Mitigation of drought stress by foliar application of salicylic acid and potassium in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.)

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v39i2.9532    | Article Id: LR-245 | Page : 208-214
Citation :- Mitigation of drought stress by foliar application of salicylic acidand potassium in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) .Legume Research.2016.(39):208-214

Sadia Majeed, Muhammad Akram1*, Muhammad Latif, Muhammad Ijaz2 and Mubshar Hussain3

Address :

Department of Agronomy, University College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Submitted Date : 30-07-2015
Accepted Date : 9-02-2016


An experiment was conducted to investigate the mitigation of drought stress by foliar application of salicylic acid and potassium in mung bean. Treatments comprised of three drought stress (control, drought stress at flowering stage and drought stress at flowering and pod formation stages) and foliar application salicylic acid (100 ppm) alone and in combination with potassium (1%). Irrigation missing at flowering stage, affected less the growth and yield as compared with irrigation missing at both flowering and pod formation stage. Exogenous application of salicylic acid and potassium could mitigate the adverse effects of drought stress significantly.


Drought stress Foliar spray Mungbean Potassium Salicylic acid.


  1. Anonymous. (2008-09). Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Economic Wing, Islamabad-Pakistan. pp. 1 and 46.
  2. Aslam, M., Khan, I.A., Saleem, M. and Ali, Z. (2006). Assessment of water stress tolerance in different maize accessions at germination and early growth stage. Pak. J. Bot. 38: 1571-1579. 
  3. Ashraf, M., Din, M. and Warrich, N. (2003). Production efficiency of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) as affected by seed inoculation and NPK application. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 5: 179-180.
  4. Beg, M.Z. and Sohrab, A. (2012). Effect of potassium on moog bean. J. Life Sci. 1: 109-114. 
  5. Cakmak, I. (2005). The role of potassium in alleviating detrimental effects of abiotic stresses in plants. J. Plant Nutrit. Soil Sci. 168: 521-530.
  6. Clarke, J. M. (1987). Use of physiological and morphological traits in breeding programmes to improve drought resistance of cereals. In: J. P. Srivastava, E. Porcedo, E. Acevedo and S. Varma (Eds.), Drought Tolerance in Winter Cereals, pp 171–190. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  7. Daneshmand, F., Arvin, M. J. and Kalantari Kh, M. (2010). Acetyl salicylic acid ameliorates negative effects of NaCl or osmotic stress in Solanum stoloniferum in vitro. Biologia Plantarum 54: 781-784.
  8. El-Hendaway, S., Shaban, W. and Sakagami, J.I. (2011). Does treating faba bean seeds with chemical inducers simultaneously increase chocolate spot disease resistance and yield under field conditions. Turkish J. Agric. Forest. 34: 475-485. 
  9. El-Tayeb, M. A. (2005). Response of barley grains to the interactive effect of salinity and salicylic acid. Plant Growth Regulat. 45: 215-224.
  10. Haqqani, A.M. and Pandey, R.K. (1994). Response of mung bean to water stress and irrigation at various growth stages and plant densities: II. yield and yield components. Tropical Agric. 71: 289-294. 
  11. Hunt, R. (1978). Plant growth analysis. Studies in Biology No. 96. Edward Arnold, London: 26-38. 
  12. Hussain, G. and Al-Jaloud, A.A. (1995). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on water use efficiency of wheat in Saudi Arabia. Agric. Water Manag. 43: 143-153. 
  13. Khan, W., Prithiviraj, B. and Smith, D.L. (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol. 160: 485-492. 
  14. Khattak, G.S.S., Ashraf, M. and Khan, M.S. (2004). Assessment of genetic variation for yield and yield components in mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] using generation mean analysis. Pak. J. Bot. 36: 583-588. 
  15. Kumar, P., Lakshmi, N.J. and Mani, V.P. (2000). Interactive effects of salicylic acid and phytohormones on photosynthesis and grain yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill). Physiol. Mol. Biol. of Plants 6: 179-186. 
  16. Lakhanpaul, S.S.C. and Bhat, K.V. (2000). Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis in Indian mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) cultivars. Genetica 109: 227-234. 
  17. Lazcano-Ferrat, J. and Lovatt, C.L. (1992). Relationship between relative water content, Nitrogen Pools, and growth of Phaselous vulgaris and Phaselous acutifolius A. gray during water deficit. Crop Sci. 39: 467-473. 
  18. Pinheiro, H.A., DaMalta, F.M., Agnaldo, R., Chaves, M., Loureiro, M.E. and Ducatta, C. (2005). Drought tolerance is associated with rooting depth and stomatal control of water use in clones of Coffea canephora. Annual of Bot. 96: 101-108. 
  19. Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press: New York. 
  20. MSTAT Development Team. (1989). MSTAT user’s guide: A microcomputer program for the design management and analysis of agronomic research experiments. Michigan State Univ. East Lansing, USA.
  21. Nagasubramaniam, A., Pathmanabhan, G. and Mallika, V. (2007). Studies on improving production potential of baby corn with foliar spray of plant growth regulators. Annual of Plant Physiol. 21: 154-157. 
  22. Sangakkara, U.R., Frehner, M. and Nosberger, J. (2001). Influence of soil moisture and fertilizer potassium on the vegetative growth of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.). J. Agron. Crop Sci. 186: 73-81. 
  23. Shakirova, F.M., Skhabutdinova, A.R., Bezrukova, M.V., Fathutdinova, R.A. and Fathutdinova, D.R. (2003). Changes in the hormonal status of wheat seedlings induced by salicylic acid and salinity. Plant Sci. 164: 317. 
  24. Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dickey, D.A. (1997). Principles and Procedure of Statistics. McGrow Hill book Co., USA. p. 178-182. 
  25. Sujatha, K.B. (2001). Effect of foliar spray of chemicals and bioregulators on growth and yield of greengram (Vigna radiata L.). M.Sc. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University Coimbatore. 
  26. Waseem, M., Athar, H.U.R. and Ashraf, M. (2006). Effect of salicylic acid applied through rooting medium on drought tolerance of wheat. Pak. J. Bot. 38: 1127-1136. 
  27. Watson, D.J. (1947). Comparative physiological studies on the growth of field crops. L. variation in net assimilation rate and leaf area between species and varieties and within and between years. Annual of Bot. 11: 41-76. 

Global Footprints