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Microsatellite DNA Polymorphism Studies in Mudhol Hound Dog Native of India

DOI: 10.18805/IJAR.B-4230    | Article Id: B-4230 | Page : 848-853
Citation :- Microsatellite DNA Polymorphism Studies in Mudhol Hound Dog Native of India.Indian Journal of Animal Research.2022.(56):848-853
B.L. Sowmyashree, R. Jayashree, S. Naveen Kumar, R. Nagaraja, C.S. Nagaraja, Y.B. Rajeshwari, A.R. Banuprakash jayavet@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bangalore-560 024, Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 23-06-2020
Accepted Date : 16-12-2020

Abstract

Background: Mudhol Hound the popular dog breed of Karnataka State, India has a long historical association with wars, hunting, social bondage, guarding and recently with the Indian army as a part of army’s sniffer dog squad. Despite its unique qualities, the number of animals is getting reduced gradually. Hence the present study was aimed at molecular characterization of the Mudhol Hound which will be useful in maintenance of diversity of the breed. 
Methods: In this study, 26 microsatellite markers were used for the characterization of Mudhol Hound dog. A total of 50 blood samples were screened. Microsatellite loci were analyzed by running the PCR products on 6.5 per cent polyacrylamide gels followed by silver staining. Genotyping was done based on the banding patterns. 
Result: A total of 221 alleles were observed from the 26 microsatellites. The number of alleles ranged from 5 (AHTk211) to 12 (INU055, PEZ12) with a mean of 8.5±1.9442 alleles. The average H0 and He were 0.7685±0.2122 and 0.8326±0.0397, respectively. The percentage of polymorphic loci obtained was 100 as all the loci studied were found to be polymorphic having the PIC values more than 0.5. All the 26 loci showed significant deviation from Hardy - Weinberg equilibrium (P<0.001).

Keywords

​Dog Genetic diversity Microsatellite Mudhol Polymorphism studies


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