Effect of Sowing Dates and Botanical Seed Pelleting on Plant Growth, Bulb Yield and Quality of Onion (Allium cepa L.)

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5183    | Article Id: D-5183 | Page : 169-174
Citation :- Effect of Sowing Dates and Botanical Seed Pelleting on Plant Growth, Bulb Yield and Quality of Onion (Allium cepa L.).Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):169-174
Abhishek Panwar, Ashok K. Thakur, Pramod Sharma, Shivangi Negi, Cherry Nalwa, Anjay Bisht adhvikpanwar.777@gmail.com
Address : Department of Seed Science and Technology, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni-173 230, Himachal Pardesh, India.
Submitted Date : 2-04-2020
Accepted Date : 4-09-2020

Abstract

Background: Onion (Allium cepa L.) is a major bulbous vegetable as well as condiment of family Alliaceae grown in India, originated in Iran and Pakistan. Seed pelleting is a mechanism of applying various materials to the seed that can enhance the seed quality with respect to physiological, physical and health attributes. Seed pelleting make it easy to handle small and irregular shaped seeds.
Methods: The present investigation was conducted in the field of Department of Seed Science and Technology, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan during seasons of 2016-17 and 2017-18. 
Result: This experiment comprised of pelleted seeds with different botanicals carried out to determine the effect of sowing dates and seed pelleting and their interactions on plant growth, yield and quality of bulb crop. All the factors in the experiment as well as their interactions showed significant influence on plant growth, yield and yield contributing characters in onion. The seeds pelleted with Azadirechta indica leaf powder + clay and Melia azedarach  leaf powder + clay sown directly showed maximum values w.r.t. emergence (91.50 %), plant height at 60 days after sowing (35.35 cm), average leaf length (38.43cm), number of leaves per plant (8.67), number of days to harvesting (233.49), polar diameter (46.72 mm), equatorial diameter (57.77 mm), bulb size index (2699.74 ), neck thickness (12.12 mm), number of bulb per plot (89.00) average bulb weight (75.24 g), bulb yield (6.67 kg per plot or 400.01 q per ha), plant height before neck fall stage (58.55 cm). From the present studies, it can be concluded that onion seeds pelleted with Azadirechta indica leaf powder + clay and Melia azedarach leaf powder + clay showed significant effects for enhancing bulb quality, growth, quality and yield of bulb crop raised through direct seeding.

Keywords

Arabica Botanicals Clay Gum Onion Pelleting Seed quality

References

  1. Anbarasan, R., Srimathi, P. and Vijayakumar, A. (2016). Influence of seed pelleting on seed quality improvement in redgram (Cajanus cajan L.). Legume Research 39: 584-589.
  2. FAO. (2016). Production Year Book. www.fao.org. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. Jerlin, R., Ponnuswamy, A.S., Prabakar, K. and Srinivasan, M.R. (2008). Seed pelletization for enhancing seed vigour and storability of chillies Cv. K 1. Madras Agricultural Journal. 95: 486-490.
  3. Kumar, S., Tomar, B.S., Jain, S.K., Singh, N., Parsad, R. and Munshi, A.D. (2015). Effect of planting time and density on plant growth, seed yield and quality attributes in onion (Allium cepa) cv. Pusa Riddhi. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85: 1578-1585.
  4. Mollah, M.R.A., Ali, M.A., Ahmad, M., Hassan, M.K. and Alam, M.J. (2015). Effect of planting dates on the yield and quality of true seeds of onion. International Journal Applied Science and Biotechnology. 3(1): 67-72.
  5. NHB. (2017). National Horticulture Board Database. www.nhb.gov.in Prakash, M., Narayanan, G.S. and Kumar, B.S. (2014). Flyash seed pelleting enhances growth and yield in bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench). Agricultural Science Digest. 34: 49-51.
  6. Prakash, M., Ophelia, A.G., Narayanan, G.S., Anandan, R., Baradhan, G. and Sureshkumar, S.G. (2018). Effect of organic seed pelleting on seedling quality, gas exchange, growth, yield and resultant seed quality parameters of black gram. Legume Research. 54: 1-7.
  7. Sharma, A.K. and Sharma, A. (2006). Plant Genome, Biodiversity and Evolution: Phanerogams (Gymnosperm and Angiosperm- Monocotyledons). Scientific Publishers, New Hampshire, USA. 400p.
  8. Shashibhaskar, M.S., Vasudevan, S.N., Kurdikeri, M.B., Kumar, R.L. and Basavaraj, N. (2011). Influence of seed pelleting on storability of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 22: 1097-1103.
  9. Singh, R. and Verma, K. (1991). Fodder trees of India. Oxford and IBH Co. New Delhi, India.
  10. YSP, UHF. (2010). Package of practices for vegetable crops. Directorate of Extension Education, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni Solan H.P. pp. 20-23. 

Global Footprints