Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.67

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 39 issue 6 (december 2016) : 976-981

Effect of intercropping of corn and soybean on dry matter yield and nutritive value of forage corn 

Ali Baghdadi1, Ridzwan A. Halim1*, Ali Ghasemzadeh1, Mahdi Ebrahimi2, Radziah Othman3, Martini Mohammad Yusof1
1<p>Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture,&nbsp;Universiti Putra Malaysia,43400 Serdang, Malaysia.</p>
Cite article:- Baghdadi1 Ali, Halim1* A. Ridzwan, Ghasemzadeh1 Ali, Ebrahimi2 Mahdi, Othman3 Radziah, Yusof1 Mohammad Martini (2016). Effect of intercropping of corn and soybean on dry matteryield and nutritive value of forage corn . Legume Research. 39(6): 976-981. doi: 10.18805/lr.v39i6.6643.

Cereal-based forage production could be considered to have potential to supply great deal of energy-rich feed in animal diets. Experiment was conducted to evaluate effect of corn-soybean combinations of 75:25, 50:50 and 25:75 in addition to monocrops of corn and soybean to detremine forage dry matter (DM) yield and quality in corn-soybean intercropping. The crop combination ratio had significant effects on dry matter yield and nutritive quality of forage. The ratio of 75:25 and 50:50 recorded DM yields similar to those of monocropped corn (14.77 t/ha). Forage quality in terms of crude protein (CP) (75:25 ratio 12.75%, 50:50 ratio 13.73% and 25:75 ratio 14.68%) was improved by intercropping due to higher nitrogen availability for corn in intercropping compared with its sole crop (10.83% CP). Increase ratio of corn in corn-soybean mixture, negatively affectd neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) of forage and declined with increasing ratio of soybean plants. Combination ratio of 50:50 gave higher protein yield (1886.45 kg/ha) than other crop combination ratio. Among all the combination ratios, the 50:50 corn-soybean ratio was the optimum giving highest forage yield, protein content as well as protein yield.

  1. Acikgoz, E. (2001). Forage Crops. University of Uludag, Publication No. 182. Bursa, Turkey, 584 pp.

  2. Altin, M. (1982). Hay and crude protein yield, crude protein ratios and botanical compositions in different seeding patterns of their mixtures and some forage crops. I. Hay and crude protein yield. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 6: 93-108.

  3. Armstrong, K. L., Albrecht, K. A., Lauer, J. G. and Riday, H. (2008). Intercropping corn with lablab bean, velvet bean, and scarlet runner bean for forage. Crop Science, 48: 371-379.

  4. Ayub, M., Tanveer, A., Nadeem, M. A., Tahir, M. and Ibrahim, M. (2008). Effect of seed proportion and nitrogen application on forage yield and nutritive value of barley-pea mixture harvested at different times. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science, 6: 135-139. 

  5. Baghdadi, A., Halim, R. A., Othman, R. and Martini, M. . (2014). Increased Forage Protein through Corn and Legume Intercropping. International Agriculture Congress (IAC), 25-27 November 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

  6. Chen, C., Westcott, M., Neill, K., Wichman, D. and Knox, M. (2004). Row configuration and nitrogen application for barley–pea intercropping in Montana. Agronomy Journal, 96: 1730-1738.

  7. Choukan, R. (1997). Comparison of Corn Silage Hybrids Varieties for Yield and Yield Components. Seed and Plant, 12: 36-40.

  8. Dahmardeh, M., Ghanbari-Bonjar, A., Syasar, B. and Ramroudi, M. (2009). Effect of intercropping maize (Zea mays L.) with cow pea (Vigna unguiculata L.) on green forage yield and quality evaluation. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 8: 235.

  9. Dawo, M. I., Wilkinson, J. M., Sanders, F. E. and Pilbeam, D. J. (2007). The yield and quality of fresh and ensiled plant material from intercropped maize (Zea mays L.) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 87: 1391-1399.

  10. Dhima, K. V., Vasilakoglou, I. B., Keco, R. X., Dima, A. K., Paschalidis, K. Á. and Gatsis, T. D. (2014). Forage yield and competition indices of faba bean intercropped with oat. Grass and Forage Science, 69: 376-383.

  11. Eskandari, H. (2012). Yield and Quality of forage produced in intercropping of maize (Zea mays L.) with cowpea (Vignasinensis L.) and Mungbean (Vigna radiate L.) as double cropped. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2: 93-97.

  12. Eskandari, H., Ghanbari-Bonjar, A., Galavi, M. and Salari, M. (2009). Forage quality of cow pea (Vigna sinensis) intercropped with corn (Zea mays L.) as affected by nutrient uptake and light interception. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 37: 171-174.

  13. Foster, A. and Malhi, S. S. (2013). Influence of Seeding date on growing season’s conditions on forage yield and quality of four annual crops in Northeastern Saskatchewan. Communication in Soil Science and Plants Analysis, 44: 884-    891. 

  14. Ghanbari-Bonjar, A. (2000). Intercropped wheat and bean as a low-input forage(Doctoral dissertation, PhD thesis. Wye College, University of London, Kent, UK).

  15. Hulet, H., Gosseye, P. and ILCA, B. (1986). Effect of intercropping cowpea on dry-matter and grain yield of millet in the semi-arid zone of Mali. In Proc. workshop on potentials of forage legumes in farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa. International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis Ababa (pp. 379-396). I.

  16. Ibrahim, M., Rafiq, M., Sultan, A., Akram, M. and Goheer, M. A. (2006). Green fodder yield and quality evaluation of maize and cowpea sown alone and in combination. Journal of Agricultural Research, 44: 15-22.

  17. Jafari, A., Connolly, V., Frolich, A. and Walsh, E. K. (2003). A note on estimation of quality in perennial ryegrass by near infrared spectroscopy. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 42: 293-299.

  18. Javanmard, A., Dabbagh-Mohammadi, A., Nasab, A., Javanshir, A., Moghadam, M. and Janmohammadi, H. (2009). Forage yield and quality in intercropping of maize with different legumes as double-cropped. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 7: 163-166.

  19. Kristensen, V. F. (1992). The production and feeding of whole–crop cereals and legumes in Denmark. In Stark, B.A. and Wilkinson, J.M. (eds). Whole-Crop Cereals. 2nd edn. Chalcombe Publication, Lincoln, UK, pp. 21-37.

  20. Kumar, A., Singh, S. N. and Giri, G. (2003). Influence of planting pattern and nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on maize (Zea mays) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) in intercropping. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 48: 89-92.

  21. Lauriault, L. M. and Kirksey, R. E. (2004). Yield and nutritive value of irrigated cereal forage grass-legume intercrops in the southern high plains, USA. Agronomy Journal, 96: 352-358.

  22. Lithourgidis, A. S., Dhima, K. V., Vasilakoglou, I. B., Dordas, C. A. and Yiakoulaki, M. D. (2007). Sustainable production of barley and wheat by intercropping common vetch. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 27: 95-99.

  23. Lithourgidis, A. S., Vasilakoglou, I.B., Dhima, K. V., Dordas, C. A. and Yiakoulaki, M. D. (2006). Forage yield and quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios. Field Crops Research, 99: 106-113.

  24. Liu, J. H., Zeng, Z. H., Jiao, L. X., Hu, Y. G., Wang, Y. and Li. H. (2006). Intercropping of different silage maize cultivars and alfalfa. Acta Agronomica, 32:125-130.

  25. Mlynár, R., Rajèáková, ¼. and Gallo, M. (2004). The effect of Lactobacillus buchneri on fermentation process and aerobic stability of maize silage. Risk factors of food chain, Nitra, SPU, 170 – 172.

  26. NRC (National Research Council). (2001). Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle, 7th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Sci.,Washington, D.C.

  27. Sadeghpour, A., Jahanzad, E., Hashemi, M., Esmaeili, A. and Herbert, S. J. (2013). Intercropping annual medic with barley may improve total forage and crude protein yield in semi-arid condition. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7:1822–1828.

  28. Sánchez, D. R., Silva, J. E., Gil, A. P., Corona, J. S., Wong, J. C. and Mascorro, A. G. (2010). Forage yield and quality of intercropped corn and soybean in narrow strips. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 713-721.

  29. SAS Institute. (2003). User’s Guide. Statistics. Version 9.1. SAS Inst., Cary, NC, pp. 60-66.

  30. Shenk, J. S. and Westerhaus, M. O. (1991). Population structuring of near infrared spectra and modified partial least squares regression. Crop Science, 31: 1694–1696.

  31. Strydhorst, S. M., King, J. R., Lopetinsky, K. J. and Harker, K. N. (2008). Forage potential of intercropping barley with faba bean, lupin, or field pea. Agronomy Journal, 100: 182-190.


Editorial Board

View all (0)