DOI: 10.5958/j.0976-0571.37.2.027    | Article Id: LR-168 | Page : 180-187
Lal Bahadur* and D.D. Tiwari lbyadav_2007@rediffmail.com
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, C. S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur-208 002, India


To study the effect of nutrient management in mung bean through sulphur and biofertilizers, a field experiment was carried out during 2006 and 2007. The treatments contained four levels of sulphur i.e. 0, 15, 30, 45 kg ha-1 and four levels of biofertilizers viz. Uninoculated, Rhizobium, PSB and Rhizobium + PSB with 4 replications in factorial RBD. Results indicated that application of sulphur @ 30 kg ha-1 significantly increased the plant height (44.6 cm) , primary branches (5.18), effective pods plant-1 (27.8), grains pods-1 (11.0), 1000 grain wt. (35.7 g), grain and stover yield (12.0 and 28.1 q ha-1), nitrogen uptake (86.05 kg ha-1), phosphorus uptake (10.06 kg ha-1), sulphur uptake (7.71 kg ha-1) and quality parameters like protein (24.56 %) and methionine (5.96 g/ 100 g N) in comparison to sulphur @ 15 kg ha-1. Application of sulphur @ 15 kg S ha 1 significantly and linearly decreased the PSB population. Actinomycetes population was not significantly affected by the treatments. However, sulfur application showed a diminishing trend in the population of actinomycetes. Rhizobium and PSB inoculation also showed significant response to all the parameters and showed better response when co-inoculated (Rhizobium + PSB). However, total bacterial population (41.7 x 106 g 1 soil), Rhizobium like organism (RLO) population (13.9 x 103 g 1 soil) and Azotobacter population (12 x 103 g 1 soil) significantly increased up to the level of 15 kg S ha 1. Rhizobium and PSB inoculation showed significant response to all the parameters and showed better response when co-inoculated with Rhizobium + PSB


Actinomycetes Azotobacter Biofertilizers Mung bean PSB Rhizobium Sulphur.


  1. Aulakh. M.S. and Chhibba, I.M. (1992). Sulphur in soils and response of crops to its application in Punjab. Fertil. News 37: 33-45.
  2. Chapman, H.D. and Pratt, P.F. (1961). Methods of Analysis for Soils, Plants and Waters. University of California, USA.
  3. Chaudhary, I.A. and Cornfield, A.H. (1966). The determination of total sulphur in soil and plant material. Analyst 91: 528-530.
  4. Dubey, S.K. (1997). Co-inoculation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria with Bradyrhizobium japonicum to increase phosphate availability to rainfed soybean on Vertisol. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 45: 506-509.
  5. Gupta, S.B., Vyas, M.K. and Patil, S.K. (1992). Effect of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria and thiram at different levels of phosphorus on soybean and soil microflora. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 40: 854-856.
  6. Horn, M.J., Jones, D.B. and Blum, A.E. (1946). Colorimetric determination of methionine in protein and food. J. Biol. Chem. 166: 313-320.
  7. Jackson, M.L. (1967) Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India, Pvt. Ltd. Delhi.
  8. Jat, R.L. and Rathore, P.S. (1994). Effect of sulphur, molybdenum and Rhizobium inoculation on green gram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian J. Agron. 39: 651-654.
  9. Kachhave, K.G., Gawande, S.D., Kohire, O.D. and Mane, S.S. (1997). Influence of various sources and levels of sulphur on nodulation, yield and uptake of nutrients by chickpea. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 45: 590-591.
  10. Kamat, V.N., Kantute, V.G., Puranik, R.B., Kohadkar, W.S. and Joshi, R.P. (1981). Effect of sulphur and molybdenum 0application on yield and protein and S-amino acid contents of green gram. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 29: 225-227.
  11. Naidu M.V.S. and Ram H. (1995) Effect of sulphur and Rhizobium inoculation on rhizosphere and non-rhizosphere microflora. Agropedol. 5: 53-58.
  12. Patel, F.M. and Patel, L.R. (1991). Response of green gram varieties to phosphorus and Rhizobium inoculation. Indian J. Agron. 36: 295-297.
  13. Rawat, A.K. and Sanoria, C.L. (1978). Soil microbial balance as the possible cause for synergistic effect of Azotobacter and Rhizobium on Cicer arietinum. Indian J. Microbiol. 18: 135.
  14. Romesh, N. and Sabale, R.N. (2001). Effect of Phosphate fertilization, phosphate solubilizer and plant population on yield and quality of summer groundnut (Arachis hypogea). Indian J. Agron. 46: 156-161.
  15. Saraf, C.S. (1988). Sulphur fertilization of pulses for yield and quality, TSI-FAI Symposium, Sulphur in Indian Agriculture, March 9-11, New Delhi.
  16. Singh J.P. and Tarafdar, J.C. (2002). Rhizospheric microflora as influenced by sulphur application, herbicide and Rhizobium inoculation in summer mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 50: 127-129.
  17. Singh S, Singh, A.P. and Singh, B. (1992). Direct and residual effect of pyrite on yield, protein content and S uptake by blackgram and lentil in Entisol. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 40: 584-585.
  18. Singh, M.V. (2001). Importance of sulphur in balanced fertilizer in India, Fertil. News 46: 13-18.
  19. Singh, Y.P. and Aggarwal, R.L. (1998). Effect of sulphur sources and levels on yields, nutrient uptake and quality of blackgram (Phaseolus mungo). Indian J. Agron. 43: 448-452.
  20. Tiwari, V.N. and Misra, S.K. (2000). Studies on nitrogen and bio-inoculants on biological nitrogen fixation and productivity of lentil. Indian J. Pulses Res. 13: 39-42.

Global Footprints