PERFORMANCE OF SOME COOL-SEASON FORAGE LEGUMES GROWING UNDER DESERT ENVIRONMENT

Article Id: ARCC539 | Page : 243-247
Citation :- PERFORMANCE OF SOME COOL-SEASON FORAGE LEGUMES GROWING UNDER DESERT ENVIRONMENT.Legume Research-An International Journal.2012.(35):243-247
N. S. AL-Ghumaiz nghumaiz@hotmail.com
Address : Department of Plant Production and Protection, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Buridah, Qassim.51452. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Pasture legume cultivars grown for forage production in the desert environment, suffers a great deal of heat stress. The study was conducted to evaluate forage yield and quality of newly introduced cool-season legumes cultivars under heat stress in the central region of Saudi Arabia for a period of two years. Eight legume cultivars belonging to five species were established during the 2008 and 2009 growing seasons. Cultivars including: two cultivars of red clover (Trifolium pretense L.) (Start and Starfire), three cultivars of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) (Kopu II, Ladino and Alice), and a single cultivars of kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.) (Endura), Birdsfoot trefoil (BFT) (Lotus corniculatus L.) (Norcen), and Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) (Caf 101). Cultivars were evaluated based on plant height, total dry matter yield (DMY) and forage quality. The results showed that red clover, white clover and BFT had greater adaption success and produced higher DMY in the environmental conditions of the central region of Saudi Arabia. Only one species (Kura clover) showed poor establishment during the two years of the evaluation. The two years study proved the superiority of lucerne of its total DMY, thus making it a desirable forage crop for cultivation in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords

Adaption Desert environment Dry matter yield Forage quality Cool-season species.

References

  1. Al-Ghumaiz N, Motawei MI.(2011) Productivity, Forage Quality and the Presence of Dehydrin Genes in Some
  2. Introduced Pasture Grass Cultivars Growing Under Heat Stress in Central Region of Saudi Arabia. Aust J Crop Sci.:5:1001-1006.
  3. AOAC, (1990). Official Methods Of Analysis of the Association of official Agricultural Chemists. Washington, DC.USA.
  4. Barnes DK, Sheaffer CC.(1995). Forage Legumes and Grasses “Alfalfa” In: Forages volume I: An introduction to grassland agriculture. 5th edn. Ames IA. Iowa State University Press.
  5. pp 205-216.
  6. Bryant WG.(1974). Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguim. Bieb): A review. J. Aust. I. Agr. Sci. 40: 11-19.
  7. Kirchhof S, Eisner I, Gierus M, Südekum KH. (2010). Variation in the contents of crude protein fractions of different forage legumes during the spring growth. Grass Forage Sci, 65: 376–382.
  8. Marten GC, Buxton, DR. Barnes, RF. (1988). Feeding value (Forage quality). In Hanson AA, Barnes DK, Hill Jr. RR. (eds), Alfalfa and Alfalfa Improvement. American Society of Agronomy. Madison WI. pp 463-491.
  9. MSTATC. (1990). A microcomputer program for the design. Management, and Analysis of Agronomic Research Experiments. Michigan State University. East Lansing, MI, USA.
  10. Nelson CJ, McGraw RL. (2003). Legumes for Northern Areas. In (Barnes RF, Nelson CJ, Collins M Moore KJ. (eds),) 6th edn. Forage vol.1 an introduction to grassland agriculture Ames IA. Iowa State University Press. pp 171-190.
  11. Pederson GA. (1995). White clover and other perennial clovers. In R.F. Barnes, D.A. Miller, Nelson, C.J., eds., Forages volume I: An introduction to grassland agriculture, 5th edn. Ames IA. Iowa State University Press. pp 227-236.
  12. Sheaffer CC, Marten GC, Jordan RM, Ristau EA. (1992). Forage potential of kura clover and birdsfoot trefoil when grazed by sheep. Agron J. 84:176-180.
  13. Speer GS, Allinson DW. (1985). Kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum): Legume for forage and soil conservation. Econ Bot. 39:165-176.nb.
  14. Taylor NL, Quesenberry KH. (1996). Red Clover Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA.
  15. Taylor NL, Smith RR.(1998). Kura clover (Trifolium ambiguim.M.B) breeding, culture, and utilization. Adv Agron. 63:153-178.
  16. Taylor NL, Smith RR.(1995). Red clover. In: Barnes RF, Miller DA, Nelson CJ (eds),Forages volume I: An introduction to grassland agriculture, 5th edn. Ames IA. Iowa State University Press. pp 217-226.

Global Footprints