Efficacy of chemical and herbal anthelmintic drug against naturally infested gastrointestinal helminthiasis in mithun calves (Bos frontalis)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0555.2015.00038.2    | Article Id: B-2598 | Page : 269-272
Citation :- Efficacy of chemical and herbal anthelmintic drug against naturally infested gastrointestinal helminthiasis in mithun calves (Bos frontalis).Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2015.(49):269-272
J.K. Chamuah, A. Mech and P. Perumal and P.R. Dutta drjayantavet@gmail.com
Address : ICAR-National Research Centre on Mithun, Jharnapani, Nagaland-797 106, India.

Abstract

An investigation was conducted to study the efficacy of commonly used chemical as well as few new herbal anthelmintic drugs against gastrointestinal parasite infestation in growing mithuns raised under semi domesticated management system at the Institutes livestock farm. The drug, Ivermectin showed 99.59% efficacy against Toxocara vitulorum. While the herbal drugs i.e. Vet worm and Ficus hirta have shown efficacy of 88% and 84.88% respectively, which was below the recommended standard efficacy of 98%. Nevertheless the Neem (Azadirachta indica) was found to be effective (98.52%) against Toxocara vitulorum infection. The efficacy rate of anthelmintics drugs like Albendazole, Fenbendazole and a combination of Fenbendazole and Praziquantel was 100% and all the treatments were observed to be effective from day 14th.

Keywords

Anthelmintic Drug efficacy Helminth parasites Herbal drug Mithun.

References

  1. Chamuah J.K., Das M. and Rajkhowa S. (2005). Seasonal incidence of gastrointestinal parasite in mithun (Bos frontalis). Indian Veterinary Journal, 83:1051-1053.
  2. Chamuah J.K., Das M., Islam S., Rajkhowa S., Rajkhowa C. and Chakraborty, A. (2009). Studies on naturally acquired gastrointestinal helminth of mithun (Bos frontalis). Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 23(1):37-40.
  3. Dash K.M., Hall H.E and Barger L.A.(1988). The role of arithmetic and geometric mean worm counts in faecal egg count reduction test and in monitoring strategic drenching programme in sheep. Australian Veterinary Journal, 65:66-67.
  4. Demeler J., Van Zeveren A.M.J., Kleinschmidt N., Vercruysse J., Ho¨glund, J. , Koopmann R., Cabaret J., Claerebout E., Areskog M., von Samson-Himmelstjerna G. (2009). Monitoring the efficacy of ivermectin and albendazole against gastro intestinal nematodes of cattle in Northern Europe. Veterinary Parasitology, 160: 109–115
  5. Hafiz A. and Bhattacharyya H.K. (2009). Comparative efficacy of Piperazine, Albendazole and Ivermectin against ascariasis in cattle calves. Indian Journal of Animal Research, 43 (3): 213-214.
  6. Hamza Avcioglu and Ibrahim Balkaya (2011). A comparison of the efficacy of subcutaneously administered ivermectin, doramectin, and moxidectin against naturally infected Toxocara vitulorum in calves. Tropical Animal Health and Production. , 43(6):1097-1099
  7. Heli T. (1995). Mithun, The pride of Arunachal. Arunachal Review. pp 6-17.
  8. HMSO. (1979).Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Laboratory techniques. Ministry of Agricultures, Fisheries and Food, Reference Book 418. Pp.36-40
  9. Rajkhowa S, Bujarbaruah K.M., Hazarika G.C. and Rajkhowa C. (2002b). Comparative efficacy of Piperazine, Levamisole and Ivermectin against ascariasis in mithun (Bos frontalis) calves. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 22:125-126.
  10. Rajkhowa S., Bujarbaruah K.M., Kapenlo Thong, and Rajkhowa C. (2003a). Comparative efficacy of Ivermectin, Levamisole and Albendazole against naturally acquired nematodiasis of mithun. Indian Veterinary Journal., 80: 854-856.
  11. Rajkhowa S., Bujarbaruah K.M., Rajkhowa C. and Kapenlo T. (2005). Incidence of intestinal parasitism in mithun (Bos frontalis).Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 19:39-41
  12. Rajkhowa S., Bujbaruah K.M. and Rajkhowa C. (2003b). Efficacy of albendazole against naturally acquired nematodiasis in Mithun (Bos frontalis). Indian Journal of Animal Health, 42:117-119
  13. Rajkhowa S., Bujbaruah K.M., Rajkhowa C. and Kapenlo Thong (2003c). Efficacy of Levamisole against naturally acquired nematodiasis in mithun (Bos frontalis). Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 227:239-140
  14. Rajkhowa S., Bujbaruah KM., Hazarika, G C., and Rajkhowa C.(2002a). Comparative efficacy of Piperazine, Levamisole and Ivermectin against ascariasis in Mithun (Bos frontalis) calves. Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 22:125-126
  15. Roberts and O’Sullivan (1949).Cited from: HMSO. (1979).Manual of Veterinary Parasitological Laboratory techniques. Ministry of Agricultures, Fisheries and Food, Reference Book 418. Pp.36-40
  16. Soulsby, E.J.L. (1986).Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th edn. ELBS, Baillere, Tindal. Pp 765-774.

Global Footprints