Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 40 issue 2 (april 2017) : 325-330

Influence of year and row spacing on yield component and seed yield in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)

Wenxu Zhang, *, Fangshan Xia, Ying Li, Mingya Wang, Peisheng Mao*
1<p>Key Laboratory of Eco-Environment-Related Polymer Materials, Ministry of Education of China, Key Laboratory of Gansu Polymer Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, 730070 Lanzhou, China<br /> &nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- Zhang Wenxu, *, Xia Fangshan, Li Ying, Wang Mingya, Mao* Peisheng (2016). Influence of year and row spacing on yield component andseed yield in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) . Legume Research. 40(2): 325-330. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.6838.

A 5 year field experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of different yearly climatic features and row spacing on seed yield and seed yield components during the 2008-2012 growing seasons in semi-arid soils in northwest China. Rows pacing treatments were 30, 60, 90, and 120 cm. Seed yield and some seed yield components were determined for all treatments. The year affected seed yield components markedly, but row spacing except for the quantity of seeds per pod. The interaction of year and row spacing have a significant impact on racemes per square meter and seed yield (P<0.05). The highest seed yield was gained in the fifth year (409.83 kg ha-1) with 60 cm row spacing (456.30kg ha-1). These results indicated that alfalfa should be planted with 60cm row spacing, which was most productive for improving the alfalfa seed yield in semi-arid lands.

  1. Abadouz, G., Abdollah, H. G., Abdol, A. R. and Behradfar, A. (2010). Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on yield component and seed yield of alfalfa. Not. Sci. Biol. 2: 74-80.

  2. Antoniani, C. (1972). Trials of cultural techniques for the production of seed of Lucerne in the Bologna Plain. Herbage abstracts. 42: 26-46.

  3. Bilgili, U., Sincik, M., Uzun, A. and Acikgos, E. (2003). The influence of row spacing and seeding rate on seed yield and yield components of forage Turnip. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 189: 250-254.

  4. Bolaños-Aguilar, E. D., Huyghe, C., Ecalle, C., Hacquet, J. and Julier, B. (2002). Effect of cultivar and environment on seed yield in Alfalfa. Crop Sci. 42: 45-50. 

  5. Bolaños-Aguilar, E. D., Huyghe, C., Djukic, D., Julier, B. and Escalle, C. (2000). Genetic control of alfalfa seed yield and its components. Plant Breed. 120: 67-72.

  6. Falcinelli, M. (2000). Temperate forage seed production: conventional and potential breeding strategies. International Herbage Seed Production Research Group Newsletter. 31: 7-15.

  7. Idris, A. L. Y. (2008). Effect of seed size and plant spacing on yield and yield components of faba bean. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 4: 146-148.

  8. Karamanos, A. J., Papastylianou, P. T., Stavrou, J. and Avgoulas, C. (2009). Effects of water shortage and air temperature on seed yield and seed performance of lucerne in a Mediterranean Environment. J. Agron. Crop Sci. 195: 408-    419.

  9. Kephart, K. D., Twidwell, E. K., Bortnem, R. and Boe, A. (1992). Alfalfa yield component responses to seeding rate several years after establishment. Agron. J. 84: 827-831.

  10. Koocheki, A. and Marashi, H. (1989). The effect of plant spacing and cutting treatments on seed yield of alfalfa. Mashhad. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 3: 50-64. 

  11. Koocheki, A., Khaki, V. and Elahi, T. (1987). The effect of seed rates on yield of seed, straw and component of seed yield of alfalfa. Mashhad. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 1: 35-42. 

  12. Kowithayakorn, L. and Hill, M. J. (1982). A study of seed production of Lucerne under different plant spacing and cutting treatments in the sowing year. Seed Sci. Technol. 10: 3-12.

  13. Ozlem, A. and Geren, H. (2007). Evaluation of heritability and correlation for seed yield components in Faba Bean. J. Agron. 5: 1-4.

  14. Pederson, M. W. (1957). Effects of thinning an established stand, of nitrogen supply, and temperature on nectar secretion in alfalfa. Bot. Gaz. 119: 119-122.

  15. Pederson, M. W. and McAllister, D. R. (1955). Growing alfalfa for seed. Utah Agric. Exp. Stn. Circ. 135: 42-59.

  16. Rincker, C. M. (1976). Alfalfa seed yield from seeded rows vs. spaced transplants. Crop Sci. 16: 268-270.

  17. Taylor, A. G. and Mirabel, V. L. (1986). Lucerne irrigation and soil water use during bloom and seed set on a red-brown earth in S. E. Australia. Aust. J. Exp. Agr. 26: 577-581.

  18. Tiejun, Z., Xianguo, W., Jianguo, H., Yunwen, W., Peisheng, M. and Majerus, M. (2008). Effects of between-row and within-row spacing on alfalfa seed yields. Crop Sci. 48: 794-803.


Editorial Board

View all (0)