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PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, PROXIMATE AND MINERAL COMPOSITION OF SOME NEW VARIETIES OF SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX L.)

Article Id: ARCC2408 | Page : 31 - 35
Citation :- PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS, PROXIMATE AND MINERAL COMPOSITION OF SOME NEW VARIETIES OF SOYBEAN (GLYCINE MAX L.).Legume Research.2008.(31):31 - 35
Varsha Rani, Raj B. Grewal* and N. Khetarpaul
Address : *Centre of Food Science and Technology CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar – 125004 (India)

Abstract

The grains of nine varieties of soybean have been analysed for moisture, 1000 grain weight,
grain hardness, cooking time, seed density, hydration capacity, hydration index, swelling capacity,
swelling index, protein, fat, crude fibre, ash and minerals. These soybean varieties contained 8.60-
10.10% moisture, 74.0-112.4 g 1000 grain weight, 8.00 –11.90 kg/grain grain hardness, 109-132
minutes cooking time, 1.04-1.22 g/ml seed density, 0.085-0.128 g/seed hydration capacity and
0.151-0.201 ml/seed swelling capacity. Crude protein and crude fat varied from 35.42-41.78% and
21.00-28.10%, respectively. Variety PK-416 contained highest (5.05%) and PK-1024 contained
least (3.00%) crude fibre. The total calcium, phosphorus, iron and zinc content ranged between
230.2-255.2, 496.1-514.2, 8.40-11.20 and 7.16-7.89 mg/100g, respectively. Results indicate that
variety, PK-1024 had better physico-chemical properties among the nine varieties studied.

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