Soil characteristics of soybean fields as effected by compaction, irrigation and fertilization

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.8407    | Article Id: LR-301 | Page : 691-697
Citation :- Soil characteristics of soybean fields as effected by compaction, irrigationand fertilization .Legume Research-An International Journal.2017.(40):691-697

Halil Kirnak, Zeki Gökalp, Ergün Doðan and Osman Çopur

zekigokalp@yahoo.com
Address :

Erciyes University, Agricultural Faculty, Biosystems Eng. Dept., Kayseri, Turkey

Submitted Date : 23-06-2016
Accepted Date : 12-01-2017

Abstract

Soil physical characteristics (penetration resistance, bulk density, temperature, moisture content) and nutrient contents (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) were investigated for soybean grown in Turkey under three different compaction levels (control, low compaction, high compaction), two different irrigation management systems (conventional and alternate furrow irrigation) and three different nitrogen levels (60, 90, 120 kg ha-1). Penetration resistances exhibited distinctive increase in high-compaction case of conventional and alternate furrow irrigation systems. Effects of all treatments on bulk density were found to be significant. Only the nitrogen doses had significant effects on leaf P and K contents at p<0.05 level. Soil compaction had significant effects on soil nutrient contents of all depths except 0-30 cm layer (p<0.01). Effects of compaction on soil temperature were insignificant at 10 cm but were significant at 30 cm. Results indicated that negative impacts of soil compaction could be eliminated with proper irrigation and fertilization implementations. 

Keywords

Bulk density Fertilizer Furrow irrigation Penetration resistance Soil moisture.

References

  1. Ahmed, N., Hassan, F.U. and Belford. R.K. (2009). Effects of soil compaction in the sub-humid cropping environment in Pakistan on uptake of NPK and grain yield in wheat II. Alleviation. Field Crop Res. 110: 61-68
  2. Botta, G., Jorajuria, D. and Rosatto. H. (2006). Ligth tractor frequency on soil compaction in the rolling pampa region of Argentina, Soil Tillage Res 86: 14-19.
  3. Canillas, E.C. and Salokhe V.M. (2002). Modeling compaction in agricultural soils. J Terramechanics, 39: 71-84.
  4. Clark, G.A., Rogers, D.H. and Briggeman. S. (2002). KANSCHED: An ET-based irrigation scheduling tool for Kansas summer annual crops.” Kansas State University Research and Extension Service.
  5. Czyz, E. and Tomaszewska. J. (2004). Changes of aeration conditions and the yield of sugar beet on sandy soil of different density. Pol J Soil Sci. 26: 1-9.
  6. Flowers, M.D. and Lal. R. (1998). Axle load and tillage effects on soil physical properties and soybean grain yield on a mollic ochraqualf in northwest Ohio, Soil Tillage Res. 48: 21–35.
  7. Graterol, Y.E., Eisenhauer, D.E. and Elmore. R.W. (1993). Alternate-furrow irrigation for soybean production. Agr Water Manage 24: 133-145. 
  8. Kaplan, M., Baran, Ö., Ünlükara, A., Kale, H., Arslan, M., Kara, K., Büyükkýlýç, B.S., Konca, Y. And A. Ulaþ. (2016). The Effects of Different Nitrogen Doses and Irrigation Levels on Yield, Nutritive Value, Fermantation and Gas Production of Corn Silage”, Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 21, 101-109
  9. Kirnak, H., Gokalp, Z., Dogan, E. and O. Copur. (2016). Effects of irrigation, soil compaction and fertilization treatments on physiological-vegetative characteristics and root development of soybean. Legume Res. 39(1): 52-60.
  10. Kokten, K., Seydosoglu, S., Kaplan, M., Boydak, E. (2014). “Forage Nutritive Value Of Soybean Varieties”, Legume Res. 37: 201-206.
  11. Motavalli, P.P., Anderson, S.H. and P. Pengthamkeerati. (2003). Surface compaction and turkey litter on corn growth, N availability, and physical properties of a clay-pan soil. Field Crop Res. 84: 303-318.
  12. Pagliai, M., Marsili, A., Servadio, P., Vignozzi, N. and S. Pellegrini. (2003). Changes in some physical properties of a clay soil in central Italy following the passage of rubber tracked and wheeled tractors of medium power. Soil Tillage Res. 73: 119–129.
  13. Radford, B.J, Bridge, B.J., Davis, R.J., Mcgarty, D., Pillai, U.P., Rickman, J.F., Walsh, P.A. and D.F. Yule. (2000). Changes in the properties of Vertisols and responses of wheat after compaction with harvester traffic. Soil Tillage Res. 54: 155–170.
  14. Reintam, E., Trukmann, K., Kuth, J., Nugis, E., Edesi, L., Astover, A., Noormets, M., Kauer, K., Krebstain, K. and K. Rannik. (2009). Soil compaction effects on soil bulk density and penetration resistance and growth of spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science Acta Agric Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Sci. 59: 265-272. 
  15. Richard, G., Cousýn, I., Sillon, J.F., Bruand, A. and Guerif. J. (2001). Effect of compaction on the porosity of a silty soil: influence on unsaturated hydraulic properties. Eur J Soil Sci. 52: 49–58.
  16. Salvagiotti, F., Cassman, K.G., Specht, J.E., Walters, D.T., Weiss, A. and Dobermann, A. (2008). Nitrogen uptake, fixation and response to fertilizer N in soybeans: A review. Field Crops Res. 108: 1-13.
  17. Soane, B.D. and C. Van Ouwerkerk. (1995). Implications of soil compaction in crop production for the quality of the environment. Soil Tillage Res. 35: 5-22. 
  18. Tüzüner, A., Korucu, N., Börekçi, M., Gedikoðlu, Ý., Sönmez, B., Eyyüboglu, F. and A. Aðar. (1990). Soil and water analyses laboratory handbook. General Directorate of Rural Affairs, Ankara, Turkey. 

Global Footprints