Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 51 issue 2 (april 2017) : 296-302

Ultrasonographic localization and mineral profile of urinary calculi in young and adult bovine

Prachi E. Taksande*, N.S. Saini, J. Mohindroo, Tarunbir Singh, Ashwani Kumar
1<p>Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology,&nbsp;Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana - 141 004, Punjab, India.</p>
Cite article:- Taksande* E. Prachi, Saini N.S., Mohindroo J., Singh Tarunbir, Kumar Ashwani (2016). Ultrasonographic localization and mineral profile of urinary calculi inyoung and adult bovine . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(2): 296-302. doi: 10.18805/ijar.8422.

The study was conducted on 13 male bovine animals suffering from obstructive urolithiasis to evaluate the diagnostic approach, surgical outcome and mineral composition of uroliths. The animals were divided in two groups, Group I (n=8) of young animals and Group II (n=5) of adult animals. B-mode ultrasonography was done for locating the uroliths in penile urethra. All the animals were subjected to urethrotomy followed by ultrasonography at the suspected site of urolith lodgement. Ammonium chloride as urinary acidifier was given @ 50 mg/kg body weight orally for 60 days was found beneficial for preventing recurrence of uroliths. It was observed that urethra heals normally in three weeks if left unsutured and the majority of uroliths were present at tip of penis in Group I and in sigmoid flexure in Group II animals. Staphylococcus species were the most prevalent bacteria causing bovine urinary tract infections associated with urolithiasis in both groups. It was concluded that ultrasonography was efficient to localize uroliths in urethra in both groups of animals. On Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy estimation, calcium carbonate, carbonate apatite in Group I whereas calcium carbonate in majority of Group II animals, were the most common types of minerals causing formation of uroliths.

  1. Anjaria, J. V. (1969). Observations on bovine urethral calculosis. IVJ 46: 449-453.

  2. Fromsa, A., Saini, N. S and Rai, T. S. (2011). Diagnosis, prediction and mineral analysis of uroliths in canines. GV 7: 610-617.

  3. Gasthuys, F., Steenhaut, M., Moor, A. D and Sercu, K. (1993). Surgical treatment of urethral obstruction due to urolithiasis in male cattle: a review of 85 cases. Vet Rec 133: 522-526.

  4. Gatoria, I. S., Saini, N. S., Rai, T. S and Dwiwedi, P. N. (2006). Comparison of three techniques for the diagnosis of urinary tract infections in dogs with urolithiasis. J Sm Anim Prac 47: 727-732.

  5. Gazi, M A., Khan, M A., Makhdoomi, D. M., Siraj, G., Dar, S. H and Mir, A Q. 2015. Possible role of calcium, phosphorus and magnesium shift in blood, urine and calculi in calves affected by urolithiasis. African Journal of Agricultural Research 10: 207-14.

  6. Gazi, M A., Makhdoomi, D. M., Parrah, J. D., Ganai, A. M., Sheikh, G. N and Mir, S, A. 2014. Recent advances in surgical management of urolithiasis in sheep and goat. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9: 2055-61.

  7. Griffith, D. P. (1979). Urease stones. Urol Res 7: 215-221.

  8. Jennifer, M. E., Meredyth, L. J and Matt, D. M. (2008). Surgery of obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants. Vet Clin North Am: Food Anim Prac 24: 455-465.

  9. Kalim, M. O., Zaman, R and Tiwari, S. K. (2011). Surgical management of obstructive urolithiasis in a male cow calf. Vet World 4: 213-214.

  10. Khan, M A., Makhdoomi, D. M and Bashir, S. 2011. Surgical management of obstructive urolithiasis in a crossbred Jersey calf. Intas Polivet 12: 52-53.

  11. Kushwaha, R. B., Amarpal., Aithal, H. P., Kinjavdekar, P and Rathore, R. (2012). Bacterial isolation and antibiotic sensitivity test from urine of buffalo calves (Bubalus bubalis) affected with urethral obstruction. Buff Bull 31: 71-73.

  12. Magda, A. (2006). Ultrasonographic diagnosis of obstructive urolithiasis in cattle and buffalo. OJVR 10: 26-30.

  13. Makhdoomi, D. M and Mohsin, A. Gazi. (2013). Obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants - A review. Vet World 6: 233-238.

  14. Osborne, C.A., Klausner, J. S., Krawiec, D. R and Griffith, D. P. (1981). Canine struvite urolithiasis: problems and their dissolutions. J Am Vet Med Assoc 179: 239-244.

  15. Parrah, J. D., Hussain, S. S., Moulvi, B. A., Singh, M and Athar, H. (2010). Bovine uroliths analysis: A review of 30 cases. Israel J Vet Med 65: 103-107.

  16. Parrah, J. D., Moulvi, B. A., Hussain, S. S., Bilal, S and Athar, H. (2011). Aetiopathogenesis of bovine obstructive urolithiasis. Indian J Anim Res 45: 10-17.

  17. Saharan, S., Singh, P., Sahu, R., Chawla, S. K and Chandolia, R. K. (2013). Ultrasonographic studies on obstructive urolithiasis in male buffalo calves. IJVS 43: 51-53.

  18. Samal, L., Pattanaik, A. K., Mishra, C., Maharana, B. R., Sarangi, L. N and Baithalu, R. B. (2011). Nutritional strategies to prevent urolithiasis in animals. Vet World 4: 142-144.

  19. Sharma, A. K., Mogha, J. V., Singh, G. R., Amarpal, A and Aithal, H. P. (2005). Clinico physiological and haematological changes in urolithiasis and its management in bovine. Indian J Anim Sci 75: 1131-1134.

  20. Sharma, A. K., Singh, G. R., Aithal, H. P and Mohindroo, J. (2009). Clinical and surgical management of urethral obstruction in male goats. Indian J of Small Rum 15:121-124

  21. Singh, T., Amarpal., Kinjavdekar, P., Aithal, H. P and Pawde, A. M. (2010). Comparison of four surgical techniques for the management of obstructive urolithiasis in male goats. IJVS 31: 15-20. 

  22. Vinodhkumar, O. R., Swarnkar, C. P., Shinde, A. K and Singh, D. (2010). Clinical, mineral and haemato biochemical studies of urolithiasis in weaner lambs. Afr J Agric Res 5: 2045-2050.

  23. Weaver, A. D and Pillinger, R. (1975). Relationship of bacterial infection in urine and calculi to canine urolithiasis. Vet Rec 97: 48-50.

Editorial Board

View all (0)