Genetics and Phenotypic Analysis of First Lactation Production, Reproduction and Part Lactation Traits in Frieswal Cattle

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5133    | Article Id: D-5133 | Page : 252-255
Citation :- Genetics and Phenotypic Analysis of First Lactation Production, Reproduction and Part Lactation Traits in Frieswal Cattle.Agricultural Science Digest.2021.(41):252-255
Rajeev, Ravinder Kumar drkashyap1952@gmail.com
Address : Department of Animal Husbandry, SVPUAT, Meerut-250 110, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 14-01-2020
Accepted Date : 17-12-2020

Abstract

Background: The Frieswal cattle a crossbred cattle breed having 62.50 per cent of exotic (inheritance) having total lactation milk yield of 4000 Kg with average lactation length 300 days (PDC Annual Report, 2015-16). Presently, the Frieswal Animal is mainly maintained at 36 Military Farms located in various agro-climatic regions in the country. 
Methods: The present study was undertaken on first Part lactation production, reproduction and part lactation records of 1470 Frieswal cows maintained over a period of 10 years (2003-2012) two military farms viz Meerut and Ambala at CIRC, Meerut. 
Result: The estimate the heritability of production and reproduction traits were 0.29 ±0 .098,0.142±.081, 0.130±0.079, 0.087 ±.074, 0.631 ± 0.255, 0.345 ± 0.247 and 0.100 ± 0.153 for standard 305 days milk yield, age of first calving (AFC), First lactation total milk yield (FLMY), First lactation 305-day or less milk yield (FL305DMY), First lactation length (FLL), Inter calving interval (ICI), First dry period (FDP), First Service Period (FSP), respectively. All the genetic and phenotypic correlation among different production and reproduction traits were high and positive. The estimates of heritability of first lactation individual part monthly yields in Frieswal cattle were found to be 0.100 ± 0.069, 0.105 ± .070, 0.100 ± 0.069, 0.112 ± 0.071, 0.204 ± 0.086, 0.160±0.079, 0.176 ± 0.081, 0.221 ± 0.088, 0.213 ± 0.087 and 0.192 ± 0.09, respectively. 

Keywords

Frieswal cow Genetic and phenotypic correlation Heritability

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