Effects of planting density on pod development and yield of peanuts under the pattern of precision planted peanuts
 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-299    | Article Id: LR-299 | Page : 901-905
Citation :- Effects of planting density on pod development and yield of peanuts under the pattern of precision planted peanuts.Legume Research-An International Journal.2017.(40):901-905
Changxing Zhao, Changliang Shao, Zhenling Yang, Yuefu Wang, Xiaojun Zhang, Minglun Wang and Milton E. McGiffen Jr zhaochangxing@126.com
Address : Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Dryland Farming Technology, College of Agronomy, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, Shandong, China
Submitted Date : 7-06-2016
Accepted Date : 31-03-2017

Abstract

Understanding the effects of different sowing patterns and densities on plant growth characters and yield of peanut is essential for the design and adjustment of management practices that allow improvement and stabilization of peanut production. In the present study, Arachis hypogaea L. cv. Luhua 11 was used to determine the effects of planting density on pod development and yield of peanuts under the mode of single seeded precision sowing through field experiments. The results showed that an appropriate precision sowing density of 195,000-225,000 per hectare leads to an optimal pod number to produce pods, with dry matter accumulation resulting in significantly increased pod yield and harvest index(HI). When the same area sowing seed number of 255,000 per hectare, the kernel yield, pod yield, and HI  per plant of the single seeded precision sowing method were higher than those of the double seeded precision sowing method. 

Keywords

Arachis hypogaea L Planting density Pod development Yield and Single seeded sowing.

References

  1. Boote, K.J. (1982). Growth stages of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Peanut Sci., 9: 35-40.
  2. Chen, J.S., Li. W.J., Wu. X.L., Zhang. L.M., Mu. X.L., Ren. Z.H. and Zhang. Y.Y. (2013). Effects of different planting patterns on the development and yield of peanut. J. Peanut Sci., 42 (2): 45-48.
  3. Chen, L., Jing. X.Q. and Xu. E. (2012). Studies on maize varieties screening under single-grain precision sowing. Agri. Tech. Comm., 5: 56-60.
  4. Feng, Y., Guo. F., Li. B.L., Meng. J.J., Li. X.G. and Wan. S.B. (2013). Effects of single-seed sowing on root growth, root-shoot ratio and yield in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Acta Agro. Sinica., 39 (12): 2228"2237.
  5. Gao, F., Zhai. Z.X. and Wang. M.L. (2011). Effects of plant density on photosynthetic characteristics and yield in summer-planting peanut. Chin. Agri. Sci. Bull., 27 (9): 302-323.
  6. Gardner, F.P. and. Auma. E.Q (1989). Canopy structure, light interception and yield and market quality of peanut genotypes as influenced by planting pattern and planting date. Field Crop Res., 20: 13-29.
  7. Ge, Z.W. and Yang. L.Y. (2002). Influence of different planting density on the growth and yield of peanut. J. Peanut Sci., 31 (3): 33-35.
  8. Giayetto, O., Cerioni. G.A. and AmŠn. M.S. (2003). Use of asymptotic model to obtain optimum plant density in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). J. Peanut Sci., 32 (1): 1-6.
  9. Guo, F., Wan. S.B., Wang. C.B., X.G.Li., Xu. P.L. and Zhang. B. (2008). Comparative study on peanut plant growth and development, photosynthesis for different peanut variety types under single-seed planting. J. Peanut Sci., 37 (4): 18-21.
  10. Jaffar, Z. and Gardner. F.D. (1988). Canopy development, yield and market quality in peanut as affected by genotype and planting pattern. Crop Sci., 28: 299-305.
  11. Li, A.D., Ren. W.G., Wang. C.B. and Sha. J.F. (2004). Studies on plant development characters of high-yield cultured peanut and supporting techniques under single-seed precision sowing. J. Peanut Sci., 33 (2): 17-22.
  12. Rasekh, H., Asghari. J., Masoumi. S.L. and Safarzadeh Vishkahi. M.N. (2009). Effect of planting pattern and plant density on physiological characteristics of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) grown in Guilan, Northen Iran. Iran J. Field Crop Sci., 40 (3): 171-180.
  13. Supraptoa, A., Yogi Sugitob. Y., Sitompul. S.M. and Sudaryonoc. (2013). Study of growth, yield and radiation energy conversion efficiency on varieties and different plant population of peanut. Procedia Envi. Sci., 17: 37-45.
  14. Shen, Y.J. and Chen. W.M. (1993). Studies on seed reduction and hole increase of plastic-mulching summer-planting peanut. Laiyang Agri. Colle., 10 (1): 1-4.
  15. Song, W., Zhao, C.X., Wang. Y.F., Wang. M.L., Cheng. X. and Kang. Y.J. (2011). Influence of different planting patterns on field microclimate effect and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Acta Eco. Sin., 31 (23): 7188-7195.
  16. Wan, S.B., Y.P. Zheng., D.Z. Liu., B. Cheng., Z., Wu. F., Chen. D.X. and Wang. C.B. (2006). Optimization of peanut-wheat intercropping system on date, fertilizer and density. Chin. J. Oil Crop Sci., 28 (3): 319-323.
  17. Wang, C.B., Cheng. B., Chi. Y.C., Sun. X.S., Zhang. J.M., Miao. F.Z. and Yu. R.E. (1996). Study on population density of high yield peanut under single-seed planting. Peanut Sci. Tech., (3): 17-19.
  18. Wang, C.B., Cheng. B., Zheng. Y.P., Chi. Y.C., Sun. X.S., Yu. R.E. and Miao. F.Z. (1999). Effects of different planting pattern and density on yield, yield characters and canopy characters under high-yield conditions. J. Peanut Sci., (1): 12-14.
  19. Wang, H.X., Wu. Z.P., Su. J.W., Wang. R., Cai. L.F., Guan. B., Lu. Y. and Luo. Z.X. (2013). Research on the suitable plant density of single and double seed sowing methods of peanut in the arid area of the west of Liaoning Province. China J. Oil Crop Sci., 10: 351-353.
  20. Wu, J.H., Zhang. J.M., Xiao. S.J., Li. K., Liu. W.X. and Zhou. S. (2005). Effect of different planting period and density rate on main agronomy characters and yields of Spanish peanut variety Yuanza9307. Chin. Agri. Sci. Bull., 21 (9): 151-153.
  21. Zhang, Z.X. and Wang. Y.L. (1999). Single-grain planting high breeding technology for new peanut variety Huaxuan 1. J. Peanut Sci., (1): 33-34.
  22. Zhao, C.X., Shao. C.L., Wang. Y.F., Song. C.X. and Wang. M.L. (2013). Effects of different planting densities on population ecological characteristics and yield of peanut under the mode of single-seed precision sowing. J. Agri., 3 (2): 1-5. 
  23. Zhao, X., Tang. B.J., Feng. B.R., Liu. M.T., Huang. L., Xia. L.K., Ding. Y., Li. L.H. and Zhao. F.X. (2011). Primary exploration on harvest date and seed dehydration rate in later developmental period of single-grain-sown maize varieties. Acta Agri. Jiangxi., 23 (10): 44-45.
  24. Zheng, Y.P., Wang. C.B., Cheng. B., Wu. Z.F., Jiang. S.Q., Sun. X.S. and Chen. D.X. (2007). Yield effect and optimized-measure combination of N fertilizer and plant density for different peanut variety types under single-seed planting. Agri. Res. Arid. Areas., 25 (1): 201-205.
  25. Zheng, Y.P., Xu. T.T., Zheng. Y.M., Sun. K.X., and Wang. C.B. (2012). Study on single-seed sowing density of peanut under different planting patterns. Substrop Agri. Res., 8 (2): 82-84. 

Global Footprints