Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 10 (october 2018) : 1476-1481

Biovar distribution of Brucella strains isolated from livestock in Turkey between 2010-2015

Mustafa Sencer Karagul, Emin Ayhan Baklan, Ahmet Murat Saytekin, Buket Altuntas, Gülseren Yildiz Oz, Sevil Erdenlig Gurbilek
1Pendik Veterinary Control Institute, Pendik, Istanbul , Turkey.
Cite article:- Karagul Sencer Mustafa, Baklan Ayhan Emin, Saytekin Murat Ahmet, Altuntas Buket, Oz Yildiz Gülseren, Gurbilek Erdenlig Sevil (2017). Biovar distribution of Brucella strains isolated from livestock in Turkeybetween 2010-2015. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(10): 1476-1481. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.9142.
According to ‘the Regulation of Reporting of Notifiable Animal Diseases in Turkey’, the valid diagnosis for Brucellosis in livestock, which is in the list of notifiable animal diseases, is the isolation and identification of Brucellae as the gold standard as mentioned in ‘the Regulation of the Fight with Brucella’. In the context of ‘The Brucellosis Control and Eradication Program’ in Turkey, where mass vaccination is practised as a part of this program in livestock, serological diagnosis is not considered to be valid except for Brucella free herds. While most of the current molecular techniques can differentiate Brucella organism at the genus level, they generally cannot make differentiation at the biovar-level. The primary purpose of this study is to determine the most prevalent Brucella biovars and the biovar distribution of Brucella isolates from the abort cases of livestock between 2010 and 2015 in Turkey. In this study, 5203 Brucella field isolates sent to our laboratory from different parts of Turkey for Brucella species and biovar identification between 2010 and 2015 were biotyped through conventional biotyping procedures. According to the results showing the percentages of dominant biovars causing brucellosis in livestock, the most common biovar was B. abortus biovar-3 in cattle and B.melitensis biovar-3 in sheep and goats. Vaccine strains isolated from goats were not included in biovar distribution  in this study.
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