Comparative study of nutritional composition of adults and juveniles of Coilia mystus collected from the Yangtze Estuary

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-980    | Article Id: B-980 | Page : 1103-1108
Citation :- Comparative study of nutritional composition of adults and juveniles of Coilia mystus collected from the Yangtze Estuary.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2020.(54):1103-1108
C. Song, F. Zhao, G.P. Feng, S.K. Wang and P. Zhuang
Address : East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai-200 090, China
Submitted Date : 6-05-2018
Accepted Date : 21-08-2018


Nutritional composition of the adults (female and male) and juveniles of Coilia mystus were investigated using the national standard methods. The results showed that: (1) Adult females has the highest content of fat, while the juveniles has the highest content of protein and moisture. (2) The juveniles has the highest content of Lys, Glu, Asp, TAA, SEAA, NEAA, FAA, while the adult females have the lowest content. (3) The juveniles have the highest content of DHA, EPA, DPA, ARA, PUFA, n3PUFA, n6PUFA, while the adult males have the lowest content. The above analysis showed that the juveniles took diet more balanced in essential amino acid and abundant in essential fatty acid than that taken by adults. The juveniles showed better edible value and health function than the adults, which is more suitable for development and utilization as a natural food by the whole.


Coilia mystus Nutritional composition Nutritive quality.


  1. Bender, D. A. (2012). Amino acids synthesized from glutamate: glutamine, proline, ornithine, citrulline and arginine, Amino Acid Metabolism. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 157-223. 
  2. Bing, X. W., Cai, B. Y. and Wang, L. P. (2005). Evaluation of nutritive quality and nutritional components in Spinibarbus sinensis muscle. J. Fish. Sci. China, 12: 211-215. (in Chinese).
  3. Chen, F. and Cheng, Q. Q. (2012). Microsatellite DNA diversity of Coilia mystus (clupeiformes: Engraulidae) in three Chinese estuaries. Iranian J. Fish. Sci., 11: 271-282.
  4. Cheng, Q. Q., Ma, C. Y., Cheng, H. P. and Zhang, Q. Y. (2008). Mitochondrial DNA diversity of Coilia mystus (clupeiformes: Engraulidae) in three Chinese estuaries. Environ. Biol. Fish., 83: 277-282.
  5. Cui, Y., Wu, Y., Xu, Z. L. and Zhang, J. (2015). Potential dietary influence on the stable isotopes and fatty acid composition of migratory anchovy (Coilia mystus) around the Changjiang estuary. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK, 95: 193-205.
  6. Das, S., Paul, B. N., Sengupta, J. and Datta, A. K. (2009). Beneficial effects of fish oil to human health: A review. Agric. Rev., 30: 199-205.
  7. FAO/WHO. (1973). Energy and Protein Requirements. Technical Report Series No.522. WHO, Geneva.
  8. Grigorakis, K. (2007). Compositional and organoleptic quality of fanned and wild gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and factors affecting it: A review. Aquaculture, 272: 55-75.
  9. Guo, A., Chen, F., Zhu, W. B., Wang, Z. M., Jiang, R. J. and Zhou, Y. D. (2016). The food variation in different ontogenetic stages of Coilia mystus in the East China Sea and Southern Yellow Sea. J. Zhejiang Ocean U. (Nat. Sci.), 35:8-14. (in Chinese).
  10. He, W. P., Li, Y. X., Liu, M., Radhakrishnan, K. V., Li, Z. J., Murphy, B. R. and Xie, S. G. (2011). Reproductive biology of Coilia mystus (linnaeus) from the Yangtze Estuary, China: Responses to overexploitation. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 27: 1197-1202.
  11. He, W. P., Li, Z. J., Liu, J. S., Li, Y. X., Murphy, B. R. and Xie, S. G. (2008). Validation of a method of estimating age, modelling growth, and describing the age composition of Coilia mystus from the Yangtze Estuary, China. Ices J. Mar. Sci., 65: 1655-1661.
  12. Kang, P., Liu, Y. L., Zhu, H. L., Li, S., Shi, H. F., Chen, F., Leng, W. B., Pi, D. N., Hou, Y. Q. and Yi, D. (2015). The effect of aspartate on the energy metabolism in the liver of weanling pigs challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Eur. J. Nutr., 54: 581-588.
  13. Kaya, Y. and Kocatepe, D. (2014). Chemical composition and nutritional quality of Scorpion fish (Scorpaena porcus, linnaeus 1758) muscle. Indian J. Anim. Res., 48: 83-87.
  14. Lambert, I. H., Kristensen, D. M., Holm, J. B. and Mortensen, O. H. (2015). Physiological role of taurine - from organism to organelle. Acta Physiol., 213: 191-212.
  15. Liu, K., Xu, D. P., Duan, J. R., Zhang, M. Y. and Shi, W. G. (2009). Biochemical components and energy density of muscle and ovary of Coilia mystus in the estuary of Yangtze River. J. Shanghai Ocean U., 18: 302-307. (in Chinese).
  16. Liu, K., Xu, D. P., Duan, J. R., Zhang, M. Y., Fang, D., Zhou, Y. F. and Shi, W. G. (2013). Fluctuation of biological characteristics and yield of Coilia mystus in fishing season after impoundment of the Three Gorges Dam in Yangtze river estuary. Resour. Environ. Yangtze basin, 22: 1282-1288. (in Chinese).
  17. Paul, G. and Watson, R. R. (2014). Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on Alzheimer’s disease. Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Brain and Neurological Health, 231-235.
  18. Pellett, P. L. and Yong, V. R. (1980). Nutritional Evaluation of Protein foods. Tokyo: The United National University Publishing Company, Tolyo, 26-29.
  19. Sarma, D., Dhar Das, P., Das, P., Bisht, H.C.S., Akhtar, M.S. and Ciji, A. (2015). Fatty acid, amino acid and mineral composition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) of Indian Himalaya. Indian J. Anim. Res., 49: 399-404.
  20. Song, C., Hu, C. S., Zhao, F., Zhang, T. and Zhuang P. (2017). Lipid and fatty acid profile in different tissues of wild adult female Cynoglossus gracilis Günther, 1873 in Yangtze Estuary. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-699.
  21. Song, C., Zhao, F., Liu, J. Y., Wang, Y., Huang, X. R. and Zhuang P. (2018). Proximate composition and fatty acid profile in different tissues of juvenile Siganus guttatus fed with Enteromorpha prolifera. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-886.
  22. Swanson, D., Block, R. and Mousa, S. A. (2012). Omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA: Health benefits throughout life. Adv. Nutr., 3: 1-7.
  23. Thakur, D. P., Morioka, K., Itoh, Y. and Obatake, A. (2002). Influence of muscle biochemical constituents on the meat texture of cultured yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata) at different anatomical locations. J. Sci. Food Agr., 82: 1541-1550.
  24. Wang, H. H., Zhang, T., Song, C., Zhao, F., Bi, X. J., Zhang, L. Z. and Zhuang, P. (2016). Age structure and growth characteristics of reproductive population of Colia mystus in the Yangtze Estuary. Mar. Fish., 38: 609-615. (in Chinese).
  25. Wen, Y., and Gao, Q. (2016). Role of Omega-3 fatty acid in major cardiovascular events-A current view. In: Hegde, M., Zanwar, A. and Adekar, S. (eds) Omega-3 Fatty Acids. Springer, Cham.
  26. Yang, J., Arai, T., Liu, H. and Miyazaki, N. (2006 a). Environmental signature in the otolith elemental fingerprint of the tapertail anchovy, Coilia mystus, from the Changjiang estuary, China. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 22: 459-462.
  27. Yang, J., Arai, T., Liu, H., Miyazaki, N. and Tsukamoto, K. (2006 b). Reconstructing habitat use of Coilia mystus and Coilia ectenes of the Yangtze River estuary, and of Coilia ectenes of Taihu lake, based on otolith strontium and calcium. J. Fish Biol., 69: 1120-1135. 

Global Footprints