Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 43 issue 6 (december 2020) : 780-787

Efficacy of IAA, GA3 and Riboflavin for Morpho-biochemical and Yield Attributes of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in Pakistan

Muhammad Tufail, Khalid Hussain, Iqra Iqbal, Khalid Nawaz, Noshia Arshad, Sana Jafar, Usman Arif
1Department of Botany, University of Gujrat, Gujrat-Pakistan.
  • Submitted01-06-2020|

  • Accepted24-07-2020|

  • First Online 11-12-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/A-575

Cite article:- Tufail Muhammad, Hussain Khalid, Iqbal Iqra, Nawaz Khalid, Arshad Noshia, Jafar Sana, Arif Usman (2020). Efficacy of IAA, GA3 and Riboflavin for Morpho-biochemical and Yield Attributes of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in Pakistan. Legume Research. 43(6): 780-787. doi: 10.18805/A-575.
Background: Fenugreek is an important winter leafy vegetable in Pakistan with high nutritional values. Its seeds are used as spices and whole plant is used in many home remedies and medicine throughout the world. Its foliage and seed productivity is much low in the region. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) and vitamins (riboflavin) can be useful for the enhancement of plant productivity. 
Methods: Treatments of indole acetic acid (IAA), gibberellic acid (GA3) and riboflavin (50 mmol L-1 each) were applied as foliar spray after 14 days of sowing on fenugreek variety Kasuri Methi. Experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with six replicates. 
Result: Result showed that GA3 and IAA has significantly enhanced the root and shoot development, foliage growth and ions concentrations, peroxidase (POD) and catalases (CAT) activities. PGRs also increased the pod and seed yield of fenugreek. Riboflavin did not show any significant effect on fenugreek except increased the antioxidant activities at seedling stage. GA3 was more effective as compared to IAA for the enhancement biomass production, yield and biochemical attributes of fenugreek. It was determined that IAA and GA3 can be used to enhance the foliage biomass production and yield but GA3 is superior over IAA in fenugreek. These outcomes can be useful for economic benefits with high production of this leafy vegetable. 
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