Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 54 issue 11 (november 2020) : 1441-1445

The relationship between milk progesterone and milk traits during estrus in dairy Cows

A. Gavelis, V. Þilaitis, A. Juozaitis, V. Juozaitienë, G. Urbonavièius, A. Yilmaz
1Veterinary Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Cite article:- Gavelis A., Þilaitis V., Juozaitis A., Juozaitienë V., Urbonavièius G., Yilmaz A. (2018). The relationship between milk progesterone and milk traits during estrus in dairy Cows. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 54(11): 1441-1445. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-900.
The aim of this study was to evaluate relationship between milk progesterone concentration (P4) and milk traits at the start of estrus time and 12h after start of the estrus in dairy cows. The 96 milk samples of 48 Lithuanian dairy cows without reproduction disorders and 90–100 days after calving were evaluated. Cows were classified into two groups based on milk yield per day: <30 kg (n=20) and e”30 kg (n=28). Data were categorized by milk fat and protein content at the start estrus and 12h after start of estrus to evaluate relationship between P4 and milk traits examined. P4 at estrus time in dairy cows was significantly positively correlated with milk yield (P<0.001), whereas it was negatively correlated with milk protein (P<0.05-P<0.01) and fat at 12h after start of estrus. Dairy cows with F/P from 1.0 to 1.5 had the lowest P4 in milk. Results of the pregnancy in dairy cows were related with lower P4 and milk yield level (P<0.001), higher milk fat (P<0.05) and milk protein content (P<0.001). These cows had 1.90 times lower prevalence of the signs of subclinical ketosis (P<0.05) at estrus time when compared with non-pregnant cows. As a result, it was clearly demonstrated that P4 in dairy cows can help to evaluate and improve the reproductive properties of cows. 
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