Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 39 issue 4 (august 2016) : 558-564

Productivity, relative yield and plant growth of forage corn intercropped with soybean under different crop combination ratio

Ali Baghdadi1, Ridzwan A. Halim1*, Radziah Othman2, Martini Mohammad Yusof1, Ali Reza Mahdavi Atashgahi 3
1<p>Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture,&nbsp;Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia.</p>
Cite article:- Baghdadi1 Ali, Halim1* A. Ridzwan, Othman2 Radziah, Yusof1 Mohammad Martini, 3 Atashgahi Mahdavi Reza Ali (2016). Productivity, relative yield and plant growth of forage corn intercroppedwith soybean under different crop combination ratio . Legume Research. 39(4): 558-564. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.10755.

An experiment was carried out to evaluate influence of different crop combination ratios of corn and soybean in terms of forage yield in corn-soybean intercropping. The experiment compared both corn and soybean as monocultures and in different intercropping ratios from 25:75, 50:50 and 75:25 of corn to soybean. The crop combination ratio had significant effects on physiological traits and dry matter yield of forage. The ratio of 75:25 and 50:50 recorded DM yields similar to those of monocropped corn (14.77 t/ha). Relative yield total (RYT) values of intercropping were higher than that of monocrop corn and soybean. Mixtures with 50:50 combination ratio had higher mean total relative yield values (1.15) in comparison with the other ratios. Land equivalent ratio (LER) increased with corn-soybean intercropping and the highest total LER value was recorded with 50:50 ratio (1.13). The crop ratio of 50:50 gave the best combination based on DM yield, relative yield, LER of the combined forage.

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