Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 50 issue 2 (april 2016) : 275-277

Diprosopus condition in a newborn calf

K. B. Sumena*, K. M. Lucy
1<p>Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy - 680 651, India.</p>
Cite article:- Sumena* B. K., Lucy M. K. (2015). Diprosopus condition in a newborn calf . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(2): 275-277. doi: 10.18805/ijar.5721.

Diprosopus is the condition of occurrence of a single body and neck with a duplication of the structures of the face. In the present case, the calf had four eyes, two oral cavities, but only two ears. The duplication was physically evident from the cranio-facial junction up to the maxillary lip and measured about 9 cm. Just above the eye level the head was united, but cranial width between the lateral borders (in line with lateral canthi) was found to be 34 cm, the value is almost the double as that of a normal calf. This indicates that the separation of the monozygotic twinning got arrested at this position and caudal to the area of frontal bones, there was no signs of twinning, indicated by normal inter-auricular distance.

  1. Arthur, G.H., Noakes, D.E., Pearson, H. and Parkinson, T.J. (1992). Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, 6th Ed. W.B. Saunders Company Limited, London, 110-132.

  2. Baddi, S.Y., Gowda, K.H., Naveenkumar, G.T. and Ramakrishna, V. (2012). Dicephalus tetrapus tetrabrachius in buffalo. Indian Vet. J., 89: 83-84. 

  3. Chandrahasan, C., Krishnakumar, K., Selvaraju M.R., Jagatheesan, P.N. and Ramesh, S.V. (2003). Dystocia due to Dicephalus monostomus monster in a cross bred cow. Indian J. Anima. Reprod., 24: 175.

  4. Singh, H., Bisla, R.S., Vandana, B. and Chaudhri, S.S. (2013). Dicephalus thoraco-sternophagus siamese monstrosity in a Murrah buffalo. Indian Vet. J., 90: 89-90.

  5. Noden, D.M. and Lahunta, A. (1984). The Embryology of Domestic Animals – Development Mechanism and Malformation, 1st Ed. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore London, pp 81-91.

  6. Ravikumar, K., Krishnakumar, K., Kumarasen, A. and Chandrahasan, C. (2012). Dystocia due to dicephalus monostomus monster in a Jersey cross bred heifer. Indian J.Anim. Reprod., 33: 94-95.

  7. Roberts, S.J. (2004) Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases, 2nd Ed. CBS Publishers and Distributers, Delhi, pp 72-75.

  8. Umarani, R., Kalirajan, R., Vairavasamy, K. and Muruganandan B. (2013). Dystocia due to diprosopus monauchenos calf in a cross bred cow. Indian Vet. J., 90 : 90-91.

Editorial Board

View all (0)