Investigation of Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cattle in Siirt province in Turkey

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.B-827    | Article Id: B-827 | Page : 1053-1057
Citation :- Investigation of Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cattle in Siirt province in Turkey.Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2018.(52):1053-1057
Ozgur Yasar Celik, Duygu Neval Sayýn Ipek, Burcak Aslan Celik, Kivanc Irak and Gulsah Akgul oyc@siirt.edu.tr
Address : Siirt University Veterinary Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine-Siirt/Turkey
Submitted Date : 13-09-2017
Accepted Date : 15-11-2017

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is an important zoonotic disease, which is caused by Toxoplasma gondii and is quite common in the world, found in all mammals including humans, poultry, and reptiles. It has been reported that; adult cattle do not have toxoplasmosis clinically, and it is possible they pass the parasite through the placenta to the fetus, and that some infected animals give birth to aborted or infected calves. This study was conducted to determine T. gondii seroprevalence in cattle of Siirt region in Turkey and seropositivity was determined in blood samples of 300 cattle by using ELISA.  Results showed that 53 (18%) of the samples were seropositive, while 247 (82%) of the samples were seronegative. In addition, there was a significant difference between their average age groups.

Keywords

Cattle ELISA Seroprevalence Toxoplasma gondii.

References

  1. Acici, M., Babur, C., Kilic, S., Hokelek, M., and Kurt, M., (2008). Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and domestic animals in Samsun province, Turkey, Trop Anim Health Prod, 40: 311-315.
  2. Akca, A., and Mor, N., (2010). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in cattle in the province of Kars, Turkey as determined by ELISA, J Anim Vet Adv, 9: 876-878.
  3. Aktaº, M., Babür, C., Karaer, Z., and Dumanli, N., (2000). Elazýð Yöresinde Sýðýrlarda SF Testi ile Anti-Toxoplssma gondii Antikorlarýnýn Belirlenmesi, Turk J Vet Anim Sci, 24: 535-538.
  4. Altýntaþ, K., (1996). Türkiye’de hayvanlarda Toxoplasma gondii enfeksiyonlarý, T Parazitol Derg, 20: 479-487.
  5. Anð, Ö., Tümbay, E., and Küçüker, M., (2011). Zoonozlar Hayvandan Insana Bulaºabilen Infeksiyon Hastaliklar, (Nobel Tip Kitabevi, Istanbul).
  6. Arda, M., Bisping, W., Aydýn, N., Istanbulloðlu, E., Akay, Ö., and Izgür, M., (1987). Orta Anadolu Bölgesi koyunlarýnda abortus olgularinin etiyolojisi ve serolojisi üzerine bir çalýþma, Ankara Üniv Vet Fak Derg, 34: 195-206.
  7. Arias, M., Reyes, L., Chinchilla, M., and Linder, E., (1993). Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii (Apicomplexa) in meat producing animals in Costa Rica, Revista de biología tropical, 42: 15-20.
  8. Aslan, G., and Babür, C., (2002). Þanlýurfa’da koyun ve sýðýrlar ile mezbaha çalýþanlarýnda Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalansý, Türk Mikrobiyoloji Cemiyeti Dergisi, 32: 102-105.
  9. Aslantaº, Ö., and Babür, C., (2000). Kars yöresinde sýðýr ve koyunlarda Bruselloz ve Toxoplasmoz üzerine seroepidemiyolojik araþtýrmalar, Etlik Vet Mikrobiol Derg, 11: 47-55.
  10. Aytuð, C., (1991). Sýðýr Hastalýklarý, (Teknografik matbaacýlýk.).
  11. Babür, C., Esen, B., and Býyýkoðlu, G., (2001). Yozgat’ta koyunlarda Toxoplasmosis gondii’nin seroprevalansý, Turk J Vet Anim Sci, 25: 283-285.
  12. Babür, C., Karaer, Z., Çakmak, A., Yaralý, C., and Zeybek, H., (1996). Ankara yöresinde Sabin-Feldman (SF), indirekt floresan antikor (IFA), latex aglutinasyon (LA) testleri ile koyun Toxoplasmosis’inin prevalansý, FÜ Saðlýk Bil Derg, 10: 273-277.
  13. Batmaz, H., (2013). Koyun ve Keçilerin Iç Hastaliklari, (Nobel Týp Kitapevi, Ýstanbul.).
  14. Dubey, J., (1986). A review of toxoplasmosis in cattle, Veterinary Parasitology, 22: 177-202.
  15. Dubey, J., (1994). Toxoplasmosis, JAVMA, 205: 1593-1597.
  16. Dündar, B., (1998). Çankiri yöresi sigirlarinda Toxoplasmosisin seroprevalansý, Uzmanlik Tezi. Tarým-Köy Isleri Bakanlýðý, Ankara, 
  17. Elfahal, A.M., Elhassan, A.M., Hussien, M.O., Enan, K.A., Musa, A.B., and El Hussein, A.M., (2013). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dairy cattle with reproductive problems in Sudan, ISRN veterinary science, 2013, 
  18. Eren, H., Babür, C., Erdal, N., and Sert, H., (1997). Ankara ve Aydýn yöresi sýðýrlarýnda Sabin-Feldman Boya testi ile Toxoplasma gondii’nin prevalansý, Türk Hij. Den. Biol. Derg, 54: 31-34.
  19. Ergene, O., Celebi,B., Kucukaslan,I., (2017). Seroprevalance of Canine Brucellosis and Toxoplasmosis in Female and Male Dogs and Relationship to Various Factors as Parity, Abortion and Pyometra. Indian J. Anim. Res., DOI:10.18805/ijar.B-707. In press.
  20. Esteban-Redondo, I., and Innes, E.A., (1997). Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep and cattle, Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases, 20: 191-196.
  21. Ghazaei, C., (2005). Serological survey of antibodies to Toxoplasma, African Journal of Livestock Extension, 3: 5-7.
  22. Gül, Y., (2006). Geviº getiren hayvanlarýn iç hastalýklarý (Sýðýr,koyun-keçi), (Medipres Matbaacýlýk).
  23. Hill, D., and Dubey, J., (2002). Toxoplasma gondii: transmission, diagnosis and prevention, Clinical microbiology and infection, 8: 634-640.
  24. Huong, L., Ljungström, B.-L., Uggla, A., and Björkman, C., (1998). Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in cattle and water buffaloes in southern Vietnam, Veterinary parasitology, 75: 53-57.
  25. Inci, A., Aydin, N., Babür, C., Çam, Y., Akdogan, C., and Kuzan, S., (1999). Kayseri yoeresinde sigir ve koyunlarda toksoplazmozis ve brusellozis uezerine seroepidemiyolojik arastirmalar, Pendik Veteriner Mikrobiyoloji Dergisi, 30: 41-46.
  26. Inci, A., Babür, C., Çam, Y., and Ýça, A., (2002). Kayseri yöresinde köpeklerde Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle ve Manceaux, 1908) seroprevalansý, Türkiye Parazitol Derg, 26: 221-223.
  27. Karagenç, T.Ý., Ertabaklar , H., Ulutaº, B., Aypak, S., and Ertuð, S., (2005). Aydýn yöresindeki sýðýrlarda Toxoplasma gondii’nin seroprevalansý, Yüzüncü Yýl Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 16: 67-70.
  28. Karatepe, M., Babür, C., and Karatepe, B., (2001). Gümüºhaciköy (Amasya) yöresi koyunlarýnda T. gondii’nin SF boya testi ile seroprevalansý, Türkiye Parazitol Derg, 25: 110-112.
  29. Kennerman, E., Kaya, G., Gazyaðcý, S., Babür, C., and Kýlýç, S., (2006). Bursa Bölgesindeki Sýðýrlarda Toxoplasmosisin Serolojik Tanýsý ve Anti-Toxoplasma gondii Antikor Seroprevalansýnýn Belirlenmesi., Vet. Bil. Derg., 45-49.
  30. Klun, I., Djurkoviæ-Djakoviæ, O., Katiæ-Radivojeviæ, S., and Nikoliæ, A., (2006). Cross-sectional survey on Toxoplasma gondii infection in cattle, sheep and pigs in Serbia: seroprevalence and risk factors, Veterinary parasitology, 135: 121-131.
  31. Koestner, A., and Cole, C., (1961). Neuropathology of ovine and bovine toxoplasmosis, American journal of veterinary research, 22: 53-66.
  32. Li, K., Li, R., Li, J., (2016). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Wuhan, Huazhong of China. Indian J. Anim. Res., 50 (2):239-241.
  33. Meireles, L.R., Galisteo Jr, A.J., and Andrade Jr, H.F.d., (2003). Serological survey of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in food animals from São Paulo state, Brazil, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 40: 267-271.
  34. Mor, N., and Arslan, M., (2007). Kars yöresindeki koyunlarda Toxoplasma gondii’nin seroprevalansý, Kafkas Üniv Vet Fak Derg, 13: 165-170.
  35. Munday, B., (1978). Bovine toxoplasmosis: experimental infections, International journal for Parasitology, 8: 285-288.
  36. Ogawa, L., Freire, R., Vidotto, O., Gondim, L., and Navarro, I., (2005). Occurrence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in dairy cattle from the northern region of the Paraná State, Brazil, Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 57: 312-316. 
  37. Saygýlý, R., (2015). http://cografyaharita.com/haritalarim/4l_siirt_ili_haritasi.png Access date 20.10.2017.
  38. Sevinç, F., Birdane, F., Sevinç, M., Dik, B., and Altýnöz, F., (2000). Konya yöresindeki sýðýrlarda Toxoplasma gondii’nin IHA (Indirekt Hemaglutinasyon) ve IFA (Indirekt luoresan antikor) testleri ile seroprevalansý. T, Parasitol. Derg, 24: 176-179. 
  39. Simþek, S., Ütük, A.E., Babür, C., and Köroðlu, E., (2006). Kocaeli Yöresi köpeklerinde Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalansý, Türkiye Parazitol Derg, 30: 171-174.
  40. Sroka, J., (2001). Seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in the Lubin region, Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 8: 25-32
  41. Teneter, A., Heckeroth, A., and Weiss, L., (2000). Toxoplasma gondii: From animals to humans, International Journal for Parasitology, 31: 217-220.
  42. Yýldýz, K., Babür, C., Kýlýç, S., Aydenizöz, M., and Dalkýlýç, Ý., (2000). Kýrýkkale Mezbahasý’nda kesilen koyun ve sýðýrlar ile mezbaha çalýþanlarýnda anti-Toxoplasma antikorlarýnýn araþtýrýlmasý, Türkiye Parazitol Derg, 24: 180-185.
  43. Yücel, S.Y., Yaman, M., Kurt, C., Babür, C., Çelebi, B., Kiliç, S., and Özen, D., (2014). Seroprevalance of Brucellosis, Listeriosis and Toxoplasmosis in Cattle in Adana Province of Turkey, Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi, 38: 91. 

Global Footprints