Congenital omphalocele in four calves, their surgical management and outcome
Citation :- Congenital omphalocele in four calves, their surgical management and outcome .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2016.(50):816-819
Four newborn dairy calves with omphalocele including one additionally with atresia ani and anury were presented for treatment. The mass (diameter: 12.0 and 23.0cm respectively) in two calves was covered by continuation of the umbilical cord. In the remaining two calves the covering had disrupted and the intestines were hanging from the umbilicus. Herniorrhaphy was performed under sedation using diazepam and local infiltration analgesia with lignocaine hydrochloride (2%). In the calf with atresia ani, anal opening was created under caudal epidural block. Three of the calves recovered completely and the remaining one died. It was concluded that the surgical treatment of calves with omphalocele have good prognosis provided they are presented promptly without mutilation of the mass.
- Baird, A.N. (2008). Umbilical surgery in calves. Vet Clinic: Food Anim 24: 468-477.
- Baird, A.N. (1993). Omphalocele in two calves. J Am Vet Med Assoc 202: 1481-1482.
- Benjamin, M.E. (1998). Outline of Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 3rd ed., Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. pp. 80: 108-115.
- Burchfield, D.J. (1997). Abdominal wall defects. In: Pediatric Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. [Barkin R.M. ed.], 2nd ed., Mosby: St Louis, pp. 213.
- Daniel, D.S. (2002). Abdominal hernias. In: Text book of Small Animal Surgery. Slatter D. ed., 3rd ed. Vol.1. Saunders: Philadelphia, pp. 449-470.
- Dreyfuss, D.J and Tulleners, E.P. (1989). Intestinal atresia in calves: 22 cases (1978-1988). J Am Vet Med Assoc 195: 508-13.
- Howard, D.R. (1973). Omphalocele in a litter of kittens. Vet Med: Small Anim Clinic 68: 879.
- Klien, M.D and Hertzier, J.H. (1981). Congenital defects of the abdominal wall. Surg Gyne & Obst 152: 805-811.
- Mee, J.F. (1994). Omphalocele in aborted and full-term dairy calves: a case series. Theriogenology 42: 1125-1131.
- Mendes, L.C.N., Camacho, A.A., Alves, A.L.G., Borges, A.S., Souza, R.C.A and Ferreira, W.L. (2001). Standard electrocardiographic values in Holstein calves. Arq Br de Med Vet Zoo 53: 644- 648.
- Radostits, O.M., Gay, C.C., Hinchcliff, K.W., Constable, P.D. (2007). Veterinary Medicine, 10th ed., Saunders Elsevier, Edinburgh. pp. 413.
- Smeak, D.D. (1993). Abdominal hernias. In: Textbook of Small Animal Surgery. [Slatter D., ed.] 2nd ed., Saunders: Philadelphia, pp. 433-454.
- Thurmon, J.C., Tranquilli, W.J., Benson, G.J. (1996). Local and regional anesthetic techniques: ruminants and swine. In: Veterinary Anesthesia, [Lumb & Jones’] 3rd ed., Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia: Lippincott, pp. 502-504.
- Wesley, J.R. (1997). Omphalocele. In: Surgery: Scientific Principles and Practice. [Greenfield L.J., Mulholland M.W., Oldham K.T., Zelenock G.B., Lillemoe K.D., eds.] 2nd ed., Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia, pp. 2029-2032.