Article Id: ARCC516 | Page : 104 - 111
Address : Division of Physiology, Biochemistry and Microbiology, Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur-208 024, India.


In order to ascertain the effect of phenology, morpho-physiological traits, and dry matter distribution in different plant parts on seed yield of urdbean under late seeding condition, sixteen urdbean genotypes were planted during 2nd week of September of 2007 and 2008 and phenology, morpho-physiological traits, dry matter buildup and its distribution amongst plant parts were studied. With correlation studies followed by path analysis it was concluded that urdbean seed yield under late seeding condition is highly influenced by seed filling period and dry matter allocation in leaves during flowering. And at maturity it was moderately and positively affected by plant height at flowering and other traits viz., leaf area at flowering and at maturity, total dry matter accumulation at flowering and at maturity and SPAD values had very negligible effect. However, residual correlations were estimated to be of higher magnitude. More in depth study, involving more morphological and/or physiological parameters, to have a clear understanding of urdbean yield structure under late seeding condition.


Late seeding Dry matter distribution Seed yield Urd bean Phenology Morphophysiological trails.


  1. Bhattacharya, A. (1996). Influence of dry matter accumulation and their rates during pre and post flowering phases in various plant parts on mungbean seed yield. Legume Res., 19 (3): 179-184.
  2. Bhattacharya, P.K. and Ram, H.H. (1992). Yield components in determinate vs indeterminate soybean. Soybean Genet. Newsl., 19: 52 – 54.
  3. Bhattacharya, A. and Pandey, P. (1999). Physiological studies in chickpea varieties: effect of temperature and time of sowing. Indian J. Pulses Res., 12 (1): 57-64.
  4. Bhattacharya, A. (2000). Urdbean seed yield: Effect of physiological traits at different growth stages. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 13 (2): 50-55.
  5. Bhattacharya, A. and Sharma, D.K. (2001). Flower drop in pigeonpea: Effect of physiological traits under normal and late seeding. Legume Research, 24 (4): 231-237.
  6. Bhattacharya, A. Vijaylaxmi and Panwar, J.D.S. (2005). Physiological approaches for enhancing yield potential in grain legumes. In “Advances in Plant Physiology, Vol. 8” Ed. A. Hemantranjan, Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur, pp. 329-352.
  7. Borah, H. K. and Hazarika, M.H. (1995). Genetic variability and character association in some exotic collection of greengram. Madras Agric. J., 82(4): 268–271.
  8. Chandrababu, R. (1990). Physiological basis for yield improvement in greengram (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilezek) cultivars. Ph.D. Thesis, TamilNadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
  9. Cupina, T. and Jocie, B. (1972). Relationship of photosynthetic activity and mineral nutrition in sunflower. Savremena Poljopriverda, 20: 572.
  10. Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H. (1959). A correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal, 51: 515-519.
  11. Egli, D. B., Pendleton, J. W. and Wood, J. W. (1978). Influence of seed size and position on the rate of duration of filling. Agronomy Journal, 70: 127–130.
  12. Ganguly, S.B., Bhattacharya, A., and Singh D.N. (1999). Physiological studies in chickpea varities; Physiological determinants & their relationship to productivity under late seeding. Indian J. Pulses Research, 12:65-74.
  13. Ganguly, S.B. and Bhattacharya, A. (2001). Effect of physiological traits on chickpea yield under normal and late seeding. Legume Research, 24 (1): 6-10.
  14. Goswami, R. K. (2000). Physiological indices for higher productivity in greengram [Vigna radiate (L.) Wilczek]. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
  15. Hanway, J.J. and Weber, C.R. (1971). Dry matter accumulation in eight soybean varieties. Agronomy Journal, 63: 227-230.
  16. Jayapragasam, M., Sreerangasamy, S.R. and Thangaraj, M. (1998). Biochemical studies in the progenies of the interspecific cross between greengram (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek) and blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 3(2): 121– 24.
  17. Kantolic, A.G. and Slafer, G.A. ((2001). Photoperiod sensitivity after flowering and seed number determination in indeterminate soybean cultivars. Field Crop Research, 72: 109-118.
  18. Khalil, S.A., Wahab, A., Rehman, A., Muhammad, F., Wahab, S., Khan, A.Z., Zubair, M., Shah, M.K. and Amin, R. (2010). Density and planting date influence phonological development assimilate partitioning and dry matter production of faba bean. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42 (6): 3831-3838.
  19. Koti, R. V. (1997). Influence of seasons on phenology, reproductive efficiency and physiological indices in soybean genotypes. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.
  20. Kumar, D. (2002). New plant type with unbranded growth habit in mothbean. Indian Journal of Pulses Research. 15(2): 179 – 180.
  21. McCashin, B. G. and Canvin, D. T. (1979). Photosynthetic and photorespiratory characterstics of mutants of Hordeum vulgare L. Plant Physiology, 64: 354 – 360.
  22. Muehlbauer, F.J. and Singh, K.B. (1987). Genetics of chickpea. In “The Chickpea”, Eds. M.C. Saxena and K.B. Singh, CAB. International, Wallingford, Oxon, OX10 8DE, UK, pp. 99-125.
  23. Munir, A., Turk and Abdel Rahman, M., Tawaha. (2002). Effects of datas of sowing and seed size on yield and yield components of local fababean under semi-arid condition. Legume Research, 25(4): 301 – 302.
  24. Naidu, N.V., Rosaiah, G., Satyanarayana, A., and Rajarajeswari, V. (1993). Variation in developmental and morpho – physiological traits under different environments and their relation to grain yield of greengram (Phaseolus radiatus). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 63(8): 473–478.
  25. Pandey, U.N. and Singh, B.B. (1991). Nitrate reductase in relation to grain yield in lentil (Lens esculenta Moench). Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 34(2): 196–197.
  26. Panwar, G. and Sharma, B.B. (2004). Effect of planting date, seed rate and row spacing on yield and yield attributes of bold seeded mungbean during spring/summer season. Indian Journal of Pulses Research, 17 (1): 45-46.
  27. Radrizzani, A., Dalzell, S.A. and Shelton, H.M. (2011). Effect of environment and plant phenology on prediction of plant nutrient deficiency using leaf analysis in Leucaena leucocephala. Crop and Pasture Science, 62 (3): 248-260.
  28. Ramaswami, P.P. and Oblisami, G. (1984). Influence of duration of blackgram (Vigna mungo L Hepper) on the harvest index among the different genotypes. Madras Agricultural Journal, 71: 246 – 248.
  29. Raut, V.M., Halvankar, G.B., Taware, S.P. and Patil, V.P. (1991). Heterosis studies in soybean. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 16 (3): 346–348.
  30. Sinclair, T.R. and Dewit, C.T. (1976). Analysis of the carbon and nitrogen limitations to soybean yield. Agronomy Journal, 68: 319 – 324.
  31. Snedecor,G.W. and Cocharan, W.G. (1978). Statistical Methods 6th Edition, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Calcutta.
  32. Summerfield, R.J.S., Minchin, F.R., Roberts, E.H. and Hadley, P. (1980). Effect of photoperiod and air temperature on growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). In “Proceedings of International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, 1979” International Crop Research Institute for Semi Arid Tropics, pp. 121-149.
  33. Thandapani, V. (1985). Leaf growth attributes as comparative physiological factors for the genotypes of greengram in relation to yield. Madras Agric. J., 72(3): 126–132.
  34. Tiwari, S.P., Bhatnagar, P.S. and Prabhakar (1994). Identification of suitable soybean (Glycine max. L.) varieties for non – traditional regions of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 64(12): 872–874.
  35. Vijay laxmi and Bhattacharya, A. (2006). Mungbean seed yield: I Effect of dry matter distribution and temperature at different crop growth stages. Indian Journal of Agriculture Research, 41 (1): 23-28.
  36. Zhang, Q.Y., Gao, Q., Herbert, S.J., Li, Y.S. and Hashemi, A.M. (2010). Influence of sowing date on phonological stages, seed growth and marketable yield of four vegetable soybean cultivars in North-eastern USA. African J. Agric. Res. 5 (18): 2556-2562.

Global Footprints