Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Effects of Corn Stover Particle Size on Growth Performance, Feeding Behavior and Nutrients Digestibility in Beetal Bucks

F. Majeed, S. Ahmed, M.A. Rashid, M.Q. Shahid
Background: The optimization of particle size of corn stover is necessary before it is being added in goat ration as it affects the uniformity and structural effectiveness of the diet, feed intake and digestion process in goats. 
Methods: A total of 24 bucks (10±1 months old; body weight of 20±1 kg) were selected and divided into three treatment groups of 8 bucks in each group in a Completely Randomized Design. Dietary treatments included conventional total mixed ration containing corn stover of three different particle sizes: 1) 8 mm;) CS8; 2) 16 mm, CS16 and 3) 24 mm, CS24. The experiment lasted for 15 weeks including 02 weeks of adaptability period. 
Result: The results indicated that particle size of corn stover significantly affected average daily gain (ADG) by bucks. The ADG was highest in the CS8 group. The bucks in the CS8 spent less time eating but numerically had higher dry matter intake.

  1. Akram, M.Z. and Firincioglu, S.Y. (2019). The use of agricultural crop residues as alternatives to conventional feedstuffs for ruminants: A review. Eurpean Journal of Agriculture Research. 3(2): 58-66.

  2. Al-Saiady, M.Y., Abouheif, M.A., Aziz Makkawi, A., Ibrahim, H.A. and Al-Owaimer, A.N. (2010). Impact of particle length of alfalfa hay in the diet of growing lambs on performance, digestion and carcass characteristics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23: 475-482.

  3. Banerjee, G.C. (2000). Feed and Principles of Animal Nutrition, 2nd rev. ed. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, India. p. 13.

  4. Bhandari, S.K., Ominski, K.H., Wittenberg, K.M., Plaizier, J.C. (2007). Effects of chop length of alfalfa and corn silage on milk production and rumen fermentation of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 90: 2355-2366.

  5. Blanco, C., Bodas, R., Prieto, N. andres, S., Lopez, S.  Giraldez, F.J. (2014). Concentrate plus ground barley straw pellets can replace conventional feeding systems for light fattening lambs. Small Ruminants Research. 116: 137-143.

  6. Hamed, A.H.M. and Elimam, M.E. (2009). Effects of chopping on utilization of sorghum stover by Nubian goats. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 8(10): 1567-1569.

  7. Ishaq, M. and Haq, Z.U. (2007). Small ruminants farming in Pakistan. Annals of Arid Zone. 46(3): 379-386.

  8. Islam, M.S., Hashem, M.A., Islam, S., Alam, M.H., Rahim, M.A., Akterruzzaman, M. (2020). Utilization of crop residues in rural household of Bangladesh. Progressive Agriculture. 31(3): 164-177.

  9. Kendall, C., Leonardi, C., Hoffman, P.C. and Combs, D.K. (2009). Intake and milk production of cows fed diets that differed in dietary neutral detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber digestibility. Journal of Dairy Science. 92: 313-323.

  10. Le, J.L., Dominik, S., Eady, S., Henshall, J., Colditz, I. (2007). Adjusting worm egg counts for faecal moisture in sheep. Veterinary Parasitology. 145: 108-115.

  11. Leonardi, C. and Armentano, L.E. (2003). Effect of quantity, quality and length of alfalfa hay on selective consumption by dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 86: 557-564.

  12. Malik, M.I., Rashid, M.A., Yousaf, M.S., Naveed, S., Javed, K., Rehman, H. (2020). Effect of physical form and level of wheat straw inclusion on growth performance and blood metabolites of fattening goat. Animals. 10: 1-11.

  13. Mourtzinis, S., Cantrell, K.B., Arriaga, F.J., Balkcom, K.S., Novak, J.M., Frederick, J.R. Karlen, D.L. (2016). Carbo hydrate and nutrient composition of corn stover from three south eastern USA locations. Biomass and Bioenergy. 85: 153-158.

  14. Maulfair, D.D.,  Fustini ,M., Heinrichs, A.J. (2011). Effect of varying total mixed ration particle size on rumen digesta and fecal particle size and digestibility in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 94: 3527-3536. 

  15. Nagi, P.R.S., Reddy, D.N., Nagalakshmi, D., Reddy, Y.R., Raghunandan,  T. (2012). Effect of particle size of paddy straw on physical characteristics and performance of lambs fed paddy straw based complete diets. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology. 12: 111-119.

  16. NRC. (2007). Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: sheep, Goats (2007). Cervids and New world Camelids; The National Academies Press: Washington, DC, USA. p. 384.

  17. Overvest, M.A., Bergeron, R., Haley, D.B., DeVries, T.J. (2016). Effect of feed type and method of presentation on feeding behavior, intake and growth of dairy calves fed a high level of milk. Journal of Dairy Science. 99(1): 317-327.

  18. Pakistan Economic Survey. (2020-21). Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Economic Adviser’s Wing, Islamabad, Pakistan. pp. 37.

  19. Schittenhelm, S. (2010). Effect of drought stress on yield and quality of maize/sunflower and maize/sorghum in-tercrops for biogas production. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science. 196: 253-261.

  20. Schultz, E.B., Amaral, R.M.D., Gloria, L.S., Silva, F.F., Rodrigues, M.T., Vieira, R.A.M. (2019). Ingestive behavior of dairy goats fed diets containing increasing levels of neutral detergent fiber and particle size using multivariate analysis. Acta Scientiarum Animal Sciences. 19: 1-8.

  21. Shahid, M., Shah, M., Kiani, A.Parveen, F. (2019). Development of livestock and productivity of labour in Pakistan: An empirical work. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 35(2): 647-653.

  22. Soita, H.W., Christensen, D.A., McKinnon, J.J. (2000). Influence of particle size on the effectiveness of the fiber in barley silage. Journal of Dairy Science. 83: 2295-2300.

  23. Tafaj, M., Zebeli, Q., Baes, C.H., Steingass, H., Drochner, W. (2007). A meta-analysis examining effects of particle size of total mixed rations on intake, rumen digestion and milk production in high yielding dairy cows in early lactation. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 138: 137-161.

  24. Tesfaye, A., Chairatanayuth, P. (2007). Management and Feeding Systems of Crop Residues: The experience of East Shoa Zone, Ethiopia. Livestock Research and Rural Development. 19, 31. 

  25. Wang, M., Zhao, X.G., Liao, H.Y., Tan, Z.L., Tang, S.X., Sun, Z.H., Zhou, C.S.  Han, X.F. (2011). Effects of rice straw particle size on digesta particle size distribution, nitrogen metabolism, blood biochemical parameters, microbial amino acid composition and intestinal amino acid digestibility in goats. Animal Science Journal. 82: 78-85.

  26. Yang, W.Z. and Beauchemin, K.A. (2005). Effects of physically effective fiber on digestion and milk production by dairy cows fed diets based on corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science. 88: 1090-1098.

  27. Zhao, X.G., Wang, M., Tan, Z.L., Tang, S.X., Sun, Z.H., Zhou, C.S., Han, X.F. (2009). Effects of rice straw particle size on chewing activity, feed intake, rumen fermentation and digestion in goats. Asian-Aust J. Anim Sci. 22: 1256-1266.

Editorial Board

View all (0)