EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HUMAN RABIES CASES IN KOLKATA WITH ITS APPLICATION TO POST PROPHYLAXIS

Article Id: ARCC1254 | Page : 241 - 247
Citation :- EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HUMAN RABIES CASES IN KOLKATA WITH ITS APPLICATION TO POST PROPHYLAXIS.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2010.(44):241 - 247
Arvind Kumar* and D. Pal
Address : All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Kolkata – 700 001, India.

Abstract

Rabies is a disease which is almost 100% fatal. This epidemiological surveillance study of rabies
is conducted to know the true figure of rabies fatality and its distribution in Kolkata. 65478 dog bite
cases and 156 human rabies cases were investigated. All 156 human rabies cases admitted to hospital
died. Adolescent males suffered most. Semi-urban, farmers and illiterates were most vulnerable.
Amongst various animal bites, dog is the main culprit. Class III bite and bite at lower limb were the
most effected. Incubation period of ninety days were most common. Hydrophobia and aerophobia
were found to be pathognomonic signs for rabies. 4.48 % of rabies cases died of neuroparalysis due
to nerve tissues vaccine complication

Keywords

Dog bite Epidemiology Rabies Vaccination Prophylaxis.

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