Article Id: LR-2910 | Page : 442-447
K. Karthikeyan*, Pushpanjali, Jagdish Prasad and Dipak Sarkar mailtokarthik77@gmail.com
Address : National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Nagpur- 440 033, India.


The study is aimed to analyze the soil-site suitability and assessment of productive potential of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) in Dhar district, Madhya Pradesh, India.   Soybean is a rainfed crop pre-dominantly grown in shrink-swell soils of Malwa Plateau. Seven typical pedons (Vertisols) were studied for their  suitability and productivity evaluation through bio-physical and soil site parameters. These soils were slightly to strongly alkaline (pH 7.6 to 9.0) with bulk density of 1.6 to 1.7 Mg m-3 .  These soils had clay content ranging from 21.0 to 60.1 per cent with high clay CEC (> 54 c mol p (+) kg -1 ) and available water content (>8.59 per cent).  Parametric land evaluation techniques (Sys, Riquier’s and Storie) were compared and found that the Riquire index was more reliable than the other two methods in assessment of productive potential for soybean.  The criteria indicated that these soils are marginally suitable as per Sys criteria, good (Riquier index) and fair to poor (Storie Index).  The results warrant for re-parameterization in Storie and Sys suitability criteria as the results did not reflect the ground reality of soybean yield in study area.


Riquier’s productivity index Soybean Storie index Sys suitability assessment.


  1. Anonymous, (2010).Agricultural Statistics of India. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  2. Bhatnagar, P.S. and Joshi, O.P.(2004). Current status of soybean production and utilization in India. In: Proceedings of VII World Soybean Research Conference, IV International Soybean Processing and Utilization Conference, III Congresso Mundial de Soja (Brazilian Soybean Congress), Embrapa Soybean, Londina, Brazil, pp. 26–37.
  3. Han, T., Wu, C., Tong, Z., Rao, S.M., Tan, K. and Gai, J. ( 2006). Post flowering photoperiod regulates vegetative growth and reproductive development of soybean, Environ. Exper. Bot .55: 120-129.
  4. Haskett, J.D., Pachepsky, Y.V and Acock, B. (2000). Effect of climate and atmospheric change on soybean water stress: a study of Iowa, Ecol. Model. 135: 265-277.
  5. Jackson, M.L. (1979). Soil Chemical Analysis-Advanced Course, 2nd edn, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
  6. Jagdish Prasad and Hajare.T.N. (1992). Performance of two soybean (glycine max) varieties under different agronomic practices in Vertic Ustocherpts soils of Vidarbha. Indian Agron. J.. 37(2):366-368
  7. Joshi, O.P. and Bhatia, V.S.(2003). Stress management in soybean. In: Singh, H., Hegde, D.M. Eds.), Souvenir. National seminar on stress management in oilseeds for attaining self-reliance in vegetable oils. Indian Society of Oilseeds Research, Hyderabad, India, pp. 13–25.
  8. Lal, M., Singh, M.M., Srinivasan, G., Rathore, L.S., Naidu, D., and Tripathi, C.N.(1999) Growth and yield response of soybean in Madhya Pradesh India to climate variability and change. Agric. For. Meteorol. 93: 53-70.
  9. Lingade, S. R., Srivastava, R.,Jagdish Prasad and Saxena, R.K. (2008). Occurrence of sodic Vertisols in Nagpur district, Maharashtra. J. Indian Soc. Sci 56(1): 231-232.
  10. Pal, D.K., Bhattacharyya, T., Ray, S.K., Chandran, P., Srivastava, P., Durge, S.L. and Bhuse, S.R. (2006). Significance of soil modifiers (Ca-zeolites and gypsum) in naturally degraded Vertisols of the Peninsular India in redefining the sodic soils. Geoderma 136: 210-218.
  11. Paroda, R.S.(1999). Status of soybean research and development in India. In: Kauffman, H.E. (Ed.), Proceedings of VI World Soybean Research Conference, Chicago, IL, USA, pp. 13–23.
  12. Peters, D.B. and Johnson, L.C. (1960).Soil moisture use by soybean. Agron. J. 52: 687-689.
  13. Piper ,C. S., 1950. Soil and Plant Analysis,. Interscience publisher, Inc. New York. Pp. 368.
  14. Richard, L. A. (1965). Physical condition of water in soil. (In) Methods of Soil Analysis, Part I.
  15. Riquier, J., Bramao, D. L. and Comet, J. P. (1970). A new system of appraisal in terms of actual and potential productivity. FAO Soil Resources, Development and Conservation Services, Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome, Italy.
  16. Soil Survey Staff. (2006). Keys to Soil Taxonomy. 10th edn, USDA, Natural Resources conservation Service, Washington, DC.
  17. Soil Survey Division Staff. (2000). Soil Survey Manual (Indian print), USDA Handbook No. 18, US government printing office, Washington, DC.
  18. Storie, R. and Earl, R. (1978). Storie Index Soil Rating, Special Publication, 3203, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Universityof California, USA.
  19. Sys Ir C, E Van Kanst, Debaveye J and Beernaert F. (1993). Land evaluation crop requirements. Agricultural Publication No. 7, Part III, General, FAO, Rome, Italy.
  20. Wang, D., Shannon, M.C. and Grieve, C.M. (2001). Salinity reduces radiation absorbtion and use efficiency in soybean. Field Crops Res., 69: 267-277.
  21. Wang, Z., Reddy, V.R. and Quebedeaux, B. (1997). Growth and photosynthetic response of soybean to short-term cold temperature. Environ. Exper. Bot . 37: 13-24.

Global Footprints