LABOUR UTILIZATION PATTERN IN MANAGEMENT OF VARIOUS CATEGORIES OF DAIRY ANIMALS*

Article Id: ARCC1595 | Page : 187-190
Citation :- LABOUR UTILIZATION PATTERN IN MANAGEMENT OF VARIOUS CATEGORIES OF DAIRY ANIMALS*.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2009.(43):187-190
S. Sreedhar1, M. Ranganadham
Address : Dairy Experimental Station College of Veterinary Science Rajanderanagar, Hyderabael- 500 030, India.

Abstract

A time motion study was undertaken to establish time requirements on various dairy farm
operations for different categories of animals at Dairy Experimental Station, Rajendranagar,
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. Milking operation constituted major item of work in milch buffaloes.
Feeding, washing of animals and cleaning of sheds consumed a considerable time spent on milch
buffaloes. Feeding of milch animals took almost double the time over the pregnant and dry
animals because of the additional work involved in soaking of concentrate mixture two times
prior to feeding at the time of milking. Pregnant animals took more time for miscellaneous works
because of additional care shown towards their management. Higher feeding and watering time
for heifers recorded in the study may be attributed to higher feed requirement based on their
body weight. Lowest idle time in calves was found due to the delay in commencing routine work
and leaving of workers from the farm earlier than the scheduled time. More time was spent for
washing of bulls over bullocks because of their aggressive behaviour and special attention paid
by the farmers towards management of bulls. Since exercise is a part of daily routine of bull
management, miscellaneous works consumed higher time in maintenance of bulls. A considerable
amount of time was wasted as idle time among all categories of animals due to lack of
implementation of time framed schedule.

Keywords

Time motion study Labour utilization Dairy animals Milking Feeding Watering Cleaning shed Idle time.

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