Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 40 issue 3 (september 2020) : 290-294

Hybrid Vigor for Alkaloid Contents in Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.)

L. Yazıcı, G. Yılmaz
1Directorate of Middle Black Sea Transition Zone Agricultural Research Institute, Tokat, Turkey.
Cite article:- Yazıcı L., Yılmaz G. (2020). Hybrid Vigor for Alkaloid Contents in Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum L.). Agricultural Science Digest. 40(3): 290-294. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-496.
This study aimed to determine suitable opium poppy hybrids over mid parent, better parent and standart check levels in alkaloid ratios. In the study, 36 hybrids were evaluated derived from nine varieties. The experiment was carried out in four replications in randomized block design in 2016 and 2017. Heterosis over mid parent values ranged from -4.91% to 65.43% for morphine, -76.91% to 278.05% for thebaine, -68.97% to 180.91% for noscapine, -53.60% to 150.45% for codeine, -93.55% to 289.61% for oripavine and -78.69% to 285.94% for papaverine. In the result study of 34 crosses recorded positive heterosis over mid parent for morphine content followed by 24 for thebaine, 23 for noscapine, 26 for codeine, 22 for oripavine and 15 for papaverine.
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