Combining ability and gene action for yield and yield contributing traits in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0571.2015.00062.4    | Article Id: LR-3049 | Page : 546-550
Citation :- Combining ability and gene action for yield and yield contributing traits in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.).Legume Research.2015.(38):546-550
K. M. Boraiah, I. Shanker Goud, Kotreshi Gejli, C. R. Konda Somasekar and M. Vetriventhan bors_km@yahoo.co.in
Address : Department of Genetics and plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur-584 102, India.


Three lines were crossed with seven testers in a L x T mating design to estimate combining ability for yield and its attributing traits in groundnut, Arachis hypogaea L. The variance due to specific combining ability (SCA) was greater than variance due to general combining ability (GCA) for all the characters under study except days to maturity which indicated the role of non-additive gene action in the inheritance of these characters. The parents R-2001-2, ICGV-00451, SEL-1 and GPBD-5 were identified as good general combiners for the most of the yield attributing characters as they recorded high per se with positive significant gca effects for pod yield/plant. Among 21 crosses evaluated, five crosses R-2001-2 x GPBD-5, ICGV-91114 x KRG-1, R-2001-2 x TPT-25, ICGV-00350 x TAG-24 and ICGV-00350 x TMV-2 exhibited high and positive significant sca effects for pod yield/plant.


Combining ability gca effects Gene action sca effects.


  1. Apparao, G. (2000). Heterosis and combining ability analysis for morphological characters and biotic stresses in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). M.Sc (Ag.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharawad.
  2. Jayalakshmi, V., Raja Reddy, C., Reddy, P. V. and Lakshmikantha Reddy, G. (2002). Combining ability analysis of morphological and physiological attributes in groundnut, (Arachis hypogaea L.), Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 36: 177-181.
  3. John, K., Vasanthi, R. P. and Venkateswarlu, O. (2009). Studies in variability and character association in Spanish bunch groundnut. Legume Research, 32: 65-69.
  4. Kempthorne, O. (1957). An Introduction to Genetic Studies. First edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York. pp. 458-471.
  5. Suneetha, K., Dasaraha Rami Reddy, C. and Ramana, J. V. (2006). Line x Tester analysis for combining ability in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). The Andhra Agricultural Journal., 53: 49-52.

Global Footprints