EFFECT OF BIO FERTILIZER AND FERTILITY LEVELS ON YIELD, PROTEIN CONTENT AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE OF COWPEA [VIGNA UNGUICULATA (L.) WALP.]

Article Id: ARCC841 | Page : 51 - 54
Citation :- EFFECT OF BIO FERTILIZER AND FERTILITY LEVELS ON YIELD, PROTEIN CONTENT AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE OF COWPEA [VIGNA UNGUICULATA (L.) WALP.].Legume Research-An International Journal.2011.(34):51 - 54
S.S. Dekhane, H.R. Khafi, A.D. Raj and R.M. Parmar
Address : Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh – 362 001, India.

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during kharif 2008 at Junagadh on effect of bio fertilizer and fertility levels on yield, protein content and nutrient uptake of cowpea. Sixteen treatments comprising of four levels of bio fertilizer viz., without inoculation, with PSB inoculation, liquid PSB inoculation and Rhizobium inoculation and four fertility levels viz., 0, 50, 75 and 100 % RDF were tried in factorial randomized block design with four replications. The result of the experiment indicated that significantly  the highest grain  and stover yield  of 1441  and 1716  kg/ha respectively, was  recorded  in seed inoculation  by  Rhizobium  over  rest of the  treatments. The increased in RDF significantly increased seed and stover yield. Inoculated with Rhizobium significantly increased protein and N, P content   as well as   uptake of N and P by grain and stover. The 100 % RDF recorded the highest protein content as well as content and uptake of N and P by grain and stover but was par with 75 % RDF. Significant improvement in available N and P status in soil was also reported due to Rhizobium inoculation.

Keywords

Bio-fertilizer Cowpea Protein content Uptake.

References

  1. Akbari, K. N., Sutaria, G. S., Hirpara, D. S. and Padmani, D. R. (2005). Effect of planting pattern and N P fertilization on content and uptake of nutrients by black gram and post harvest soil fertility status under rainfed agriculture. Adv. in Plant Sci., 18: 421-423.
  2. Bhalu, V. M., Sadaria, S.G., Kaneria, B. B. and Khanpara, V. D. (1995). Effect of N, P and Rhizobium inoculation on yield and quality, N and P Uptake and economics of black gram. Indian J. Agron., 40 :316-318.
  3. El sayed, S. A. M. (1999). Influence of Rhizobium and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on nutrient uptake and yield of lentil in the new valley of Egyptian. J. Soil Sci., 39 175-186.
  4. Kishan-Swaroop (2006). Efect of phosphorus, potash and Rhizobium on pod yield, nutrient uptake and residual available soil NPK of vegetable cowpea. Annals of Agric. Res., 27: 250-256.
  5. Lopes, A. J., Stamford, N. P., Figuredo, M. V. B., Burity, H. A. and Ferraz, E. B. (1996). Effect of application of vermicompost, mineral nitrogen and mineralizing agents on N2 fixation and yield of cowpea. Revista Brasilera Ciencia Sole, 20 : 55-62.
  6. Okpara, D. A. (2000). Growth and yield of maize and vegetable cowpea as influenced by intercropping and nitrogen fertilizer in the lowland humid tropics. J. Sustainable Agric. Environ., 2 : 188-194.
  7. Naidu, M. V. S. and Ram, H. (1995). Effect of sulphur and Rhizobium inoculation on dry matter, grain yield and protein content in green gram. Legume Res., 19: 10-14.
  8. Shivran, D. R. and Ahlawat, I. P. S. (2000). Effect of cropping systems and fertilizers on pigeonpea and wheat in pigeonpea wheat sequence. Indian J. Agron., 45 : 669-676.
  9. Shah, M. J. (1993). Effect on N, P, Rhizobium and P-solubilizing biofertilizers in growth yield and quality of pigeonpea. M. Sc. (Agri.). A thesis submitted to Gujarat Agricultural University, Sardar Krushinagar (Gujarat).

Global Footprints