Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 49 issue 3 (june 2015) : 383-387

Effect of season and parity on somatic cell count across zebu and crossbred cattle population

R.Saravanan*, D.N. Das, S. De, S. Panneerselvam
1ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Southern Campus, Adugodi, Bangalore–560 030, India.
Cite article:- R.Saravanan*, Das D.N., De S., Panneerselvam S. (2024). Effect of season and parity on somatic cell count across zebu and crossbred cattle population. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 49(3): 383-387. doi: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00127.2.
Somatic Cell Count (SCC) is an indicator to detect mastitis in individual cows. The SCC was measured from individual milk samples of 275 animals comprising of 164 HF crossbreds, 51 Deoni and 60 Ongole breeds of cattle. The mean milk yield of Deoni, Ongole and HF crossbred cows was 824.44 ± 149.99, 479.73 ± 141.14 and 5572.15 ± 115.28 kg, respectively. The mean SCC in Deoni, Ongole and HF crossbred cows were 1.95 ± 0.24, 1.57 ± 0.22 and 4.14 ± 0.17 lakhs cells per ml of milk, respectively. Crossbred cows showed significantly (Plactation were significant (P on stage of lactation on SCC. The changes in SCC during different seasons were significant (pre as in Ongole the SCC was high at lean season. SCC was increased with increasing number of lactation in Deoni cows. The highest SCC value (18.56 ± 1.11 x105 cells/ml) was observed at 4th parity in HF mastitis animals.
  1. Das M. and Singh M. (1999). Variation in blood leucocytes, somatic cell count, yield and composition of milk of crossbred goats. Small Rumin. Res., 35:169-174.
  2. Dohoo I.R. and Meek A. H. (1982). Somatic Cell Counts in Bovine Milk. Can Vet J., 23(4): 119–125.
  3. Emanuelson U., Danell B. and Philipson J. (1988). Genetic parameters for clinical mastitis, somatic cell counts and milk production estimated by multiple-trait restricted maximum likelihood. J. Dairy Sci., 71: 467-476.
  4. Fetrow J. (2000). Mastitis: An economic consideration. In Proc. Natl. Mastitis Counc. Mtg., Atlanta, GA. Natl. Mastitis Council, Verona, WI. Pp. 3-47.
  5. Joshi S and Gokhale S. (2006). Status of Mastitis as an Emerging Disease in Improved and Periurban Dairy Farms in India. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., 1081: 74–83.
  6. Harmon R. J. (1994). Physiology of Mastitis and Factors Affecting Somatic Cell Counts. J Dairy Sci., 77: 2103-2112.
  7. Harvey W.R. (1987). Least squares analysis of data with unequal subclass numbers. ARS H-4, USDA, Washington D.C.
  8. Hogan J. S., Smith K. L., Hoblet K. H., Todhunter D. A., Schoenberger P. S., Hueston W. D., Pritchard D. E., Bowman G. L., Heider L. E. and Brockett B. L. (1989). Conrad Bacterial Counts in Bedding Materials Used on Nine Commercial Dairies. J Dairy Sci., 72: 250-258.
  9. Houde S., Sonnad J. S. and Shivashankar K. (2007). Investment and Procurement Management in Milk Processing Units. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci., 20(2): 316-319.
  10. Kitchen B.J. (1981). Bovine mastitis: milk compositional changes and related diagnostic tests. Journal of Dairy Research. 48:167-188.
  11. Kramer C.Y. (1957). Extension of multiple range tests to group corrected adjusted means. Biometrics., 13: 13-18.
  12. Miller R. H., Paape M. J. and Fulton L. A. (1991). Variation in milk somatic cells of heifers at first calving. J.Dairy Sci., 74:3782-3790.
  13. Muggli J. (1995). Influence of somatic cell counts on stage of lactation. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 1996.
  14. NAS (2012). National Accounts Statistics, Central Statistical Organisation; Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, GoI, New Delhi.
  15. Nelson F. E., Schuh J. D. and Scott G. H. (1967). Influence of season on leucocytes in milk. J. Dairy Sci., 50:978.
  16. Nelson F. E., Tranmal H., Schuh J. D., Wegner T. N. and Scott G. H. (1969). Criteria of abnormal milk from individual quarters during a period of high temperature. J. Dairy Sci., 52:912.
  17. NSSO (2006). Livestock ownership across operational land holding classes in India, 2002 - 03, Report No. 493, NSS 59th Round, National Sample Survey Organization, Department of Statistics, GOI.
  18. Singh M. and Ludri R. S. (2001). Somatic cell counts in Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) during different stages of lactation, parity and season. Asian-Australas. J. Anim. Sci., 14:189–192.
  19. Shook G.E. (1989) Selection for disease resistance. J. Dairy Sci., 72:1349-1362.
  20. Shook G. E. and Schutz M. M. (1994). Selection on Somatic Cell Score to Improve Resistance to Mastitis in the United States. J. Dairy Sci., 77 (2): 648-658.
  21. Vishnoi P.C. and Dang A.K. (2007). Changes in blood and milk DLC and its effect on milk composition in Murrah buffaloes (bubalus bubalis) suffering from clinical mastitis. Indian J.Dairy Sci., 60(4): 286-192.

Editorial Board

View all (0)