, B.I. (1954b). The analysis of variance of diallel tables. Biometrics, 10: 235-245.
  8. Kumari, V. (2001). Field evaluation of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus L.) germplasm for its toxicity in the North-Western hills of India. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter, 2: 82-84.
  9. Nerker, Y.S. (1982). Induced variation and response to selection for low neurotoxin content in L. sativus. Indian J. Genet., 42 (2): 175.
  10. Pandey, R.L., Mourya, K.S., Geda, A.K. and Sharma, R.N. (2002). Genetics of seed yield and neurotoxin content in grasspea(Lathyrus sativus l.). Indian J. Genet., 62 (1): 81-82.
  11. Prazybylska, J. and Rymowicz, T. (1965). Free amino acids in different organs of 16 Lathyrus species. Genetic Polonica, 6: 91-124.
  12. Prakash, S., Mishra, B.K. , Adsule, R.N. and Barat, G.K. (1977). Distribution of â -N-oxalyl-L- -B-diaminopropionic acid in different tissues of aging Lathyrus sativus plants. Biochem. Physiol. Pflanzen., 171: 369-374.
  13. Quader, M., Singh, S.P. and Barat, G.K. (1987). Genetic analysis of BOAA content in Lathyrus sativus L. Indian J Genet, 47 (3) : 275-279.
  14. Ramanujam, S., Sethi, K.L. and Rao, S.L.N. (1980). Stability of neurotoxin in Khesari. Indian J Genet, 40: 300-304.
  15. Rao, S.L.N. (1978). A sensitive and specific calorimetric method for determination of á, â-diaminopropionic acid and Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin. Anal Biochem, 86: 386-395.
  16. Sinha, S.K. (2012). Stability of Lathyrus varieties under varied environmental stresses (Personal communication).
  17. Snoad, B. and Arthur, A.B. (1974). Gentical studies of quantitative characters in peas. 3. Seeds and seedling characters in the F2 of a six parent diallel crosses. Euphytica, 23: 105-113.
  18. Srivastava, Y.C. (1976). Genetical studies in Lathyrus sativus. Ph. D. Thesis, Div. of Genetics, IARI, New Delhi p. 83-87.
  19. Urga, K., Fufa, H., Biratu, E. and Husain, A.(2005). Evaluation of Lathyrus sativus cultivated in Ethiopia for proximate composition, minerals, ODAP and antinutritional components. African J. Food Agril. & Nutritional Development (AJFAND), 5(1): 1-15.

Global Footprints