Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 38 issue 1 (february 2015) : 24-29

Combining ability and heterosis studies for some biometrical traits in lentil under sub-mountain Himalayan region

Naresh Kumar*, B.C. Sood, R.K. Chahota, T.R. Sharma, Mohar Singh
1Department of Crop Improvement, CSK HPKV, Palampur-176 062, India.
Cite article:- Kumar* Naresh, Sood B.C., Chahota R.K., Sharma T.R., Singh Mohar (2024). Combining ability and heterosis studies for some biometrical traits in lentil under sub-mountain Himalayan region. Legume Research. 38(1): 24-29. doi: 10.5958/0976-0571.2015.00004.1 .
The study was undertaken to develop and identify high yielding and better quality cultivars through line x tester analysis. Seventeen genotypes and 30 F1 hybrids obtained by crossing 15 lines and 2 testers in line x tester mating system were sown in randomized complete block design. Significant differences were observed among parents for all the traits except seeds per pod. Lines L-658, L-666, L-407, L-354 and PL-406 were good general combiners for seed yield and most of its components, whereas L-617, L-737, L-635, L-412 were good general combiners for yield and quality components and L-649 was good general combiner for earliness. The specific cross combinations Vipasa x L-412, PL-406 x L-617, Vipasa x L-620, PL-406 x L-651, PL-406 x L-630, Vipasa x L-649 and PL-406 x L-635 were outstanding for seed yield and most of its components. Based on per se performance, sca effects and standard heterosis, cross combination PL-406 x L-649 was best for days to 50% flowering; PL-406 x L-651 best for pods per plant; Vipasa x L-652 and PL-406 x L-354 were observed to be best for protein content. The early flowering genotypes (PL-406 x L-649) identified in the present study may be exploited for the development of drought tolerant lentil genotypes.
  1. Adeyanju, A. O. (2009). Genetics of harvest index and leaf-yield indices in cowpea. J. Crop Improvement 23(3): 266-274.
  2. AOAC. (1970). Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis. 11th Edn. Washington, DC. p 438
  3. Basbag, S. Ekinci, R. and Gencer, O. (2007). Combining ability and heterosis for earliness characters in line x tester population of Gossypium hirsutum L. - Hereditas 144:185-190.
  4. Bastin, M. and Unluer, O. (1972). Effects of actinomycin D on the formation of enzymes in Jerusalem artichoke tuber discs. Planta 102: 357-361
  5. Ceyhan, E. (2003). Determination of some agricultural characters and their heredity through line x tester method in pea parents and crosses. Selcuk Univ., Graduate School Nat. Appl. Sci. p. 103.
  6. Chauhan, M. P. and Singh, I. S. (1996). Studies on combining ability for biological yield, plant spread and plant height over two years in lentil. Legume Res. 19(3/4): 218-222
  7. Gnanasekaran, M. Vivekanandan, P. and Muthuramu, S. (2006). Combining ability and heterosis for yield and grain quality in two line rice (Oryza sativa L.) hybrids. Indian. J. Genet. 66(1): 6-9.
  8. Gravois, K. A. and McNew, R. W. (1993). Combining ability and heterosis in US southern long grain rice. Crop Sci. 33: 83-86
  9. Gupta, S. K., Singh, S. and Kumar, A. (2003). Heterosis for seed yield and its component traits in desi x desi and desi x kabuli crosses of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Crop Improvement. 30: 203-207.
  10. Hedge, V. S. Yadav, S. S. and Kumar, J. (2007). Heterosis and combining ability for biomass andharvest index in chickpea under drought–prone short–duration environment. Euphytica, 157(12): 223-230.
  11. Horn, M. J., Jones, D. B. and Blum, A. E. (1946). Colorimetric determination of methionine in proteins and foods. J Bio. Chem. 116: 313-320
  12. http//faostat.fao.org. http://www.inspection.gc.ca
  13. Kempthorne, O. (1957). An Introduction to Genetic Statistics. John Wiley & Sons.
  14. Kenga, R., Albani, S. O. and Gupta, S. C. (2004). Combining ability studies in tropical sorghum [Sorghum bicolor L. (Meonch)]. Field Crop Res. 88: 251-260.
  15. Kumar, A., Singh, D. P. and Singh, B. B. (1996). Combining ability analysis in lentil. Indian J Gene. and Plant Breed. 56: 173-177
  16. Manivannan, N. and Ganesan, J. (2001). Line × tester analysis over environments in sesame. India. J. Agric. Res. 35(4): 225-258
  17. Marilia, C. F., Servio, T. C., Vatter, O. R., Clibas, V. and Siu, T. M. (2001). Combining ability for nodulation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotype from Andean and middle American gene pools. Euphytica. 118: 265-270.
  18. Mertz, E.T., Jambunathan, R. and Misra, P. S. (1975). In Protein Quality, Agric Experiment Stn. Bull No. 70 Purdue University, USA:11
  19. Singh, K. B. (1971). Heterosis breeding in pulse crops. 5th All India Pulse Conference Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, March 18-20, 1971.
  20. Thirumeni, S., Subramanian, M. and Paramasivam, K. (2000). Combining ability and gene action in rice. Trop. Agric. Res. 12: 375-385.

Editorial Board

View all (0)