Loading...

Impact of areawide integrated pest management strategies on pests of pigeonpea and yield in Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0571.2015.00017.X    | Article Id: LR-3015 | Page : 101-108
Citation :- Impact of areawide integrated pest management strategies on pests of pigeonpea and yield in Marathwada region of Maharashtra, India.Legume Research.2015.(38):101-108
B.V. Bhede, O. P. Sharma*, A.G. Badgujar, Someshwar Bhagat, B. B. Bhosle, and Mukesh Khullar opsharmadelhi@gmail.com
Address : National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, LBS Building, IARI Campus, New Delhi-110 012, India.

Abstract

Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is an important legume crop of southern Maharashtra, providing high quality protein and animal feed. Insect pests feeding on flowers and pods of this crop are the most important biotic constraint affecting yield to the tune of 60 per cent.  Hitherto, focus of pest management research has been on podborer, Helicoverpa  armigera (Hubner).  With large scale cultivation of transgenic cotton in Maharashtra and climatic changes, pest scenario has changed requiring more attention on  leaf webber, Maruca and pod fly. Hence, area wide implementation of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in pigeopea was implemented during 2010-11 and 2011-12 covering 5 taluks benefitting 2449 farmers of  8 villages. It was observed that use of pesticides based on the “e-Pest monitoring and its subsequent decision support tools” enabled to manage pests with judicious use of pesticides. The pest infestation (pod borer, pod fly, plume moth, flower webber, etc.,) were significantly low as compared to non-IPM with appreciable high population of natural enemies (coccinellids, chrysopa and spiders) were also observed under IPM fields. Timely dissemination of advisories and action has resulted in  higher grain yield of 9.89  q/ha and lower grain damage 5.69 per cent  as compared to non-IPM (13.79 per cent).

Keywords

Area wide integrated pest management Helicoverpa armigera    Melanagromyza obtusa    Pesticides Pigeonpea.

References

  1. Abudulai, M. and Shepard B. M. (2003). Effects of neem (Azadirachta indica, A. juss) on Trissolcus basalis (Wolaston) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasitoid of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptra: Pentatomidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 38: 386-397.
  2. Abudulai, M. and Shepard B. M. (2003). Effects of neem (Azadirachta indica, A. juss) on Trissolcus basalis (Wolaston) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasitoid of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptra: Pentatomidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 38: 386-397.
  3. Abudulai, M., Shepard B. M. and Mitchell P. L. (2001). Parasitism and predation on eggs of Leptoglossus phyllopus (L.) (Hemiptera: Coreidae) in cowpea: impact of endosulfan sprays. J. Agric. Urban Entomol. 18: 105-115.
  4. Babriya , P. M., Kabaria, B. B., Patel, V. N. and Joshi M. D. (2010). Chemical control of gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera Hubner) infesting pigeonpea. Legume Research, 33 (3): 224-226.
  5. Bhoyar, A. S., Siddhabhatti, P. M., Wadaskar, R. M. and Khan, M. I. (2004). Studies on seasonal incidence and biointensive management of pigeonpea pod borer complex. Pestology, 28(9) :32-37.
  6. Bhushan, S. and Nath, P. (2005). Effect of cropping pattern and ecofriendly insecticides on grain damage by insects in pigeonpea. Journal of Experimental zoology India, 8 (1): 175.
  7. Ganapathy, N. (2010). Spotted pod borer, Maruca vitrata Geyer in Legumes: Ecology and management. Madras Agric. J., 97 (7-9) : 199-211.
  8. Gopali, J. B. (1998). Integrated management of pigeonpea pod borer Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) with special reference to HaNPV and insectivorous birds. Ph.D Thesis UAS, Dharward, India, 183 P.
  9. Gopali, J. B., Teggelli, R., Mannur, D. M. and Yelshetty, S. (2010). Web forming lepidopteran, Maruca vitrata (Geyer): an emerging and destructive pest in pigeonpea . Karnataka Agricultural Sciences, 23: 35-39.
  10. Kranthi, K. R., Jadhav, D. R., Kranthi, S., Wanjari, R., Ali, S. S. and Russell D. A. (2002). Insecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India. Crop Production. 21 (6): 449-460.
  11. Kumar Akhilesh and Nath Paras. (2003). Field efficacy of insecticides against pod bug (Clavigrella gibbosa) and pod fly (Melanagromyza obtusa) infesting pigeonpea. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 11 (1): 31-40.
  12. Lateef, S. S. and Reed, W. (1990). Insect pests of pigeonpea. Insects pests of Tropical Legumes, pp 193-242 Singh, S. R. (Ed.).Chichester, UK: Willey.
  13. Mandal, S. M. A. and Mishra, B. K. (2003). Bioefficay of insecticides and biopesticides against pod borers and pod fly on pigeonpea. Journal of Appllied Zoological Research, 14(10): 42-43.
  14. Manjunath, T. M., Bhatnagar, V. S., Pawar, C. S., Sithanathan, S. (1989). Economic importance of Heliothis in India and an assessment of their natural enemies and host plants. Proceeding Workshop Biol. Control of Heliothis increasing the effectiveness of natural enemies. Ed. E. NCIPM 95 G. King, R. D. Jackson, pp. 197-228. New Delhi Far East Reg. Res. Off., US Dep. Agric. 550 pp.
  15. Muthiah, C. and Rabindra, R. J. (1991). Control of gram pod borer (Heliothis armigera) on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) with controlled droplet application of nuclear polyhedrosis virus and effect of oral feeding of virus on mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori). Indian journal of Agricultural Sciences, 61: 449-452.
  16. Romeis, J. and Shanower, T. G. (1996). Arthopod natural enemies of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in India. Bio-control Sciences and Technology, 6:481-508.
  17. Saho, B. K. (2002). Comparative efficacy of synthetic insecticides and plant products against the incidence of pigeonpea pod borers. Indian Journal of Entomology, 64(2): 195-201.
  18. Sahoo, B. K. and Senapati, A. (2000). Efficacy and economics of synthetic insecticides and plant products for the control of pod borers incidence in pigeonpea. Indian Journal of Entomology, 62(4): 346-352.
  19. Sahoo, H. R., Parsai, S. K. and Choudhary, R. K. (1991). Bioefficacy and economics of certain insecticides against pod infesting pests of pigeonpea Cajanus cajan. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 19 (1) : 37-41.
  20. Samiayyan, K. and Gajendran, G. (2009). Evaluation and demonstration of pigeonpea IPM module for pod borer management. Madras Agric. J., 96(7-12): 401-403.
  21. Shanower, T. G., Romeis, J. and Minja, E. M. (1999). Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology, 44 : 77- 96.
  22. Sharma, H.C. (1998). Bionomics, host plant resistance and management of legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata – a review. Crop Prot., 17: 373-386.
  23. Sharma, O. P., Bhosle, B. B., Kamble, K. R., Bhede, B. V. and Seeras, N. R. (2011). Management of pigeonpea pod borers with special reference to pod fly (Melanagromyza obtusa). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 81 (6): 539-543.
  24. Sharma, O. P., Gopali, J. B., Yelshetty, S., Bambawale, O. M., Garg, D. K. and Bhosle, B. B. (2010). Pests of pigeonpea and their Management, Published by Director, NCIPM, New Delhi. Pages 99.
  25. Ujagir, R. (1999). Field efficacy of insecticides against pod borer complex in early pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan (L.) Mills. at Pantnagar, Northern India. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 7 (1): 19-25.
  26. Yadav, G. S. and Dahiya, B. (2004). Evaluation of new insecticides/ chemicals against pod borer and pod fly on pigeonpea. Annals of Biology, 20 (1): 55-56.

Global Footprints