Hybrid Vigor for Alkaloid Contents in Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/IJARe.A-496    | Article Id: A-496 | Page : 290-294
Citation :- Hybrid Vigor for Alkaloid Contents in Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.).Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):290-294
L. Yazıcı, G. Yılmaz leventyzc@gmail.com
Address : Directorate of Middle Black Sea Transition Zone Agricultural Research Institute, Tokat, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 15-10-2019
Accepted Date : 20-04-2020

Abstract

This study aimed to determine suitable opium poppy hybrids over mid parent, better parent and standart check levels in alkaloid ratios. In the study, 36 hybrids were evaluated derived from nine varieties. The experiment was carried out in four replications in randomized block design in 2016 and 2017. Heterosis over mid parent values ranged from -4.91% to 65.43% for morphine, -76.91% to 278.05% for thebaine, -68.97% to 180.91% for noscapine, -53.60% to 150.45% for codeine, -93.55% to 289.61% for oripavine and -78.69% to 285.94% for papaverine. In the result study of 34 crosses recorded positive heterosis over mid parent for morphine content followed by 24 for thebaine, 23 for noscapine, 26 for codeine, 22 for oripavine and 15 for papaverine.

Keywords

Alkaloid content Diallel hybridization Heterosis Hybrid vigor Papaver somniferum L. Poppy.

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