Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

  • Print ISSN 0367-6722

  • Online ISSN 0976-0555

  • NAAS Rating 6.50

  • SJR 0.263

  • Impact Factor 0.5 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
Science Citation Index Expanded, BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Scopus, AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 52 issue 8 (august 2018) : 1174-1179

Bacillus subtilis, essential oil, chromium and glucose as sow pack alters the performance, immune and stress on pregnant sows and piglets

D. H. Nguyen, R. X. Lan, I. H. Kim
1<p>Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University,&nbsp;Cheonan-si, Chungnam, 31116, South Korea.</p>
Cite article:- Nguyen H. D., Lan X. R., Kim H. I. (2017). Bacillus subtilis, essential oil, chromium and glucose as sow pack alters the performance, immune and stress on pregnant sows and piglets . Indian Journal of Animal Research. 52(8): 1174-1179. doi: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.8450.

A total of 26 (Landrace × Yorkshire) sows were randomly allotted to two experimental dietary treatments: 1) basal diet (CON); 2) CON plus 0.28% sow pack (SP) to determine the effect of Bacillus subtilis, essential oil, chromium and glucose as sow pack supplementation on sows and piglets. During the overall study, sows fed the SP diet  increased body weight of sow after weanling and farrowing, sow back-fat thickness on d 110 , average daily gain of piglets, the level of immunoglobulin-G (IgG) and insulin on d 14 lactating and after weanling and decreased body weight loss, the level of cortisol and glucose on d 14 lactating as well as the level of cortisol after weanling 3 d (P<0.05). In conclusion, the results indicated that supplementation of sow pack diet increased performance of sows and piglets, IgG, insulin of blood and decreased the cortisol and glucose in the blood profiles of sows.

  1. Baker, A.A., Davis, E., Spencer, J.D., Moser, R. and Rehberger, T. (2013). The effect of a Bacillus-based direct-fed microbial supplemented to sows on the gastrointestinal microbiota of their neonatal piglets. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 91: 3390-3399.

  2. Boyd, R.D., Touchette, K.J. and Johnston, M. (1997). Current concepts in feeding prolific sows. In Proc. 13th Annual Carolina Swine Nutr. Conf., Nov (Vol. 11). 

  3. De carvalho, P.M., Rodrigues, R.F.O., Sawaya, A.C.H.F., Marques, M.O.M. and Shimizu M.T. (2004). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea D. C. J. Ethnopharmacol. 95: 297-301.

  4. Hagen, C.D., Lindemann, M.D. and Purser, K.W. (2000). Effect of dietary chromium tripicolinate on productivity of sows under commercial conditions. Swine Health and Production. 8: 59-64. 

  5. Harmon, D.L. and. McLeod, K.R. (2001). Glucose uptake and regulation by intestinal tissues: implications and whole-body energetics. J. Anim. Sci. 79(E. Suppl.), 59–72.

  6. Hoa, N.T., Baccigalupi. L., Huxham A.,. Smertenko A, Van. P.H., Ammendola S., Ricca E. and Cutting. S.M. (2000). Characterization of Bacillus species used for oral bacteriotherapy and bacterioprophylaxis of gastrointestinal disorders. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66: 5241-5247. 

  7. Jang, I.S., Ko, Y.H., Yang, H.Y., Ha, J.S., Kim, J.Y., Kang, S.Y., Yoo, D.H., Nam, D.S., Kim, D.H. and Lee, C.Y.(2004). Influence of essential oil components on growth performance and the functional activity of the pancreas and small intestine in broiler chickens. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 17: 394-400.

  8. Kemp, B., Soede, N.M., Vesseur, P.C., Helmond, F.A., Spoorenberg, J.H. and Frankena, K. (1996). Glucose tolerance of pregnant sows is related to postnatal pig mortality. J. Anim. Sci. 74: 879-885. 

  9. Kritas, S.K., Marubashi, T., Filioussis, G., Petridou, E., Christodoulopoulos, G., Burriel, A.R., Tzivara, A., Theodoridis, A. and Pískoriková, M. (2015). Reproductive performance of sows was improved by administration of a sporing bacillary probiotic (C-3102). J. Anim. Sci. 93: 405-413.

  10. Kranendonk, G., Van der Mheen, H., Fillerup, M. and Hopster, H. (2007). Social rank of pregnant sows affects their body weight gain and behavior and performance of the offspring. J. Anim. Sci. 85: 420-429. 

  11. Lindemann, M.D., Wood, C.M., Harper, A.F., Kornegay, E.T. and Anderson, R.A. (1995). Dietary chromium picolinate additions improve gain: feed and carcass characteristics in growing-finishing pigs and increase litter size in reproducing sows. J. Anim. Sci. 73: 457-465. 

  12. Matthews, J.O., Southern, L.L., Fernandez, J.M., Pontif, J.E., Bidner, T.D. and Odgaard, R.L. (2001). Effect of chromium picolinate and chromium propionate on glucose and insulin kinetics of growing barrows and on growth and carcass traits of growing-    finishing barrows. J. Anim. Sci. 79: 2172-2178. 

  13. Min, J.K., Chung I.B., Chae, B.J., Shin, I.S., Kim, W.Y., Choi, Y.J. and Han, In.K. (1997). Effects of chromium picolinate (CrP) on growth performance and carcass characteristics of fattening pigs treated with or without porcine somatotropin (pST). Asian-    Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 10: 20-27.

  14. Noblet, J., Dourmad, J.Y. and Etienne, M. (1990). Energy utilization in pregnant and lactating sows: modeling of energy requirements. J. Anim. Sci. 68: 562-572. 

  15. Okada, S., Suzuki, M. and Ohba, H. (1983). Enhancement of ribonucleic acid synthesis by chromium (III) in mouse liver. J. Inorg. Biochem. 19: 95-103. 

  16. Park, M.S., Yang, Y.X., Shinde, P.L., Choi, J.Y., Jo, J.K., Kim, J.S., Lohakare,J.D., Yang, J.K., Lee, J.K., Kwon, I.K. and Chae, B.J. (2010). Effects of dietary glucose inclusion on reproductive performance, milk compositions and blood profiles in lactating sows. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 94: 677-684.

  17. Père, M.C. (1995). Maternal and fetal blood levels of glucose, lactate, fructose, and insulin in the conscious pig. J. Anim. Sci. 73: 2994-2999. 

  18. Platel, K. and Srinivasan, K. (2004). Digestive stimulant action of spices: A myth or reality?. Indian J. Med. Res. 119: 167.

  19. Rosen, B.M. and Miodovnik, M. (2000). Pregnancy and complications of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus: a fundamental and clinical text, Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2nd ed, 63-81 pp.

  20. Schaeffer, A.L, Tong, A.K.W., Sather, A.P., Beltranena, E., Pharazyn, A.,and Aherne, F.X. (1991). Preparturient diabetogenesis in primiparous gilts. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 71: 69-77. 

  21. Stamati, S., Alexopoulos, C., Siochu, A., Saoulidis, K. and Kyriakis, S.C. (2006). Probiosis in sows by administration of Bacillus toyoi spores during late pregnancy and lactation: effect on their health status/performance and on litter characteristics. Int. J. Probiotics. Prebiotics. 1: 33.

  22. Taras, D., Vahjen, W., Macha, M. and Simon, O. (2005). Response of performance characteristics and fecal consistency to long-lasting dietary supplementation with the probiotic strain Bacillus cereus var. toyoi to sows and piglets. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59: 405-417. 

  23. Tokach, M.D., Pettigrew, J.E., Dial, G.D., Wheaton, J.E., Crooker, B.A. and Johnston, L.J. (1992). Characterization of luteinizing hormone secretion in the primiparous, lactating sow: relationship to blood metabolites and return-to-estrus interval. J. Anim. Sci. 70: 2195-2201. 

  24. Upadhaya, S.D., Kim, S.C., Valientes, R.A. and Kim, I.H. (2015). The Effect of Bacillus-based Feed Additive on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Fecal Gas Emission, and Pen Cleanup Characteristics of Growing-finishing Pigs. Asian-australas. J. Anim. Sci. 28: 999. 

  25. Weese, J.S., Sharif, S. and Rodiguez-Palacios, A. (2008). Probiotics in veterinary medicine. In: J. Versalovic and M. Wilson, editors, 

Editorial Board

View all (0)