Effect of weaning time on growth performance and rumen development of Hu lambs

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.6822    | Article Id: B-577 | Page : 423-430
Citation :- Effect of weaning time on growth performance and rumendevelopment of Hu lambs .Indian Journal Of Animal Research.2017.(51):423-430

J.M. Chai, Q.Y. Diao, S.Q. Wang, H.C. Wang and N.F. Zhang*

chaijianmin2012@163.com
Address :

Feed Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100081, China.

Submitted Date : 8-07-2016
Accepted Date : 18-08-2016

Abstract

This experiment was determined the effect of weaning time on growth performance, rumen fermentation, and microbial bacterial community of lambs. Forty eight Hu lambs were randomly divided into 4 treatments. Control lambs were ewe-reared (ER), while others were weaned at d 10, 20, or 30 after birth (EW10, EW20 and EW30) and fed milk replacer artificially until d 60. All lambs had ad libitum access to same creep feed from d 15 to 90. Results showed that average daily gain, creep feed intake, final body weight, hot carcass and rumen weight of EW10, EW20 and EW30 were greater (P < 0.05) than ER. The ammonia N concentration of EW20 and EW30 was greater (P < 0.05) than EW10 and ER. Butyric acid in EW10 and EW20 was greater (P < 0.05) than EW30 and ER. The richness and biodiversity of bacterial communities had no difference (P > 0.05). The predominated rumen bacterial composition in phyla level had no difference, but the minor phyla present, Proteobacteria, had difference. These results demonstrated that weaning time could improve the growth performance and rumen weight and slightly affect rumen fermentation. Weaning at d 10 was recommended to farmer to maintain prior rumen development and performance in lambs.

Keywords

Bacterial community High-throughput sequencing techniques Lambs Milk replacer Rumen fermentation.

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