Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 11 (november 2018) : 1664-1666

A study on Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) emphasising breeding season and feeding behaviour in captivity

Junaid Naseer, Khalid Mahmood Anjum, Muhammad Asif Munir, Muhammad Awais Nazir, Muhammad Zubair Yousaf, Omer Naseer, Ahsan Anjum, Azeem Ullah Khan, Muhammad Toheed Akbar
1Department of Wildlife and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore- 54000, Pakistan
Cite article:- Naseer Junaid, Anjum Mahmood Khalid, Munir Asif Muhammad, Nazir Awais Muhammad, Yousaf Zubair Muhammad, Naseer Omer, Anjum Ahsan, Khan Ullah Azeem, Akbar Toheed Muhammad (2017). A study on Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) emphasising breeding season and feeding behaviour in captivity. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(11): 1664-1666. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-800.
Present research was planned to evaluate the breeding and feeding behaviour of Indian peafowl reared in captivity at Zoological Gardens of Government and Private Sector. For feeding behaviour, a total of fifty pairs (n=100) of Pavo cristatus at both Government Zoological Gardens (n=25pairs) and Private Sectors (n=25pairs) were observed on daily basis. The breeding season of Indian peafowl is not fixed but mostly it breeds in rainy season from April to August. It was observed that most of birds at Government Zoological Gardens breed in month of May, while most of birds at Private Sectors breed in the month of August. For feeding behaviour a total of 200 faecal samples per week were collected for six weeks, out of which 100 samples per week were randomly selected for further analysis. Faecal analysis technique showed that dietary components of Indian peafowl were covered by plant contents following by animal sources. Among the plants components grass seeds were predominant followed by dicotyledon and fruits with least portion of monocotyledons. Among animal components, ants, grasshopper, earthworms, spider and unidentified bones were present. Faecal analysis indicated the presence of some non-food items such as sand and gravel.
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