Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.4 (2024)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus

Effect of Dehydrated Bovine Colostrum upon Immunity and Development of Dorper Lambs

Fernando Arellano-Rodríguez, Josefina Lopez-Hernandez, Zurisaday Santos-Jiménez, Oscar Ángel-Garcia, Dalia I. Carrillo-Moreno, Viridiana Contreras-Villarreal, Leticia R. Gaytán-Alemán, Evaristo Carrillo-Castellanos, Juan M. Guillén-Muñoz
Background: Ruminants, during the newborn stage, are considered as agammaglobulinemic (calves and buffalos) or hypogammaglobulinemic (kids and lambs), where the colostrum intake is important for the decrease of illness incidence, an adequate development and a low peripartum mortality. The aim was to evaluate the use of dehydrated bovine colostrum as an alternative to natural ovine colostrum upon de development and immunity of Dorper lambs.
Methods: A total of 35 lambs, divided in two groups, one (CN; n=17) fed with natural colostrum directly from the mother, the second (CB; n=18) fed with a colostrum substitute based on dehydrated bovine colostrum, were used.
Result: The colostrum quality was better for the CN group regarding lipids, CP, density, solids and fat when compared to the CB (p<0.05). Glucose levels were higher in the CN than the CB 24 h after colostrum administration (116 mg/dl and 97 mg/dl, respectively; p<0.05). There were no diarrheas or respiratory illnesses in lambs from both groups at 24 h after birth (p>0.05). Maybe, the use of bovine dehydrated colostrum transfers a similar immunization than natural colostrum, which generated a low incidence of respiratory and metabolic illnesses and a good body development.

  1. Alexander, G. and Davies, H.L. (1959). Relationship of milk production to number of lambs born or suckled. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research. 10(5): 720-724.

  2. Banchero, G.E., Milton, J.T.B., Lindsay, D.R., Martin, G.B. and Quintans, G. (2015). Colostrum production in ewes: A review of regulation mechanisms and of energy supply. Animal. 9(5): 831-837.

  3. Bayram, B., Aksakal, V., Turan, I., Demir, S., Mazlum, H. and Çosar, I. (2016). Comparison of immunoglobulin (IgG, IgM) concentrations in calves raised under organic and conventional conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(6): 995-999.

  4. Castro, N., Capote, J., Bruckmaier, R.M. and Argüello, A. (2011). Management effects on colostrogenesis in small ruminants: A review. Journal of Applied Animal Research. 39(2): 85- 93.

  5. Castro, N., Capote, J., Morales-De la nuez, A., Rodríguez, C. and Argüello, A. (2009). Effects of newborn characteristics and length of colostrum feeding period on passive immune transfer in goat kids. Journal of Dairy Science. 92(4): 1616-1619.

  6. FASS. (2010). Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching, 3rd ed.; Federation Animal Science Society: Champaing, IL, USA; p. 177.

  7. Gallego-Calvo, L., Gatica, M.C., Guzmán, J.L. and Zarazaga, L.A. (2014). Role of body condition score and body weight in the control of seasonal reproduction in Blanca Andaluza goats. Animal Reproduction Science. 151(3-4): 157-163.

  8. Hadjipanayiotou, M. (1995). Composition of ewe, goat and cow milk and of colostrum of ewes and goats. Small Ruminant Research, 18(3): 255-262.

  9. Hammon, H.M., Steinhoff-Wagner, J., Flor, J., Schönhusen, U. and Metges, C.C. (2013). Lactation Biology Symposium: Role of colostrum and colostrum components on glucose metabolism in neonatal calves. Journal of Animal Science. 91(2): 685-695.

  10. Lynch, G.M. (2013) Efecto de la esquila preparto sobre la mortalidad neonatal en ovinos. handle/123456789/569.

  11. Maunsell, F.P., Morin, D.E., Constable, P.D., Hurley, W.L., McCoy, G.C., Kakoma, I. and Isaacson, R.E. (1998). Effects of mastitis on the volume and composition of colostrum produced by Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 81(5): 1291-1299.

  12. Moretti, D.B., Kindlein, L., Pauletti, P. and Machado-Neto, R. (2010). IgG absorption by Santa Ines lambs fed Holstein bovine colostrum or Santa Ines ovine colostrum. Animal. 4(6): 933-937.

  13. NAM. (2010). Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 1st ed.; National Academy of Medicine: Harlan, Mexico City, Mexico.

  14. Nowak, R. (2006). Suckling, milk and the development of preferences toward maternal cues by neonates: from early learning to filial attachment?. Advances in the Study of Behavior. 36: 1-58.

  15. Nowak, R. and Poindron, P. (2006). From birth to colostrum: Early steps leading to Lamb survival. Reproduction Nutrition Development. 46(4): 431-446.

  16. Nowak, R., Lindsay, D.R. (1990). Effect of genotype and litter size on discrimination of mothers by their twelve-hour-old lambs. Behaviour. 115 (1-2): 1-13. 10.1163/156853990X00266.

  17. NRC-National Research Council. (2007). Nutrient requirements of small ruminants: Sheep, goats, cervids and new world camelids. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants.

  18. Puppel, K., Go³êbiewski, M., Grodkowski, G., Slósarz, J., Kunowska- Slósarz, M., Solarczyk, P. and Przysucha, T. (2019). Composition and factors affecting quality of bovine colostrum: A review. Animals. 9(12): 1070. ani9121070.

  19. Radostits, O.M., Mayhew, I.G. and Houston, D. (2002). Examen y Diagnóstico Clínico en Veterinaria (No. V673 RADe).

  20. Santiago, M.R., Fagundes, G.B., do Nascimento, D.M., Faustino, L.R., da Silva, C.M.G., Dias, F.E.F., de Souza, A.P., Arrivabene, M. and Cavalcante, T.V. (2020). Use of digital Brix refractometer to estimate total protein levels in Santa Inês ewes’ colostrum and lambs’ blood serum. Small Ruminant Research. 182: 78-80.

  21. Yaylak, E., Yavuz, M. and Özkaya, S. (2017). The effects of calving season and parity on colostrum quality of Holstein cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 51(3): 594-598. https:/ /

  22. Wang, C., Zhu, Y. and Wang, J. (2016). Comparative study on the heat stability of goat milk and cow milk. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 50(4): 610-613.

Editorial Board

View all (0)