Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

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Smooth and Rough Brucella Infections in Dogs

Neval Berrin Arserim, Sevil Erdenliğ Gürbilek, Oktay Keskin, Yaþar Tel, Elif Doğan
Background: B. canis infections have been reported in many countries of the world. B.canis can cause infections both in dogs and human beings. It can be transmitted to human via laboratory accidents during handling and contact with sick dogs. is an infectious agent for humans and it is transmitted to humans by various ways including laboratory accidents and contact with sick dogs. 
Methods: In this study serum samples were collected by using stratified random sampling method from the Diyarbakýr Metropolitan Municipality Animal Care and Rehabilitation Center, where approximately 600 dogs were housed.
Result: Out of 83 samples, 9.6% and 26.5% of serum samples were found as positive by B.canis RSAT and B.canis ELISA, respectively. While 6% and 9.6% of the samples were positive by B. abortus S99 RSAT and B. abortus ELISA, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of B. abortus S99 ELISA was 98% and 95.5%, respectively. On the other hand, sensitivity and specificity of B.canis M(-)  ELISA was 96.6% and 94%. As a result, it was concluded that B. canis infection is common in dogs and this should be considered both for dogs and public health. Unfortunately, there is no standardized commercial serological test for diagnosis of B.canis and other rough Brucella species currently. This is the main reason that rough brucella infections might not represent the real B.canis infection situation. Therefore, most of the cases have the possibility of being undetected. For this reason it is utmost important that B.canis RSAT and ELISA can be used as routine tests in the hospitals and veterinary clinics in the serological diagnosis of brucellosis.

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